In this article we can learn how to:
- Create WSP using Visual Studio 2010
- Deploy WSP to another SharePoint site
- Export a Workflow as WSP
A file with WSP extension represents SharePoint Solution Package. It is actually a
CAB file. When we create a workflow and make a WSP file we can use the file to deploy the
Workflow to multiple SharePoint sites.
Creating a WSP File inside Visual Studio
We have to use the Package command for the solution to create the WSP file.
You can get the WSP file inside the bin\Debug folder of the solution.
The WSP file is actually a cabinet file. You can try opening it with WinZip/WinRar as shown below to see the contents.
Deploying WSP to SharePoint
Now we can deploy the WSP file to SharePoint. For this, do the following steps.
Open the SharePoint site and use Site Settings > View All Site Content > Site Assets.
Click on the Add document link as highlighted above.
In the appearing dialog box, select the WSP file we generated and click the OK button.
After this step we need to activate the solution from Site Settings > Galleries > Solutions.
Deploying using stsadm
We can deploy the solution using the command line tool of SharePoint. You can open the SharePoint 2010 Management Shell console from the
Execute the following command once in the debug folder.
Stsadm –o addsolution –filename YourSolution.WSP
Once done with the above command, open SharePoint Central Administration and from System Settings > Manage Farm Solutions >
select the workflow
and click on the Deploy Solution button as shown below.
Now go back to the SharePoint site and use Site Actions > Site Settings > Site collection features to activate the workflow.
Now use the Site Actions > Site Settings > Workflow settings page to add the workflow.
The deployment is completed and the Workflow is activated. You can access the workflow from List > Site Workflows > WF2.
Export a Workflow as WSP
Now we can try exporting a WSP file from an existing SharePoint site. The exported file can be used to deploy to another SharePoint server. For exporting, follow the
Open Site Assets from Site Actions > View All Site Content.
Click on an existing Workflow, for example Contact Workflow in the above screen. The browser will prompt with the Save As dialog. Click the Save button to get the WSP file. This file can be used to deploy the solution to another SharePoint server.
In this article, we have experimented with deployment of Workflow using a WSP file.