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Creating Calculator using HTML,CSS and JavaScript

, 4 Aug 2013
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Creating a simple, stylish calculator using HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Introduction

In this trick, we are going to create a calculator. We need to create a basic structure using HTML, style it using CSS and make it work using JavaScript.

Let's Start

Create an HTML Document

<div class="box">
<div class="display"><input type="text" readonly size="18" id="d"></div>
<div class="keys">
    <p><input type="button" class="button gray" 
    value="mrc" onclick='c("Created....................")'>
    <input type="button" class="button gray" 
    value="m-" onclick='c("...............by............")'>
    <input type="button" class="button gray" value="
    m+" onclick='c(".....................Anoop")'>
    <input type="button" class="button pink" 
    value="/" onclick='v("/")'></p>
    <p><input type="button" class="button black" 
    value="7" onclick='v("7")'><input type="button" 
    class="button black" value="8" onclick='v("8")'>
    <input type="button" class="button black" value="9" 
    onclick='v("9")'><input type="button" 
    class="button pink" value="*" onclick='v("*")'></p>
    <p><input type="button" class="button black" 
    value="4" onclick='v("4")'><input type="button" 
    class="button black" value="5" onclick='v("5")'>
    <input type="button" class="button black" value="6" 
    onclick='v("6")'><input type="button" 
    class="button pink" value="-" onclick='v("-")'></p>
    <p><input type="button" class="button black" 
    value="1" onclick='v("1")'><input type="button" 
    class="button black" value="2" onclick='v("2")'>
    <input type="button" class="button black" value="3" 
    onclick='v("3")'><input type="button" 
    class="button pink" value="+" onclick='v("+")'></p>
    <p><input type="button" class="button black" 
    value="0" onclick='v("0")'><input type="button" 
    class="button black" value="." onclick='v(".")'>
    <input type="button" class="button black" value="C" 
    onclick='c("")'><input type="button" 
    class="button orange" value="=" onclick='e()'></p>
</div>
</div>

Here, I created the div (.box) which represent the structure of calculator. Inside it, I created two div tags, one for display (inside this, I added input type="text" to display the result and set this to read only) and one for Keys. Here, you see some onclick event about which I will talk later.

Preview (Using the Above Code Calculator looks like below)

image1

Create CSS Stylesheet

 body
{
background-color:tan;
} 
.box
{
background-color:#3d4543;
height:300px;
width:250px;
border-radius:10px;
position:relative;
top:80px;
left:40%;
} 

Here, I set background color for body and set the height, width and border radius of class box (.box).

Preview

CSS

.display
{
background-color:#222;
width:220px;
position:relative;
left:15px;
top:20px;
height:40px;
}
.display input
{
position:relative;
left:2px;
top:2px;
height:35px;
color:black;
background-color:#bccd95;
font-size:21px;
text-align:right;
} 

Here, I set .display background-color, width, height and position. Inside it, we have an input box, I also adjust its height, width, color, background-color and position.

Preview

CSS

.keys
{
position:relative;
top:15px;
}
.button
{
width:40px;
height:30px;
border:none;
border-radius:8px;
margin-left:17px;
cursor:pointer;
border-top:2px solid transparent;
}
.button.gray
{
color:white;
background-color:#6f6f6f;
border-bottom:black 2px solid;
border-top:2px #6f6f6f solid;
}
.button.pink
{
color:black;
background-color:#ff4561;
border-bottom:black 2px solid;
}
.button.black
{
color:white;
background-color:303030;
border-bottom:black 2px solid;
border-top:2px 303030 solid;
}
.button.orange
{
color:black;
background-color:FF9933;
border-bottom:black 2px solid;
border-top:2px FF9933 solid;
}
.gray:active
{
border-top:black 2px solid;
border-bottom:2px #6f6f6f solid;
}
.pink:active
{
border-top:black 2px solid;
border-bottom:#ff4561 2px solid;
}
.black:active
{
border-top:black 2px solid;
border-bottom:#303030 2px solid;
}
.orange:active
{
border-top:black 2px solid;
border-bottom:FF9933 2px solid;
}
p
{
line-height:10px;
}

Here, I adjust position of div (.keys). I use Double Class Selector( example: class=button gray). By the use of this, I set .button width, height, border-radius, cursor, etc. This helps me in making all my buttons of the same width, height, etc. Then I set .button.gray color, background-color, etc.

After that, I create :active (The :active pseudo selector will match when an element is being pressed down on by the mouse Cursor.) for buttons. The thing I have done here is to change the top border color to black and bottom color to same as button color. This gives button feel of pressing down.

Preview

Finally, we have created a Calculator but it does not work. Now we have to do scripting for it (using JavaScript).

Create Script (Using JavaScript)

function c(val)
{
document.getElementById("d").value=val;
}
function v(val)
{
document.getElementById("d").value+=val;
}
function e() 
{ 
try 
{ 
  c(eval(document.getElementById("d").value)) 
} 
catch(e) 
{
  c('Error') 
} 
}  

Here, I have created three functions. Function c(val) is used for clearing the data from the display. When we click on "C" button, then onclick='c("")' event runs and searches for c(val) function and displays the value according to the parameter passed inside it (here, we have not passed any parameter so the input screen appears blank or clear).

Function v(val) is used for typing numbers as well as mathematical operators.

Function e() is used for evaluating, i.e., on clicking "=" button, value inside the Id="d" is solved.

You can also download the source file for viewing.

Final Preview (Tried and Tested in Chrome)

image5

That's all. Hope you like it.

Thanks!

My other Posts (Tips and Tricks)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Anoop Kr Sharma
Student
India India
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Comments and Discussions

 
Questioncalculator PinmemberMember 1077977327-Apr-14 21:57 
QuestionWell done PinmemberMember 1045345227-Feb-14 13:25 
GeneralRe: Well done PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma27-Feb-14 15:40 
QuestionCalculator code PinmemberMember 104889136-Feb-14 15:08 
AnswerRe: Calculator code PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma6-Feb-14 15:45 
Questionios app PinmemberFaffl Fl16-Oct-13 5:53 
AnswerRe: ios app PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma16-Oct-13 8:34 
GeneralThank you for this coding, its very easy to understand............ PinmemberMember 1033968016-Oct-13 2:20 
GeneralRe: Thank you for this coding, its very easy to understand............ PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma16-Oct-13 5:20 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMohammad Sharify12-Aug-13 4:54 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma12-Aug-13 5:17 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberArash M. Dehghani4-Aug-13 5:58 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinprofessionalAnoop Kr Sharma4-Aug-13 7:59 

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