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Execute a Program for n Seconds

, 29 Apr 2009
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Start a program, execute for n seconds, then kill it

Introduction

I have a script which runs many sub programs, each sub program fetches a web page, filters its contents and outputs frequently (the output are placed in stdout). It usually works fine, although sometimes it hangs. It is not good because one sub program hangs, the whole script hangs. When it hangs, I always start the Process Explorer to kill this sub program, then the script keeps running. I wanted the script to kill the dead sub program after 30 seconds automatically, so I wrote this program.

Sorry my English is bad.

Background

None.

Using the Code

This is a console application. This program's command line format is:

exec4.exe seconds commandline arguments        

For example, the following command will run "dir /s c:\", wait for 10 seconds and kill.

exec4.exe 10 cmd.exe /c dir /s c:\

You can get exec4.exe. Please download and extract Exec4.zip, and compile:

csc exec4.cs

The source code is listed below:

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Collections.Generic;
class Exec4
{
        [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
        public static extern int WinExec(string exeName, int operType);
        public static void Main(string []args)
        {
                // args[0]           seconds
                // args[1..n]        commandline
                if (args.Length<1)
                {
                        Console.WriteLine("Usage:");
                        Console.WriteLine("\tExec4.exe Seconds Commandline");
                        return;
                }
                else
                {
                        // Check for arguments.
                        int Expires;
                        try
                        {
                                Expires = Convert.ToInt32(args[0]);
                        } 
                        catch 
                        {
                                Expires = -1;
                        }
                        if (Expires<=0)
                        {
                                Console.Error.Write("Seconds argument error: ");
                                Console.Error.WriteLine(args[0]);
                                return;
                        }
                        string cmdLine=args[1];
                        for (int i=2; i<args.Length; i++) cmdLine+=" "+args[i];
                        string AppName=args[1];
                        if (AppName.ToLower().EndsWith(".exe")) AppName=
					AppName.Substring(0, AppName.Length-4);
                        List<int> ProcessIds=new List<int>();
                        foreach (Process aProcess in Process.GetProcessesByName
								(AppName)) 
                                ProcessIds.Add(aProcess.Id);
                        int hr=WinExec(cmdLine,0);
                        if (hr<=31) 
                        {
                                // Execute failed.
                                Console.Error.Write("SubProgram executes abnormally: ");
                                Console.Error.WriteLine(cmdLine);
                                return;
                        }
                        DateTime dtStart=DateTime.Now;
                        // Get the process id of the sub program.
                        int SubProgramProcessId=-1;
                        foreach (Process aProcess in Process.GetProcessesByName
								(AppName)) 
                                if (-1==ProcessIds.IndexOf(aProcess.Id)) 
                                {
                                        SubProgramProcessId=aProcess.Id;
                                        break;
                                }
                        if (-1==SubProgramProcessId)
                        {
                                // We need SubProgramProcessId to stop sub program.
                                Console.Error.WriteLine("Cannot stop SubProgram!");
                                return;
                        }
                        while ((DateTime.Now - dtStart).TotalSeconds<Expires) 
                        {
                                Thread.Sleep(100);
                                //Program end normally.
                                int found=0;
                                foreach (Process aProcess in Process.GetProcessesByName
								(AppName)) 
                                        if (SubProgramProcessId==aProcess.Id)
                                        {
                                                found=1;
                                                break;
                                        }
                                if (0==found) return;
                        }
                        
                        //Program expired, kill it.
                        foreach (Process ExpiredProcess in Process.GetProcessesByName
								(AppName)) 
                                if (SubProgramProcessId==ExpiredProcess.Id)
                                        ExpiredProcess.Kill();
                        Console.Error.WriteLine("Expire!");
                        Environment.Exit(-1); 
                } 
        }
}

Points of Interest

This program uses WinExec Windows API to launch the sub program. It uses Process.GetProcessesByName() function to get related programs and kill the pending sub program as necessary.

Summary

This article describes an approach to start a sub program and stop it automatically. It doesn't kill the sub program's process tree. It introduces a method to kill the pending sub program without any warrant. I hope it is useful to you. Happy Labor's Day!

History

  • 30.04.09 - Original version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Linccg

Taiwan Taiwan
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionUse a Timer? PinmemberPinx5-May-09 0:25 
AnswerRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberLinccg5-May-09 1:54 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberFiwel5-May-09 5:28 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberLinccg5-May-09 7:26 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberFiwel5-May-09 7:35 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberLinccg5-May-09 7:53 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberFiwel5-May-09 7:42 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberLinccg5-May-09 9:06 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberFiwel5-May-09 9:18 
GeneralRe: Use a Timer? PinmemberLinccg5-May-09 10:36 
Generalfetching web page PinmemberTranQuangDao1-May-09 7:49 
GeneralRe: fetching web page PinmemberLinccg1-May-09 12:12 
GeneralRe: fetching web page PinmemberTranQuangDao3-May-09 6:02 
GeneralBug fixed PinmemberLinccg29-Apr-09 16:16 
GeneralMy way PinmemberPIEBALDconsult29-Apr-09 13:57 
GeneralRe: My way PinmemberLinccg29-Apr-09 15:26 

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