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Converting Text to Voice in .NET Using C#

By , 11 Nov 2013
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Introduction

The demo below explains how to convert text to speech using C# in Visual Studio 2010 using System.Speech Library.

Microsoft .NET framework provides System.Speech.Synthesis for voice synthesis.

Building the Sample

You must have Visual Studio 2010 to build and run the sample.

Description

To convert text to speech which is called voice synthesis, you must include "System.Speech" reference in your project. It contains functions for both speech synthesis and recognition.

After adding System.speech reference, you have to use System.Speech.Synthesis in your project which contains various functions for voice synthesis.

Creating Object of SpeechSynthesizer Class

The first step is to create an object of SpeechSynthesizer class (e.g. "reader" in my sample).

SpeechSynthesizer reader = new SpeechSynthesizer();

Calling Speak() Function

The next step is to call the "Speak()" function by passing the text to spoken as string.

reader.Speak("This is my first speech project");

The problem with the speak() function is that it is not threaded. It means that you cannot perform any other function in your Windows Form until the "reader" object has completed the speech.

So it is better to use "SpeakAsync()" function. I have also used SpeakAsync() in the sample.

 reader.SpeakAsync("Speaking text asynchronously");

Using Pause() and Resume() functions

You can also detect the state of the "reader" object by using "SynthesizerState" property. And using that, you can also "Pause" or "Resume" the narration.

 if (reader.State == SynthesizerState.Speaking)
   {
                    reader.Pause();
   }

if (reader.State == SynthesizerState.Paused)
   {
                    reader.Resume();
  }

Using Dispose() function

You can use Dispose() function to stop narration and dispose the "reader" object.

if( reader!= null )
{
     reader.Dispose();
}

These are some of the basic operations. You can also change voice, volume, rate and other parameters. You can also save the spoken audio stream directly into a "wave" file.

The sample also shows some other features such as using event handlers to detect speech progress and display status of synthesizer.

Below is the complete code for speech synthesis.

COMMENTS and QUESTIONS are most welcome......HAPPY CODING!!!!

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Speech.Synthesis;
using System.IO;

namespace text_to_speech
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        SpeechSynthesizer reader; //declare the object
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

        }
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            reader = new SpeechSynthesizer(); //create new object
            button2.Enabled = false;
            button3.Enabled = false;
            button4.Enabled = false;
            textBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Both;
        }

        //SPEAK TEXT
        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            reader.Dispose();
            if (textBox1.Text != "")    //if text area is not empty
            {

                reader = new SpeechSynthesizer();
                reader.SpeakAsync(textBox1.Text);
                label2.Text = "SPEAKING";
                button2.Enabled = true;
                button4.Enabled = true;
                reader.SpeakCompleted += new EventHandler<speakcompletedeventargs />(reader_SpeakCompleted);
            }
            else
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Please enter some text in the textbox",
                 "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK);
            }
        }

        //event handler
        void reader_SpeakCompleted(object sender, SpeakCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            label2.Text = "IDLE";
        }

        //PAUSE
        private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (reader != null)
            {
                if (reader.State == SynthesizerState.Speaking)
                {
                    reader.Pause();
                    label2.Text = "PAUSED";
                    button3.Enabled = true;

                }
            }
        }

        //RESUME
        private void button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (reader != null)
            {
                if (reader.State == SynthesizerState.Paused)
                {
                    reader.Resume();
                    label2.Text = "SPEAKING";
                }
                button3.Enabled = false;
            }
        }

        //STOP
        private void button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (reader != null)
            {
                reader.Dispose();
                label2.Text = "IDLE";
                button2.Enabled = false;
                button3.Enabled = false;
                button4.Enabled = false;
            }
        }

        //load data from text file button
        private void button5_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            openFileDialog1.ShowDialog();
        }

        private void openFileDialog1_FileOk(object sender, CancelEventArgs e)
        {
            //copy data from text file and load it to textbox
            textBox1.Text =  File.ReadAllText(openFileDialog1.FileName.ToString());

        }

     }
}

Adding SYSTEM.SPEECH Reference

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Apache License, Version 2.0

About the Author

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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionPlease HELP PinmemberProjectShift19-Dec-13 13:08 
QuestionThank you. PinmemberWuRunZhe13-Nov-13 14:45 
Suggestionappreciation PinmemberMember 1039894913-Nov-13 1:56 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberJayanta Chatterjee12-Nov-13 22:25 
My vote of 5.
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberChampion Chen12-Nov-13 14:48 
QuestionDifferent languages Pinmemberbalesteros11-Nov-13 22:27 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberURVISH_SUTHAR111-Nov-13 22:08 

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