The code included with this article demonstrates a way to determine whether an installed drive is a CD or DVD drive. The return from
GetDriveType() only tells you that the drive is a
DRIVE_CDROM, and it returns this for both CD and DVD (so far as I could tell). The additional code included here will help you determine the difference between a CD and DVD drive.
I needed to know this information for a project a while back, but I couldn't find anything that encapsulated it using MFC. So, I wrote this small program to test out some ideas and ended up with the code included with this article.
Using the code
There is nothing fancy in this code. Users can simply cut and paste the code needed from this sample into their own projects.
Here is the part that does the work in question:
CDORDVD CCDOrDVDDriveDlg::GetMediaType(TCHAR cDrive)
HANDLE hDrive = CreateFile(cs, GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ,
NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);
if(hDrive == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE || GetLastError() != NO_ERROR)
UCHAR buffer; ULONG returned;
BOOL bStatus = DeviceIoControl(hDrive,
&buffer, 2048, &returned, NULL);
if (!bStatus || !CloseHandle(hDrive))
PGET_MEDIA_TYPES pMediaTypes = (PGET_MEDIA_TYPES) buffer;
if(pMediaTypes->DeviceType == FILE_DEVICE_CD_ROM)
else if(pMediaTypes->DeviceType == FILE_DEVICE_DVD)
Points of interest
I tried several ideas while creating this small snippet of code. I needed it to work on any version of Windows from WinNT. I needed to know the difference because the user of my program can have either kind of media and I wanted to display the most logical drive for them to use.
- Version 1.0 - March 28, 2007.
- Version 1.1 - March 29, 2007 - fixed project file.