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Simple DXF Reader/Viewer with Spline Support

, 13 Sep 2013
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Simple DXF reader and viewer supporting the most common AutoCAD entities

Introduction

The aim of this tip is to deal with DXF files with the most common AutoCAD entities.

Background

I searched a DXF reader source code in the CodeProject archive and found two articles. One is A DXF Reader Solution and Simple DXF Viewer by Evren Daglioglu, another is DXF Import .NET: Read and View AutoCAD Format Files by Chuzhakin. Both are C# code and have no spline solution. In the comments of these articles, I have seen that other developers need it. So, I decided to implement a basic DXF reader supporting spline entity. I used C++ classes to provide you easy integration of reader to your project. Hope to help you.

General

Line, lwpolyline, arc, circle and spline entities are supported. All the entities in the file are loaded into proper classes when the file is opened. Afterwards, they are drawn on the screen. Highlight and selection of each entity, indication of points, sliding, zoom in, zoom out and pan zoom functionalities are available.

Using the Code

The source code is organized by C++ classes to provide you easy integration into your own code. CLine, CPolyline, CArc, CCircle and CSpline classes are used to hold the entities. These classes are in very basic structure. You may improve them for your own purposes. CDxf class is used to hold the file. Use LoadFile member function of CDxf class to hold the file. In order to load sample.dxf file, use the following code:

CDxf m_dxf;
m_dxf.Init();
m_dxf.LoadFile("sample.dxf");

All the entities are loaded to proper classes by LoadFile function. CDxf class has member variables of CLine, CPolyline, CArc, CCircle and CSpline. The number of each entity can be obtained. For example; to get how many circle entity is available in the file, use GetCircleCount member function. The number of line, lwpolyline, arc and spline entity can be got in a similar way.

UINT iCircleCount;
iCircleCount = m_dxf.GetCircleCount(); 

After loading all the entity in CDxf class, they are drawn on the screen. I used several strings for layer entry to draw each entity in different colors. If the layer of an entity is not one of these strings, the entity color is green default. Modify SelectLayer function with your own strings. Drawing of spline entity is a little bit different. I don't use the poly bezier drawing functions of MFC. I generated the intermediate points between given spline vertices. By the way, you can use these points for different purposes other than drawing.

//fx and fy hold x anf y coordinate values of given spline vertices.
//iCount is the number of generated spline points.
//points are the generated spline points.

int iCount = 0;
float fx[128],fy[128];
POINT points[65535];
 
for(UINT i = 0; i < m_dxf.GetSplineCount(); i++)
{
    //Load fx and fy array from CSpline
    //...

    Spline spline(fx,fy,m_dxf.m_Spline[i].m_FitPointCount);
    spline.Generate();
    spline.GetCurve(points,iCount);
}   

The source code, binary, and a sample dxf file are in a single zip file. Download and explore the source code. Have fun...

DXF Standard

DXF standard is an open ASCII format supplied by Autodesk. Plenty of information is available on the net. If these five entities solve your problem, you don't need to deal with the standard. Just use the classes.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Hasan Gurler
Software Developer
Turkey Turkey
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmembernMarkj24-Jun-14 2:08 
BugMemory Leak Pinmemberravenspoint10-Jun-14 5:26 
GeneralRe: Memory Leak PinmemberHasan Gurler10-Jun-14 21:16 
GeneralRe: Memory Leak Pinmemberravenspoint11-Jun-14 0:29 
GeneralRe: Memory Leak PinmemberHasan Gurler12-Jun-14 1:37 
QuestionWhitespace problems [modified] Pinmemberravenspoint7-Jun-14 8:05 
AnswerRe: Whitespace problems PinmemberHasan Gurler9-Jun-14 3:40 
GeneralRe: Whitespace problems Pinmemberravenspoint9-Jun-14 4:58 
QuestionTangents PinmemberMorteza_Developer14-May-14 2:14 
AnswerRe: Tangents PinmemberHasan Gurler14-May-14 21:11 
GeneralRe: Tangents PinmemberMorteza_Developer14-May-14 21:16 
GeneralRe: Tangents PinmemberHasan Gurler15-May-14 21:38 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinprofessionalMihai MOGA18-Apr-14 21:30 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberHasan Gurler21-Apr-14 2:26 
GeneralVery helpful PinmemberMember 1052813516-Jan-14 2:40 
Questioncode PinmemberMember 1037365331-Oct-13 21:22 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberDigitalArts14-Oct-13 9:09 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberHasan Gurler20-Oct-13 22:44 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberAnOldog17-Sep-13 15:44 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberHasan Gurler17-Sep-13 20:37 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberAnOldog20-Oct-13 4:14 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberHasan Gurler20-Oct-13 22:43 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberkanalbrummer16-Sep-13 2:54 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberHasan Gurler16-Sep-13 3:30 
I am happy to help you.
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