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Hack proof your Javascript using javascript Obfuscation in ASP.NET applications

, 9 Jan 2015 CPOL
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This article describes how to obfuscate the javascript in asp.net and asp.net mvc.

Introduction

This article is the Part-6 Article of my series Hack Proof your asp.net and asp.net mvc applications.
In this article i will describe how to obfuscate your JavaScript code (Your written business logic in JavaScript or those JavaScript libraries you don't want to expose to others ) in asp.net application with visual studio.

Background

You can read previous article of this series from below links :

  1. Secure your ASP.NET applications from SQL Injection
  2. Secure your ASP.NET applications from XSS Attack
  3. Secure your ASP.NET applications from CSRF Attack
  4. Secure your ASP.NET applications from Sensitive Data Exposure and Information Leakage
  5. Secure your ASP.NET applications from Session Hijacking

 

Obfuscation 

Obfuscation is the process which involves the process to convert your code to a equivalent or specific format such that it becomes difficult to understand and difficult to reverse engineering.

Confustion b/w  Minification of JavaScript and Obfuscation of JavaScript files:

Minification is the process to remove the unnecessary spaces from a file where as obfuscation is the process to make code difficult to understand.

Minification

Above picture is from my article : Tips and Tricks for Faster Asp.NET and Asp.net MVC applications

Obfuscation 

Why we need Obfuscation

Code obfuscation scrambles the symbols, code of a program, rendering it diificult to understand while at the same time preserving the program's functionality.
we can do obfuscation of .NET assemblies and JAVA Code and Javascripts.In this article i am just covering Javascript and obfuscation is not limited to source code , you can use it for your data too and in real life :P :P Big Grin | :-D .

Benefits of Obfuscation 

  1.     Protection of intellectual property(Your own written code)
  2.     Reduced security threats(By Pervention of the code exposure in a descriptive manner)
  3.     Reduced size of the file(Minification and shorten the variables name)
  4.     No network delays

How to apply JavaScript Obfuscation in ASP.NET Application

Prerequisite :

  • Visual Studio 2010 , 2012 , 2013  
  • Asp.Net framework 4 and 4.5 and above (whenever will come)
  • Obviously a ASP.NET and ASP.NET MVC application

in my case i am using VS 2012 and asp.net framework 4.5.

Step 1: Install Bundle Transformer nuget package 
Using package manager console install this Bundle Transformer.
Go To Tools > Library package manager > Package manager console

 

Install-Package BundleTransformer.UglifyJs

BundleTransformer contains many minifiers , but we are here going to cover only Uglify to achieve Obfuscation.For more details about BundleTrasformer Minifiers , Translators and Postprocessors visit https://bundletransformer.codeplex.com/.

Step 2 : Install-Package JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.Msie

using the same package manager console install the JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.Msie.As a JS-engine BundleTransformer use the JavaScript Engine Switcher library . For correct working of this module is recommended to install one of the following NuGet packages: JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.Msie or JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.V8.

Install-Package JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.Msie

Step 3 : Do the Web.Config Setting for uglify
When you installed the bundletransformer its automatically have created a node <bundleTransformer> .Under this node add the following configuration code for uglify.

<uglify>
      <js screwIe8="false" severity="0">
        <parsing strict="false" />
        <compression compress="true" sequences="true" propertiesDotNotation="true"
          deadCode="true" dropDebugger="true" unsafe="false"
          conditionals="true" comparisons="true" evaluate="true"
          booleans="true" loops="true" unused="true"
          hoistFunctions="true" keepFunctionArgs="false" hoistVars="false"
          ifReturn="true" joinVars="true" cascade="true"
          globalDefinitions="" pureGetters="false" pureFunctions=""
          dropConsole="false" angular="false" />
        <mangling mangle="true" except="" eval="false"
          sort="false" topLevel="false" />
        <codeGeneration beautify="false" indentLevel="4" indentStart="0"
          quoteKeys="false" spaceColon="true" asciiOnly="false"
          inlineScript="false" width="80" maxLineLength="32000"
          bracketize="false" semicolons="true"
          comments="false" preserveLine="false"
          unescapeRegexps="false" />
      </js>
      <jsEngine name="MsieJsEngine" />
    </uglify>

If you will see i have added name="MsieJsEngine" under <uglify> node of <JsEngine> .Yo can use JavaScriptEngineSwitcher.V8 also.

Step 4 - Modify the BundleConfig
When you create a new web form application or MVC application , asp.net framework 4.5 templates automatically create a folder App_Start for code that runs on application startup.

Folder App_Start > BundleConfig

1. Add following namespaces

using BundleTransformer.Core.Builders;
using BundleTransformer.Core.Orderers;
using BundleTransformer.Core.Resolvers;
using BundleTransformer.Core.Transformers;

2. Initialize Script and Style transformer , nullbuilder and nullorder class

//This setting is used when if you have specfied the path Using System.web.Optimization.bundle.Cdnpath then it will try to fetch data from there first
            bundles.UseCdn = true;
            //NullBuilder class is responsible for prevention of early applying of the item transformations and combining of code.
            var nullBuilder = new NullBuilder();
            //StyleTransformer and ScriptTransformer classes produce processing of stylesheets and scripts.
            var styleTransformer = new StyleTransformer();

            var scriptTransformer = new ScriptTransformer();
            //NullOrderer class disables the built-in sorting mechanism and save assets sorted in the order they are declared.
            var nullOrderer = new NullOrderer();

3. create your own ScriptBundle to which you want to Obfuscate

//create your own scriptbundle 

            var scriptbundleToObfuscate = new Bundle("~/bundles/WebFormsJs");
            scriptbundleToObfuscate.Include("~/Scripts/WebForms/WebForms.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/WebUIValidation.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/MenuStandards.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/Focus.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/GridView.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/DetailsView.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/TreeView.js",
                  "~/Scripts/WebForms/WebParts.js");
            scriptbundleToObfuscate.Builder = nullBuilder;
            scriptbundleToObfuscate.Transforms.Add(scriptTransformer);
            scriptbundleToObfuscate.Orderer = nullOrderer;
            bundles.Add(scriptbundleToObfuscate);

For Demo purpose i am using the WebForms.js and the bundle for the same which is created by VisualStudio Automatically.

 4. Enableoptimization True to see the result.

BundleTable.EnableOptimizations = true;

Make it false at the time of development so it will not bundle , minify and obfuscate the JS files.Never forget to make it True before publishing the application.

Final Step : Include the bundle in your application and See the results: 

Asp.Net Web forms :

<%: Scripts.Render("~/bundles/WebFormsJs") %>

Asp.Net MVC :

 @Scripts.Render("~/bundles/WebFormsJs")

 

Before Obfuscation :

After Obfuscation :

yay Smile | :) Smile | :) ...

Thanks for reading this article.For code Verification and if you are facing issue in Configuration you can download and see the code from here : https://github.com/sarveshkushwaha/JavaScriptObfuscationInAspNET

References and further readings: 

https://bundletransformer.codeplex.com/wikipage?title=Bundle%20Transformer%201.9.24
http://www.mcpressonline.com/security/general/protect-your-intellectual-property-using-obfuscation.html

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Sarvesh Kushwaha
Software Developer
India India
I do believe life is to help others ... So here i am .. in my spare time i learn new things of programming and try to help people with my knowledge .
I'm an energetic, self-motivated and hard-working Developer and Information Technology Professional with experience in projects, website design and development.

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Accioly14-Jan-15 4:57
memberAccioly14-Jan-15 4:57 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Sarvesh Kushwaha15-Jan-15 0:21
memberSarvesh Kushwaha15-Jan-15 0:21 

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