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Enumerate and Change Display Modes

By , 29 Jun 2002
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Introduction

This article will briefly describe how to get all possible display modes for a system, including the current mode and also how to change the display mode dynamically.

Enumerating All Modes

To get all display modes available on the system, we use the EnumDisplaySettings API function.

From MSDN:
The EnumDisplaySettings function retrieves information about one of the graphics modes for a display device. To retrieve information for all the graphics modes of a display device, make a series of calls to this function.

So, to get all modes, we need to call this function until it returns FALSE. Here's the code:

BOOL		bRetVal;
CString		sDevMode;

iMode = 0;

do
{
    bRetVal = ::EnumDisplaySettings(NULL, iMode, &devmode);
    iMode++;
    if (bRetVal)
    {
        sDevMode.Format("%d x %d, %d bits %dhtz",
         devmode.dmPelsWidth, devmode.dmPelsHeight,
         devmode.dmBitsPerPel, devmode.dmDisplayFrequency);
        
        // list box for all modes (see demo) 
        if (m_lb1.AddString(sDevMode)==LB_ERR)
            AfxMessageBox("An error occurred!!!");
	}
}
while (bRetVal);

In the above code segment, we increment the iModeNum parameter before each subsequent call to EnumDisplaySettings. According to MSDN, graphics mode indexes start at zero and when you call EnumDisplaySettings with iModeNum set to zero, the OS initializes and caches information about the display device. When you call the function with iModeNum set to a non-zero value, the function returns the information that was cached the last time the function was called with iModeNum set to zero.

The Current Display Mode

To find the display mode currently in use, set the iModeNum parameter of EnumDisplaySettings to ENUM_CURRENT_SETTINGS.

if (::EnumDisplaySettings(NULL, ENUM_CURRENT_SETTINGS, &devmode))
{
    sDevMode.Format("%i x %i, %i bits %dhtz",
         devmode.dmPelsWidth, devmode.dmPelsHeight,
         devmode.dmBitsPerPel, devmode.dmDisplayFrequency);
	
	m_lb1.SelectString(0, sDevMode);
}

Changing Modes

If you want to change the current display mode, use the ChangeDisplaySettings API function.

BOOL bRetVal;

iMode = m_lb1.GetCurSel();
bRetVal = ::EnumDisplaySettings(NULL, iMode, &devmode);
if (bRetVal)
{
    devmode.dmFields = DM_PELSWIDTH | DM_PELSHEIGHT | 
                     DM_BITSPERPEL | DM_DISPLAYFREQUENCY;
                  ::ChangeDisplaySettings(&devmode, 0);
}

Conclusion

This code can be used for DirectX programming to make sure the display adapter supports the correct modes. Other than that, its probably not a good idea to change the user's display mode in your app. But hey, that's up to you. (It is fun to play with however Smile | :) ).

Revision History

30 Jun 2002 - Initial Revision

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Jason Henderson
Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
I have been a professional developer since 1996. I live in the middle of no where in Illinois, USA. I am married and have four children.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to remove a black background ? PinmemberFebruaryGuy263-Dec-13 21:27 
QuestionHow to get list of modes that monitor cannot display? Pinmembervoltar2311-Oct-07 10:36 
GeneralMulti-Devices PinmemberTed Lin6-Feb-07 21:50 
GeneralRe: Multi-Devices PinmemberJason Henderson7-Feb-07 2:42 
GeneralRe: Multi-Devices PinmemberTed Lin7-Feb-07 16:06 
QuestionEnumerate and Change to hidden modes PinmemberRobert Lin30-Mar-06 0:22 
AnswerRe: Enumerate and Change to hidden modes PinmemberMember 12688199-Apr-09 22:36 
GeneralPersistant Settings PinsussSteve Hart1-Feb-04 12:35 
GeneralRe: Persistant Settings PinmemberJason Henderson2-Feb-04 4:27 
GeneralRe: Persistant Settings PinmemberSteve Hart3-Feb-04 8:22 
Generalconvexing affect Pinmemberwizavi23-Mar-03 17:25 
GeneralRe: convexing affect PinmemberJason Henderson24-Mar-03 2:28 
GeneralMulti Monitor PinsussAnonymous13-Dec-02 6:37 
GeneralRe: Multi Monitor PinmemberJason Henderson13-Dec-02 10:04 
GeneralHandy bit of Code... PinmemberJoel Holdsworth30-Jun-02 4:34 

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