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Multi-threading and cross-thread function invoke

, 9 May 2013
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Multi-threading and cross-thread function invoke.

Introduction

If you have ever worked on a multithreaded application, you probably know that accessing controls of UI thread (like textbox, labels etcc...) directly from another thread is not possible . Acessing UI controls directly from a thread other than UI thread would give you a run-time error .

Here is the simple solution to access the UI controls from a background thread.

Steps

  1. Write a function that access the UI controls (here we are displaying error info of the background thread).
  2. Private Sub DisplayError(ByVal errMsg As String)
    {
      lblMsg.Text = errMsg
    }
  3. Write another function that decides if it is being called from the UI thread or from another thread- If its called from its own thread, call the DisplayError() function directly or else invoke it through a delegate.
  4. private Sub DisplayErrorOnUI(ByVal errMsg As String)
    {
        If (Me.InvokeRequired) Then
            Dim invokeDelegate As _invokeUIControlDelegate = _
                     New _invokeUIControlDelegate(AddressOf DisplayError)
            Me.Invoke(_invokeUIControlDelegate, errMsg)
        Else
            DisplayError(errMsg)  
    }
  5. Declare a delegate in the class (or form in this case) to the above function (i.e., isplayErrorOnUI()).
  6. Private Delegate Sub _invokeUIControlDelegate(ByVal errMsg As String)
  7. In the background thread call the InvokeUIControl() function as required.
  8. Try
      // do something here that gives error
    Catch ex As Exception
      DisplayErrorOnUI(ex.Message)
    End Try

This will definitely help... Thanks.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

sisir patro
Software Developer
India India
Learn the base not only the requirement related things for quick fixing and make others learn the exact thing always...
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberVikram.....9-May-13 4:50 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinprofessionalTadit Dash9-May-13 3:37 

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