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Restricting input by MaskEdit in IE / Firefox

, 5 Nov 2006 CPOL 71.5K 601 46
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To provide a better user experience using MaskEdit, a textbox with restrictions, auot-trim box, and tip box, supports IE/Firefox.

Introduction

There is a very useful control called CXTMaskEdit in XtremeToolkit used in VC++. I managed to replant the MaskEdit to JavaScript, then I started to create the JavSscript lib myself. The only purpose is to better the user's experience.

There are several kinds of textboxes I am providing for IE / Firefox.

  1. Textbox only accepts non-negative integer
  2. Textbox only accepts whole number
  3. Textbox only accepts currency (e.g., 14.22 ) and two decimal points
  4. MaskEdit accepts special strings such as postal code, telephone number etc.
  5. Textbox will auto-trim when it loses focus
  6. Textbox will show tip if it is empty

Demo

Here comes the demo, please try it yourself: Click here for the demo.

Using the code

You should copy the *.js in the /JSLib/ to your project, and there is a file named "help.txt" that describes which files you need to include in your HTML pages. The Global.js is necessary.

<head>
    // ......
    <script language="javascript" src="JSLib/Global.js" 
      type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script language="javascript" src="JSLib/Textbox.Restriction.js" 
      type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script language="javascript" src="JSLib/Textbox.MaskEdit.js" 
      type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script language="javascript" src="JSLib/Textbox.Trim.js" 
      type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script language="javascript" src="JSLib/Textbox.Tip.js" 
      type="text/javascript"></script>
    // ......
</head>

And then you should initialize the textboxes when the page loads, for example:

function OnPageLoad()
{
    InitializeTrimBox();    

    // all the first parameters of the functions below are the textbox id   
    // initialize textbox only accepts nonnegative integerBox
    InitializeTextbox( "txtAcceptNonnegativeIntegerBox", 
                       InputType.NonnegativeInteger);

    // initialize textbox only accepts whole number
    InitializeTextbox( "txtAcceptWholeNumberBox", InputType.WholeNumber);

    // initialize textbox only accepts currency
    InitializeTextbox( "txtAcceptCurrencyBox", InputType.Currency);

    // initialize textbox only accepts Postal Code, such as "M1M 1M1"
    InitializeMaskEdit( "txtPostalCode", "$A$d$A $d$A$d");

    // initialize textbox only accepts telphone number, such as "(111)111-1111"
    InitializeMaskEdit( "txtTelPhone", "($d$d$d)$d$d$d-$d$d$d$d");

    // initialize textbox only accepts car number, such as "A*11111"
    InitializeMaskEdit( "txtCarNumber", "$$A*$d$d$d$d$d");

    // initialize textbox only accepts datetime, such as "2006-12-30"
    InitializeMaskEdit( "txtDateTime1", "$d$d$d$d-$d$d-$d$d");

    // initialize textbox only accepts datetime, such as "12/30/2006"
    InitializeMaskEdit( "txtDateTime2", "$d$d/$d$d/$d$d$d$d");

    // initialize tip box
    InitializeTipBox( "txtTipBox", 
      "If you do not change the password, left blank.");
}

Deficiencies

  1. It does not support Chinese characters at this time. I would like to implement it but it is very difficult, I need to consider more.
  2. Since Firefox does not support onpaste / ondrag / ondrop / oncut / oncontentmenu events, the user can still input an invalid string by pasting, dropping, so this script is just used to provide a better experience, and it is necessary to use ASP.NET validation controls.

History

  • V1.0 2006-10-10: Created.
  • V1.1 2006-10-15
    • Improvement: Renamed InputType.
    • Fixed bug: If there is already a value for mask edit when page loads, the value will be removed.
    • Improvement: Changed the Escape character to $A $a $d.
    • Fixed bug: Should prevent content menu and cutting in mask edit in IE.
    • Improvement: Added the auto-trim textbox.
    • Improvement: Add the tip textbox.
  • V1.2 2006-11-05
    • Improvement: Add the JavaScript object browser.
    • Improvement: For the InitializeXXX functions, can pass either control ID or instance.
    • Fixed bug: If the mask edit gets focus, the input cursor will move to the first unfilled position.
    • Improvement: Added the AJAX class.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Jerry.Wang
Team Leader
China China
Jerry is from China. He was captivated by computer programming since 13 years old when first time played with Q-Basic.


  • Windows / Linux & C++
  • iOS & Obj-C
  • .Net & C#
  • Flex/Flash & ActionScript
  • HTML / CSS / Javascript
  • Gaming Server programming / video, audio processing / image & graphics

Contact: vcer(at)qq.com
Chinese Blog: http://blog.csdn.net/wangjia184

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralIt cannot work on Safari Pin
jatu_p6-Jan-10 0:32
memberjatu_p6-Jan-10 0:32 
Generalalphanumeric Pin
Filipe Freitas4-Dec-08 7:17
memberFilipe Freitas4-Dec-08 7:17 
General5 from me Pin
Shoki3-Oct-07 2:24
memberShoki3-Oct-07 2:24 
GeneralAdd new escape characters Pin
placido19-Jul-07 5:19
memberplacido19-Jul-07 5:19 
GeneralRe: Add new escape characters Pin
Jerry.Wang19-Jul-07 14:58
memberJerry.Wang19-Jul-07 14:58 
GeneralLicense Pin
rossie17-Jul-07 19:10
memberrossie17-Jul-07 19:10 
GeneralRe: License Pin
Jerry.Wang17-Jul-07 19:53
memberJerry.Wang17-Jul-07 19:53 
GeneralRe: License Pin
rossie17-Jul-07 22:05
memberrossie17-Jul-07 22:05 
Generalimplementation Pin
tanachai8-Jun-07 4:26
membertanachai8-Jun-07 4:26 
GeneralOpera Pin
Leandro Souza25-Nov-06 1:59
memberLeandro Souza25-Nov-06 1:59 
GeneralRe: Opera Pin
Jerry.Wang26-Nov-06 17:47
memberJerry.Wang26-Nov-06 17:47 
GeneralRe: Opera Pin
Jerry.Wang27-Nov-06 18:10
memberJerry.Wang27-Nov-06 18:10 
GeneralInput direction Pin
OxYgEn_Pt23-Nov-06 1:55
memberOxYgEn_Pt23-Nov-06 1:55 
GeneralRe: Input direction Pin
Jerry.Wang23-Nov-06 14:27
memberJerry.Wang23-Nov-06 14:27 
GeneralRe: Input direction Pin
OxYgEn_Pt27-Nov-06 23:31
memberOxYgEn_Pt27-Nov-06 23:31 
Generalgood job! Pin
mybios17-Nov-06 17:06
membermybios17-Nov-06 17:06 
GeneralExcellent !! 5 Globe Pin
Tittle Joseph6-Nov-06 1:13
memberTittle Joseph6-Nov-06 1:13 
Generalvery goood Pin
winart19-Oct-06 22:53
memberwinart19-Oct-06 22:53 
GeneralGood work jery Pin
ravihd18-Oct-06 17:44
memberravihd18-Oct-06 17:44 
GeneralOne suggestion Pin
Hardy18-Oct-06 7:25
memberHardy18-Oct-06 7:25 
GeneralRe: One suggestion Pin
Jerry.Wang18-Oct-06 15:22
memberJerry.Wang18-Oct-06 15:22 
Generalgood work! Pin
phic15-Oct-06 16:46
memberphic15-Oct-06 16:46 

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