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How to prevent Re-Post action caused by pressing browser's Refresh button

, 5 Feb 2012
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Simple Web User Control prevents unexpected action caused by Refresh Button

The Problem

When a user presses the Browser's Refresh button (Or F5/Ctrl+R etc.) the browser resends the last request data to the server.
This action causes an Unexpected Re-Post action (if there was one).
In some cases, it can be very problematic (For example, in shopping website when the user clicks on "Add to Cart" button and then presses the Refresh button - the item will be added twice !!!)
 

The solution

We will store a unique code (in my case Guid) on both client and server and compare them on every request action. If the two codes are not equal, the action will be canceled and the page will reload ('GET' method).
 
Add Web User Control with this code:

Markup

Add a hidden field to hold client code
<asp:HiddenField runat="server" ID="_repostcheckcode" />

Code behind

    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        CancelUnexpectedRePost();
    }
 
    private void CancelUnexpectedRePost()
    {
        string clientCode = _repostcheckcode.Value;
 
        //Get Server Code from session (Or Empty if null)
        string serverCode = Session["_repostcheckcode"] as string  ?? "";
 
        if (!IsPostBack || clientCode.Equals(serverCode))
        {
            //Codes are equals - The action was initiated by the user
            //Save new code (Can use simple counter instead Guid)
            string code = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();  
            _repostcheckcode.Value = code;
            Session["_repostcheckcode"] = code;
        }
        else
        {
            //Unexpected action - caused by F5 (Refresh) button
            Response.Redirect(Request.Url.AbsoluteUri);
        }
    }
 
Now you can drag the User Control to every page you want to handle that problem, or you can drag it to your Master Page to handle the problem in the entire site.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Udi Perets
Team Leader
Israel Israel
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionUpdate Panel Timer activation causes full repost PinmemberScotSunnergren8-Jul-14 11:01 
QuestionVote 5 PinmemberGuna14319-May-14 18:35 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberniubay5-Sep-12 22:29 
Simple and clean, thanks!
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberSurangiT27-Aug-12 19:59 
QuestionURL REDIRECTION PinmemberMember 91711282-Aug-12 1:10 
Questionprevent Re-Post action by pressing browser's Refresh PinmemberMichael Chiew27-Jul-12 19:03 
QuestionSuggestion PinmemberJens Meyer12-Mar-12 6:21 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 i realy needed this one , greate pos... Pinmemberuri bahbut8-Feb-12 1:58 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 i realy need that , very good one !!... Pinmemberuri bahbut8-Feb-12 1:55 
GeneralReason for my vote of 2 what happens when a user has more th... Pinmemberenoreth5-Feb-12 4:28 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Good tip Pinmemberadribusc1-Feb-12 0:17 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Nice Tip PinmemberThatsAlok31-Jan-12 21:05 

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