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Sending SMS using .NET

, 11 Jun 2007
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This article covers some of the ways of sending SMS using .NET

Introduction

When do you want to send SMS via applications? There could be plethora of use cases for this. The simplest one is to validate a mobile number, and some of the complicated ones could involve sending an SMS after a huge workflow is complete or gone wrong. Let's find out ways to send SMS using C#/VB.NET.

Sending SMS

What are the ways in which one can send SMS?

  • Using a GSM modem:
    • Better when one wants to implement offline applications and a very small number of SMS go every minute, usually few 10s.
  • Using web service:
    • Better when it is an online application and a very few number of SMS go every minute, usually few 10s.
  • Using endpoints given by service the provider:
    • Better when the number of SMS exceeds a few 100s per minute. Service provider demands a commitment of at least 100,000 SMS per month.

Sending SMS via a webservice or endpoints is simplest. In contrast, sending SMS via GSM modem has a few additional steps to take care of. Let's understand each in detail.

Sending SMS via GSM modem

  1. First, find the best GSM modem that suits the needs. Specifications are available here.
  2. Understand the AT Command set required to communicate with the modem.
  3. Connect the modem to the computer according to the setup guide specified in the manual provided with the GSM modem. Sample connection details of the Maestro 20/100 modem can be found here. The connection settings explained are common for most GSM modems.
  4. Create a new Windows application or Web Application.
  5. Add a new class file with the name SMSCOMMS.
  6. Copy and paste the code given below into the class.

Coding with VB.NET

If you are using VB.NET for coding the application, you can use the class shared by Jeanred. Details are as follows:

Option Explicit On    

Imports System
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.IO.PortsPublic Class SMSCOMMS    

Private WithEvents SMSPort As SerialPort    

    Private SMSThread As Thread
    Private ReadThread As Thread
    Shared _Continue As Boolean = False
    Shared _ContSMS As Boolean = False
    Private _Wait As Boolean = False
    Shared _ReadPort As Boolean = False
    Public Event Sending(ByVal Done As Boolean)
    Public Event DataReceived(ByVal Message As String)    

    Public Sub New(ByRef COMMPORT As String)
        SMSPort = New SerialPort
        With SMSPort
            .PortName = COMMPORT
            .BaudRate = 9600
            .Parity = Parity.None
            .DataBits = 8
            .StopBits = StopBits.One
            .Handshake = Handshake.RequestToSend
                .DtrEnable = True
              .RtsEnable = True
            .NewLine = vbCrLf
        End With
        ReadThread = New Thread(AddressOf ReadPort)
        End Sub    

    Public Function SendSMS(ByVal CellNumber As String, 
        ByVal SMSMessage As String) As Boolean
        Dim MyMessage As String = Nothing
        'Check if Message Length <= 160
        If SMSMessage.Length <= 160 Then
            MyMessage = SMSMessage
        Else
              MyMessage = Mid(SMSMessage, 1, 160)
        End If
        If IsOpen = True Then
                SMSPort.WriteLine("AT+CMGS=" & CellNumber & vbCr)
                _ContSMS = False
                SMSPort.WriteLine(MyMessage & vbCrLf & Chr(26))
                _Continue = False
                RaiseEvent Sending(False)
        End If
    End Function    

    Private Sub ReadPort()
          Dim SerialIn As String = Nothing
        Dim RXBuffer(SMSPort.ReadBufferSize) As Byte
        Dim SMSMessage As String = Nothing
        Dim Strpos As Integer = 0
        Dim TmpStr As String = Nothing    

            While SMSPort.IsOpen = True
            If (SMSPort.BytesToRead <> 0) And (
                SMSPort.IsOpen = True) Then
                While SMSPort.BytesToRead <> 0
                    SMSPort.Read(RXBuffer, 0, SMSPort.ReadBufferSize)
                    SerialIn = 
                        SerialIn & System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetString(
                        RXBuffer)
                    If SerialIn.Contains(">") = True Then
                        _ContSMS = True
                    End If
                    If SerialIn.Contains("+CMGS:") = True Then
                        _Continue = True
                        RaiseEvent Sending(True)
                        _Wait = False
                        SerialIn = String.Empty
                        ReDim RXBuffer(SMSPort.ReadBufferSize)
                    End If
                End While
                RaiseEvent DataReceived(SerialIn)
                SerialIn = String.Empty
                ReDim RXBuffer(SMSPort.ReadBufferSize)
            End If
        End While
    End Sub    

    Public ReadOnly Property IsOpen() As Boolean
        Get
            If SMSPort.IsOpen = True Then
                IsOpen = True
            Else
                IsOpen = False
            End If
        End Get
    End Property    

    Public Sub Open()
        If IsOpen = False Then
            SMSPort.Open()
            ReadThread.Start()
        End If
    End Sub    

    Public Sub Close()
        If IsOpen = True Then
            SMSPort.Close()
        End If
    End Sub    

End Class

The above class exposes three functions: Open, SendSMS and Close. While creating the instance of the class, provide the port to which the modem is connected. In a Windows application, follow the steps below:

SMSEngine = New SMSCOMMS("COM1")
SMSEngine.Open()
SMSEngine.SendSMS("919888888888","SMS Testing")
SMSEngine.Close()

Coding with C#

The C# implementation of the code is as follows:

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.IO.Ports;   

public class SMSCOMMS
{
    private SerialPort SMSPort;
    private Thread SMSThread;
    private Thread ReadThread;
    public static bool _Continue = false;
    public static bool _ContSMS = false;
    private bool _Wait = false;
    public static bool _ReadPort = false;
    public delegate void SendingEventHandler(bool Done);
    public event SendingEventHandler Sending;
    public delegate void DataReceivedEventHandler(string Message);
    public event DataReceivedEventHandler DataReceived;    

    public SMSCOMMS(ref string COMMPORT)
    {
        SMSPort = new SerialPort();
        SMSPort.PortName = COMMPORT;
        SMSPort.BaudRate = 9600;
        SMSPort.Parity = Parity.None;
        SMSPort.DataBits = 8;
        SMSPort.StopBits = StopBits.One;
        SMSPort.Handshake = Handshake.RequestToSend;
        SMSPort.DtrEnable = true;
        SMSPort.RtsEnable = true;
        SMSPort.NewLine = System.Environment.NewLine;
        ReadThread = new Thread(
            new System.Threading.ThreadStart(ReadPort));
    }    

    public bool SendSMS(string CellNumber, string SMSMessage)
    {
        string MyMessage = null;
        //Check if Message Length <= 160
        if (SMSMessage.Length <= 160)
            MyMessage = SMSMessage;
        else
            MyMessage = SMSMessage.Substring(0, 160);
        if (IsOpen == true)
        {
            SMSPort.WriteLine("AT+CMGS=" + CellNumber + "r");
            _ContSMS = false;
                SMSPort.WriteLine(
                MyMessage + System.Environment.NewLine + (char)(26));
              _Continue = false;
            if (Sending != null)
                Sending(false);
        }
        return false;
    }    

    private void ReadPort()
    {
        string SerialIn = null;
        byte[] RXBuffer = new byte[SMSPort.ReadBufferSize + 1];
        string SMSMessage = null;
        int Strpos = 0;
        string TmpStr = null;
        while (SMSPort.IsOpen == true)
        {
            if ((SMSPort.BytesToRead != 0) & (SMSPort.IsOpen == true))
            {
                while (SMSPort.BytesToRead != 0)
                {
                    SMSPort.Read(RXBuffer, 0, SMSPort.ReadBufferSize);
                    SerialIn = 
                        SerialIn + System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetString(
                        RXBuffer);
                            if (SerialIn.Contains(">") == true)
                    {
                        _ContSMS = true;
                    }
                    if (SerialIn.Contains("+CMGS:") == true)
                    {
                        _Continue = true;
                        if (Sending != null)
                            Sending(true);
                        _Wait = false;
                        SerialIn = string.Empty;
                        RXBuffer = new byte[SMSPort.ReadBufferSize + 1];
                    }
                }
                if (DataReceived != null)
                    DataReceived(SerialIn);
                SerialIn = string.Empty;
                RXBuffer = new byte[SMSPort.ReadBufferSize + 1];
            }
        }
    }    

    public bool SendSMS(string CellNumber, string SMSMessage)
    {
        string MyMessage = null;
        if (SMSMessage.Length <= 160)
        {
            MyMessage = SMSMessage;
        }
        else
        {
            MyMessage = SMSMessage.Substring(0, 160);
        }
        if (IsOpen == true)
        {
            SMSPort.WriteLine("AT+CMGS=" + CellNumber + "r");
            _ContSMS = false;
                SMSPort.WriteLine(
                    MyMessage + System.Environment.NewLine + (char)(26));
              _Continue = false;
            if (Sending != null)
                Sending(false);
        }
        return false;
    }    

    public void Open()
    {
        if (IsOpen == false)
        {
            SMSPort.Open();
                ReadThread.Start();
        }
    }    

    public void Close()
    {
        if (IsOpen == true)
        {
            SMSPort.Close();
        }
    }    

}

Then use the code as below:

SMSEngine = new SMSCOMMS("COM1");
SMSEngine.Open();
SMSEngine.SendSMS("919888888888","THIS IS YOUR MESSAGE");
SMSEngine.Close();

Sending SMS via a webservice

Sending SMS via webservices, although not for real-time services, is a very cost-effective solution. There are lots of webservices and you should be able to find one by searching the web. There are free ones that are not so reliable. So, purchase SMS credits to send a limited number of SMS using a webservice. Here, the usage is very simple, as it is just consuming a webservice to send a number and message to a function. The Code Project sample is available at The Code Project.

Sending SMS via service provider endpoints

Sending SMS via service provider is also similar to using a webservice. Here, it may be a non-standard protocol or over HTTP. It differs from service provider to service provider. Some provide sample code that can be used for programming custom applications.

History

  • 1 June, 2007 -- Original version posted.
  • 11 June, 2007 -- Article edited and posted to the main CodeProject.com article base.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Common Public License Version 1.0 (CPL)

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About the Author

PooranPrasad

India India
http://pooran.googlepages.com

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionIt works now Pinmemberniranjanbhuta200612-May-14 1:24 
QuestionYour code is not working [modified] PinmemberBABELANA BAYEDIKISSA CHRISTIAN17-Apr-14 7:54 
Questionhi Pinmembersrinivaspitla6622-Nov-13 8:11 
QuestionNot sending SMS PinmemberRaheel Ahmad9-Oct-13 23:53 
QuestionSMS is not receiving on my mobile. PinmemberRaheel Ahmad9-Oct-13 3:43 
SuggestionRepetetion Removal PinmemberSami Ciit27-Aug-13 21:01 
QuestionSend Sms Pinmembershibashish mohanty19-Jul-13 3:55 
QuestionDoes not work in Wavecom GSM modem. PinmemberJMAM14-Jun-13 8:12 
QuestionMessage Service error 500 PinmemberLe@rner2-May-13 1:59 
Questionauto detect com port Pinmembercoderpavel19-Apr-13 6:43 
Questioninteligent menu Pinmemberparasqqqqqqqq5-Apr-13 23:15 
AnswerRe: inteligent menu Pinmemberparasqqqqqqqq5-Apr-13 23:18 
QuestionCMS Error 304 PinmemberKodeeswaran V Duraisamy25-Mar-13 20:07 
QuestionNott working Pinmembertuncay temurlenk19-Mar-13 13:23 
Questiondo you have vb.net 2008 codes? PinmemberGary Roland25-Jan-13 7:24 
QuestionI have a small question for you??? PinmemberGopal Krishna Mailapalli14-Jan-13 2:30 
Questionset the port name from inside the windows service PinmemberSagar Singh Biswakarma2-Dec-12 19:44 
QuestionHow to send sma using asp.net? PinmemberMember 91711289-Oct-12 21:08 
QuestionStill has problem on Codes, Not working Pinmembercreatives.system31-Jul-12 2:06 
Questionhi please solve this problem PinmemberAziz BUkhari24-Jul-12 10:35 
Questioni have trouble :( PinmemberAziz BUkhari24-Jul-12 10:25 
GeneralRe: i have trouble :( PinmemberMember 930707327-Jul-12 14:22 
Questionsending SMS from c# PinmemberTamilarasiTest2-Apr-12 4:06 
Questionsend sms via mobile in c# Pinmembernamard7-Jan-12 1:27 
AnswerRe: send sms via mobile in c# Pinmembernamard7-Jan-12 1:33 

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