We have heard it in books by speakers and even Microsoft: "When hosting a Silverlight application, make sure your file ends in .XAP". But does it really have to end in .XAP?
The answer is surprisingly no. It is time to end the myth that when hosting a Silverlight application, it has to end in .XAP. Let's look at a sample Silverlight project first.
File-> New Project
When you create a new Silverlight Project and inspect the ClientBin folder, you will see that the filename ends in .XAP.
What do you think would happen if we renamed this file to .zip and updated our hosting page to look like the following?
type="application/x-silverlight-2" width="100%" height="100%">
<param name="source" value="ClientBin/EndInXapIsCrap.zip"/>
<param name="onError" value="onSilverlightError" />
<param name="background" value="white" />
<param name="minRuntimeVersion" value="4.0.50826.0" />
<param name="autoUpgrade" value="true" />
alt="Get Microsoft Silverlight" style="border-style:none"/>
OK, now this is interesting.
If we run the application, it works just like it does with the file named .XAP. We can view the page source on the Silverlight application and verify this.
Let's examine what happened to our actual Silverlight Project. A new .XAP file was created, but it left our .ZIP alone.
Let's try another extension
If it works with .zip, what about any other extension? Let's try a bogus extension like .MIKE. As you can see below, that works too.
What about the Silverlight Project properties?
So now you are probably thinking, can't we can change the filename in the Silverlight project and it will stick right? The answer is, you can, but it will change itself back after you save the project.
Default filename: EndInXapIsCrap.xap.
New file name - notice the .zip file: EndInXapIsCrap.zip.
After you save the project, it automatically appends .xap to whatever filename you entered (EndInXapIsCrap.zip.xap).
So, what is the point of all of this?
Well, if the server doesn't allow adding MIME types, then you can rename to whatever extension you choose. You can also setup a post-build event to run a batch file or whatever and rename the .XAP back to whatever extension we want. This is a very nifty trick that I hope someone finds useful.
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