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WCF Claims, STS and Federation – Layman’s View

By , 15 Dec 2010
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Configuring Your Federation

I’m here to explain WCF claims in federated services using STS (security token service) from a layman’s perspective. I’ve started with the set of configuration you have to put in place on web.config under system.serviceModel to make your service in a federated way. Instead of a very boring textual explanation, I’m explaining it in a comic way.

This is to be declared inside <binding> -> <security> element of system.serviceModel section of web.config.

<wsFederationHttpBinding>
 <binding name="wsFed">
  <security mode="Message">
   <message issuedTokenType=
     "<strong>http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/oasis-wss-saml-token-profile-1.1#SAMLV1.1
     </strong>" negotiateServiceCredential="false">    
    <issuer address="<strong>http://udoozSTS/TokenService.svc</strong>" 
	binding ="wsHttpBinding"  bindingConfiguration="udoozSTSBinding" >
     
    </issuer>
   </message>
  </security>
 </binding>
</wsFederationHttpBinding>

The <issuer> is the place you have to tell where STS is hosted over which binding with appropriate binding configuration. This service expects SAML 1.1 provided by udoozSTS. Since this is expected as part of the request message, it has been declared in Message security mode.

This is has to be declared in <identity> section of <issuer>.

<identity>
         <certificateReference
              findValue="WCFServerKey"
              x509FindType="FindBySubjectName"
              storeLocation="LocalMachine"
              storeName="TrustedPeople" />
</identity>

This has to be declared in <claimTypeRequirements> element under <message>.

<claimTypeRequirements>
<add claimType="http://schemas.udooz.net/2010/12/identity/claims/facebookId" 
	isOptional="false"/>
 <add claimType="http://schemas.udooz.net/2010/12/identity/claims/orgName" 
	isOptional="false"/>
</claimTypeRequirements> 

The whole configuration related to this is:

 <bindings>
 <wsFederationHttpBinding>
  <binding name="mrservice">
   <security mode="Message">
    <message issuedTokenType=
	http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/oasis-wss-saml-token-profile-1.1#SAMLV1.1 
	negotiateServiceCredential="false">
     <claimTypeRequirements>
      <add claimType="http://schemas.udooz.net/2010/12/identity/claims/facebookId" 
	isOptional="false"/>
      <add claimType="http://schemas.udooz.net/2010/12/identity/claims/orgName" 
	isOptional="false"/>
     </claimTypeRequirements>
     <issuer address="http://udoozSTS/TokenService.svc" 
	binding ="wsHttpBinding"  bindingConfiguration="udoozSTSBinding" >
      <identity>
       <certificateReference
         findValue="WCFServerKey"
         x509FindType="FindBySubjectName"
         storeLocation="LocalMachine"
         storeName="TrustedPeople" />                 
      </identity>
     </issuer>
    </message>
   </security>
  </binding>
 </wsFederationHttpBinding>
<bindings>

The proofs are called as claims. A collection of claims about a consumer provided by an identity provider (STS) with its identity is called as ClaimSet.

The comic was developed using: .

To be continued…

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License

About the Author

M Sheik Uduman Ali
Architect Aditi
India India
Working as Architect for Aditi, Chennai, India.
 
My Website: www.udooz.net
 
My Blog: www.udooz.net/blog
Follow on   Twitter

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionWCF Claims, STS and Federation over HTTPS PinmemberRaviJPatel29-Jan-14 1:10 
QuestionRe: WCF Claims, STS and Federation over HTTPS PinmemberRaviJPatel5-Feb-14 23:41 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pinmembermohan5k1-Oct-12 3:33 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMarcelo Lujan [El Bebe.Net ]8-Feb-12 9:29 

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