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SharpGL: a C# OpenGL class library

, 15 Jan 2009
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SharpGL is a very simple, very powerful C# OpenGL class library, Included is a Windows OpenGL control and Component for direct editing in the visual environment
This is an old version of the currently published article.

Screenshot.jpg

Introduction

Use OpenGL in your C# applications with SharpGL, it's a breeze! Just drag an OpenGLControl onto your Windows Form and handle the 'OpenGLDraw' function - now just call ordinary OpenGL functions!

SharpGL provides you with two controls for designing forms. The OpenGLControl, which lets you do standard OpenGL drawing in a C# application, and the SceneControl, which does the same with added support for polygons/persistence/picking and more. The screenshot above shows the SceneControl in action, with the supplied 'SceneBuilder' application. The screenshot below shows some 'old fasioned' OpenGL drawing, with calls to 'glBegin' and 'glEnd' etc.

Screenshot-Small.jpg

If you want to get OpenGL in your application quickly, there's no easier way. There are five example applications in the download that show you how to use some common features. The SharpGL Website also has a set of tutorials that is regularly updated - as well as support information.

Getting Started

Create a Windows Forms application, use the SharpGL DLL as a reference, and drop an OpenGLControl onto the form. Then handle the 'OpenGLDraw' event and you're ready to go!

Calls that in C++ would look like:

glBegin(GL_LINES);
    glVertex3f(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f); ...etc...

Will have to look like:

OpenGL gl = someForm.someOpenGLControl.OpenGL;

gl.Begin(OpenGL.LINES); 
		gl.Vertex(1, 1, 1); ...etc...

Porting over existing OpenGL code is therefore trivial. Every OpenGL and GLU library function has been imported and fully commented - no need to look through reference books for function parameters, the Code Hints will show you everything you need to see!

screenshot_codehints.jpg

The Scene Graph

The Scene Graph contains classes like 'Texture' and 'Camera' to make working with certain types of object much easier. You don't have to use them, you can use certain components or you can use the whole lot. Or you can mix and match. There is an example application that shows how to do texturing with the Scene Graph.

New Code and Updates

New to SharpGL v1.83

  • New website online - SharpGL, with new tutorials, support information and more!
  • Five example applications in the download.
  • Numerous bug fixes, updates and optimisations.

New to SharpGL v1.8

  • Three new example applications.
  • Significant improvements to texturing code.
  • Rollup Controls in SceneBuilder keep the interface clutter free.
  • A new materials editor in the Modify tab allows quick material editing.
  • All SceneObjects in SharpGL now automatically optimise themselves to use display lists. This has made the Scene drawing extremely fast.
  • An overhaul of the GDI code by Lee Davies and myself has removed the large memory leak and hugely increased the overall performace of the library and application.
  • Many more minor updates and bug fixes are documented in the updates document in the project.

You can now automatically load simple 3D objects from Caligari trueSpace files. This makes creating applications a bit more simple, as you can test the polygon classes with real objects. A Polygon in the SharpGL scene graph is very powerful, they can cast real time shadows. A set of 'Builders' have been added to the SceneBuilder application, allowing you to build polygons from scratch, play around with materials etc.

SceneBuilder (the Test Application) is a simple application showing some of what SharpGL can do, and all the sourcecode is bundled with it, you can use it to build many aspects of a scene.

Points of Interest

The library is great to use, the Scene Graph 'Scene' object lets you do picking, you can control objects via the mouse, even parts of objects, such as the control points of NURBS and evaluators can be moved around. The polygons can be edited by Face, Vertex or as whole objects, and cast shadows over other objects.

Many of the 'kludgy' aspects of OpenGL such as the limits on the number of lights have been smoothed over. Using lights as an example, when the scene is created, the maximum number of lights is ascertained, and you cannot go over that limit. The extent of Mouse control is amazing, and very easy to implement in your own classes. The Persistence code is some of the best code I've ever written, you can call a function in the persistence engine, passing a type of object, and immediately a File Open / Save dialog will be shown with all the available file formats there for the user to select from, then the object will be created from the file or saved to the file. This means in the SceneBuilder app, it takes about two lines to be able to load a polygon from file, with all the possible formats automatically shown.

More Tutorials & Features

I am currently spending a large amount of time on SharpGL, after a few very quiet years. If you want more tutorials or new features, now is the time to let me know! Either leave comments on this page or get in touch with me via the SharpGL Website .

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The GNU General Public License (GPLv3)

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About the Author

Dave Kerr
Software Developer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Follow my blog at www.dwmkerr.com and find out about my charity at www.childrenshomesnepal.org.
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QuestionSharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? [modified] PinmemberMember 1088161316-Jun-14 22:56 
AnswerRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmvpDave Kerr22-Jun-14 7:52 
QuestionRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmemberMember 1088161325-Jun-14 23:04 
AnswerRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmvpDave Kerr27-Jun-14 4:41 
GeneralRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmemberMember 108816131-Jul-14 20:19 
GeneralRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmvpDave Kerr21-Jul-14 6:48 
QuestionRe: SharpGL tutorial & 3D rendering?? PinmemberMember 1088161328-Jul-14 20:53 
QuestionHow to use the WGS84 (Latitude, Longitude) projection PinmemberAhmedGis201114-Apr-14 7:28 
AnswerRe: How to use the WGS84 (Latitude, Longitude) projection PinmvpDave Kerr14-Apr-14 7:59 
QuestionWhich OpenGL version? PinmemberLeonardo Bouchan12-Apr-14 10:04 
AnswerRe: Which OpenGL version? PinmvpDave Kerr12-Apr-14 20:54 
QuestionLicense Pinmembermoritz949-Apr-14 5:32 
AnswerRe: License PinmvpDave Kerr9-Apr-14 5:36 
GeneralRe: License PinmemberLittleFox949-Apr-14 5:57 
QuestionDrawText could not show Chinese! Pinmemberydongydong11-Mar-14 2:48 
AnswerRe: DrawText could not show Chinese! PinmvpDave Kerr11-Mar-14 5:56 
GeneralRe: DrawText could not show Chinese! Pinmemberydongydong12-Mar-14 15:53 
QuestionCan't Install VSIX With VS2012 PinmemberAshley Staggs15-Sep-13 0:33 
AnswerRe: Can't Install VSIX With VS2012 PinmvpDave Kerr15-Sep-13 5:37 
QuestionZooming in and out PinmemberMWBate27-Jul-13 16:18 
AnswerRe: Zooming in and out PinmvpDave Kerr28-Jul-13 8:37 
QuestionHow to make it work with visual studio 2008 Pinmemberjiabin.me14-Jul-13 3:09 
AnswerRe: How to make it work with visual studio 2008 PinmvpDave Kerr14-Jul-13 12:05 
AnswerRe: How to make it work with visual studio 2008 PinmemberAORD13-Nov-13 6:49 
GeneralQuite Cool PinprofessionalBrisingr Aerowing15-May-13 15:05 

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