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How to use time-zones in .NET under Windows

, 6 Jun 2008 CPOL 29.1K 418 23
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This article describes how to convert between arbitrary time-zones in .NET 2.0.

Introduction

Time-zone handling in .NET 2.0 is restricted to converting between UTC and local (usually server) time. However, in order to display DateTime correctly to users in different regions, in particular, in web applications, you need to be able to convert DateTime between UTC (which is what you should always store in your DB) and the target time zone.

Background

The source code includes a library (basically a single class) and a sample application that shows how to use the library.

The library reads the registry for time-zone names and basic information, and uses Interop to access the Windows system calls necessary to convert between the different time zones.

Using the code

The following lines are taken from the sample application:

// list all time zones
TimeZoneInformation[] arrTzi = TimeZoneInformation.EnumZones();
foreach (TimeZoneInformation tzi in arrTzi)
{
    Console.Write("name: " + tzi.Name);
    Console.WriteLine(" --- now: " + tzi.FromUniversalTime(dt));
}

Each instance of the TimeZoneInformation class has the following useful attributes: Name, DisplayName, Index, Bias (against UTC), DaylightBias, DaylightName, StandardBias, and StandardName.

Converting between time-zones is as easy as this:

TimeZoneInformation tziLocal = TimeZoneInformation.CurrentTimeZone;
TimeZoneInformation tziRemote = TimeZoneInformation.FromIndex(10);
// convert local time to UTC (could be abbreviated as DateTime.UtcNow)
DateTime dt = tziLocal.ToUniversalTime(DateTime.Now);
DateTime dt2 = tziRemote.FromUniversalTime(dt);

Points of interest

I have noticed that the time-zone names change when there are Windows updates, so you do not want to rely on them. I am keeping my fingers crossed that the Index attribute will not change.

Acknowledgements

I found the basis for my code on the internet but cannot remember where (it has been about two years ago). If you are the one whose code snippets I borrowed, drop me an email and I'll name you here!

History

None yet.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

kian01
Program Manager The Boston Consulting Group
Germany Germany
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralIndex does not exist on Vista or Windows 2008 Pin
dwhearn4-Jul-08 3:53
memberdwhearn4-Jul-08 3:53 
GeneralUsually ok, but can have some problems Pin
fuzzylintman6-Jun-08 16:07
memberfuzzylintman6-Jun-08 16:07 

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