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Three State Workflow

, 16 Oct 2012
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In this article we explore the Three-state workflow of SharePoint 2010.

Introduction

In this article we will explore the three-state workflow of SharePoint 2010. Please note that this is an out-of-the-box workflow also known as built-in workflow.

Pre-Requisite

For viewing the email notifications generated by the workflow, you need to configure the Development Machine with an SMTP receiver tool. You can view the Real World Scenarios on configuring this.

What is the purpose of the Three-state workflow?

The three-state workflow can be used to track the status of list items. For each status change there will be an email notification performed by this workflow.

The Issue Tracking template is built to work with this workflow as it contains a Choice column with three different states.

Exploring the Workflow

For starting with create a new list using the Issue Tracking template as shown below:

After creating the list we need to Associate the workflow with the list using the List tab > Workflow Settings > Add a Workflow.

A wizard page will be started as shown below.

Select the Three-state workflow and enter a unique name for the workflow. In the bottom of the page, you can see the Start Options. Check the Start this workflow when an item is created check box.

Click the Next button to continue.

Now you will be prompted with the second page of the Workflow as shown below:

Please note that the Three-state workflow requires a column with three0 states as the ‘Choice’ field. In this list the Issue Status column is selected as the ‘Choice’ field. The rest of the three drop down lists show the three different value selections for the Issue Status to set the Active / Resolved / Closed states.

Coming down to the page you can set Emailing options like Task Information, Email Subject and Body, etc. Email Notifications are sent to the involved persons.

Leave the default options and click the OK button. Now your workflow is ready to send email notifications on task creation.

Email Notification

For viewing the emails generated by the workflow, you need to have:

  • Email server configured in Central Administration

  • E-mail property set in User Profile

  • Smtp4dev tool running

Please view the Real World Scenarios section of the book to enable this.

  • Configuring Email for Development Server

Testing Workflow

Now let us test the workflow by creating a task. Create a Task and make sure you select a valid user having email for the Assigned To column.

Save the changes and you should see the smtp4dev tool catches the email as shown below.

You can see that the ID value is being highlighted. This concludes our experiment with the Three-state workflow.

Editing the Workflow

We can associate multiple workflows with a list or library. To edit an existing association use the Workflow Settings > Workflow Settings menu item.

In the appearing page you can view the existing workflows associated and edit the settings.

The Workflows in Progress column displays the number of workflow instances currently active.

There are additional links to Add / Remove workflows, View workflow reports, too.

Where should I apply this Workflow?

We can use this workflow for the following requirement scenarios:

  • Product or Project approval process where a new product idea can be traversed through different stages of approval before acceptance.

  • Issue tracking system where a customer can create an issue item, the support team updates it to resolved, customer can change the status to Closed or Active again.

  • Bug tracking system where the QA can create a task item, developer can change it to Resolved, QA can reopen it.

The effective use of Three-state workflow should decrease the delivery time for a tracking system with email notifications. We can also use custom lists with transition properties for using the Three-state workflow.

References

Summary

In this article we explored the Three-state workflow of SharePoint 2010. Following are the points worth to be summarized:

  • Three-state workflow tracks status changes.

  • A Choice column is required for the list / library to use this Workflow.

  • Choice column requires at least three fields.

  • Issue Tracking list template is apt for this workflow.

  • Association of Three-state workflow with list instance is required.

  • Email notification is enabled for Three-state workflow.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Jean Paul V.A
Architect
United States United States
Jean Paul is a Microsoft MVP and Architect with 12+ years of experience. He is very much passionate in programming and his core skills are SharePoint, ASP.NET & C#.
 
In the academic side he do hold a BS in Computer Science & MBA. In the certification side he holds MCPD & MCTS spanning from .Net Fundamentals to SQL Server.
 
Most of the free time he will be doing technical activities like researching solutions, writing articles, resolving forum problems etc. He believes quality & satisfaction goes hand in hand.
 
You can find some of his work over here. He blogs at http://jeanpaulva.com
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