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A .NET State Machine Toolkit - Part III

, 26 Oct 2006 CPOL
Using code generation with the .NET state machine toolkit.
statemachinetoolkitpartiii_demo.zip
StateMachineToolkit
StateMachineBuilderDemo
App.ico
StateMachineBuilderDemo.csproj.user
StateMachineDemo
App.ico
StateMachineDemo.csproj.user
StateMachineMaker
App.ico
StateMachineMaker.csproj.user
StateMachineToolkit
bin
Debug
LSCollections.dll
CodeGeneration
StateMachineBuilder
StateMachineToolkit.csproj.user
statemachinetoolkitpartiii_src.zip
StateMachineToolkitPartIII_src
CodeGeneration
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;
using Microsoft.CSharp;
using Microsoft.VisualBasic;
using StateMachineToolkit;

namespace StateMachineMaker
{
	/// <summary>
	/// Summary description for Form1.
	/// </summary>
	public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
	{
		/// <summary>
		/// Required designer variable.
		/// </summary>
		private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
        private System.Windows.Forms.DataGrid stateDataGrid;
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox namespaceTextBox;
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox stateMachineNameTextBox;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label namespaceLabel;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label stateMachineNameLabel;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label initialStateLabel;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button buildButton;
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox initialStateTextBox;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu mainMenu1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem menuItem6;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem fileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem newFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem openFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem saveFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem saveAsFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem exitFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem helpMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem aboutHelpMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog openStateMachineFileDialog;
        private System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog saveStateMachineFileDialog;

        private bool hasBeenSaved = false;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem saveAsVBFileMenuItem;
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem menuItem3;
        private System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog saveCSharpFileDialog;
        private System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog saveVBFileDialog;

        private StateMachineBuilder builder = new StateMachineBuilder();

		public Form1()
		{
			//
			// Required for Windows Form Designer support
			//
			InitializeComponent(); 

            InitializeDataGrid();
		}

        private void InitializeDataGrid()
        {
            stateDataGrid.DataSource = builder.States;
            InitializeStateColumnStyles();
            InitializeTransitionColumnStyles();
            Initialize();
        }

        private void InitializeStateColumnStyles()
        {
            DataGridTableStyle tableStyle = new DataGridTableStyle();

            tableStyle.MappingName = "StateRowCollection";

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleName = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleName.HeaderText = "State Name";
            columnStyleName.MappingName = "Name";
            columnStyleName.NullText = "(null)";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleName);

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleHistoryType = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleHistoryType.HeaderText = "History Type";
            columnStyleHistoryType.MappingName = "HistoryType";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleHistoryType);

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleInitialState = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleInitialState.HeaderText = "Initial State";
            columnStyleInitialState.MappingName = "InitialState";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleInitialState);

            stateDataGrid.TableStyles.Add(tableStyle);
        }

        private void InitializeTransitionColumnStyles()
        {
            DataGridTableStyle tableStyle = new DataGridTableStyle();

            tableStyle.MappingName = "TransitionRowCollection";

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleEvent = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleEvent.HeaderText = "Event";
            columnStyleEvent.MappingName = "Event";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleEvent);

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleGuard = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleGuard.HeaderText = "Guard";
            columnStyleGuard.MappingName = "Guard";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleGuard);

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleAction = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleAction.HeaderText = "Action";
            columnStyleAction.MappingName = "Action";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleAction);

            DataGridColumnStyle columnStyleTarget = new DataGridTextBoxColumn();

            columnStyleTarget.HeaderText = "Target";
            columnStyleTarget.MappingName = "Target";
            tableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(columnStyleTarget);

            stateDataGrid.TableStyles.Add(tableStyle);
        }

        private void InitializeControls()
        {
            namespaceTextBox.Text = builder.NamespaceName;
            stateMachineNameTextBox.Text = builder.StateMachineName;
            initialStateTextBox.Text = builder.InitialState;
        }

        private void InitializeRows(StateRowCollection rows)
        {
            foreach(StateRow row in rows)
            {
                row.BeginEdit();
                row.EndEdit();

                foreach(TransitionRow tRow in row.Transitions)
                {
                    tRow.BeginEdit();
                    tRow.EndEdit();
                }

                InitializeRows(row.Substates);
            }
        }

        private void Initialize()
        {            
            builder.Clear();
            InitializeControls();
            openStateMachineFileDialog.FileName = builder.StateMachineName + ".xml";
            saveStateMachineFileDialog.FileName = builder.StateMachineName + ".xml";
            saveCSharpFileDialog.FileName = builder.StateMachineName + ".cs";
            saveVBFileDialog.FileName = builder.StateMachineName + ".vb";
        }

		/// <summary>
		/// Clean up any resources being used.
		/// </summary>
		protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
		{
			if( disposing )
			{
				if (components != null) 
				{
					components.Dispose();
				}
			}
			base.Dispose( disposing );
		}

		#region Windows Form Designer generated code
		/// <summary>
		/// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
		/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
		/// </summary>
		private void InitializeComponent()
		{
            this.stateDataGrid = new System.Windows.Forms.DataGrid();
            this.namespaceTextBox = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.initialStateTextBox = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.namespaceLabel = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.stateMachineNameLabel = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.initialStateLabel = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.buildButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.mainMenu1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu();
            this.fileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.newFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.openFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.saveFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.saveAsFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.menuItem6 = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.exitFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.helpMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.aboutHelpMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.openStateMachineFileDialog = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();
            this.saveStateMachineFileDialog = new System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog();
            this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.menuItem3 = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
            this.saveCSharpFileDialog = new System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog();
            this.saveVBFileDialog = new System.Windows.Forms.SaveFileDialog();
            ((System.ComponentModel.ISupportInitialize)(this.stateDataGrid)).BeginInit();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // stateDataGrid
            // 
            this.stateDataGrid.DataMember = "";
            this.stateDataGrid.HeaderForeColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlText;
            this.stateDataGrid.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 8);
            this.stateDataGrid.Name = "stateDataGrid";
            this.stateDataGrid.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(504, 264);
            this.stateDataGrid.TabIndex = 0;
            // 
            // namespaceTextBox
            // 
            this.namespaceTextBox.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 48);
            this.namespaceTextBox.Name = "namespaceTextBox";
            this.namespaceTextBox.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 20);
            this.namespaceTextBox.TabIndex = 1;
            this.namespaceTextBox.Text = "";
            // 
            // stateMachineNameTextBox
            // 
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 112);
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox.Name = "stateMachineNameTextBox";
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 20);
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox.TabIndex = 2;
            this.stateMachineNameTextBox.Text = "";
            // 
            // initialStateTextBox
            // 
            this.initialStateTextBox.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 176);
            this.initialStateTextBox.Name = "initialStateTextBox";
            this.initialStateTextBox.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 20);
            this.initialStateTextBox.TabIndex = 3;
            this.initialStateTextBox.Text = "";
            // 
            // namespaceLabel
            // 
            this.namespaceLabel.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 16);
            this.namespaceLabel.Name = "namespaceLabel";
            this.namespaceLabel.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 23);
            this.namespaceLabel.TabIndex = 4;
            this.namespaceLabel.Text = "Namespace";
            this.namespaceLabel.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.BottomCenter;
            // 
            // stateMachineNameLabel
            // 
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 80);
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.Name = "stateMachineNameLabel";
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 23);
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.TabIndex = 5;
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.Text = "State Machine Name";
            this.stateMachineNameLabel.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.BottomCenter;
            // 
            // initialStateLabel
            // 
            this.initialStateLabel.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(528, 144);
            this.initialStateLabel.Name = "initialStateLabel";
            this.initialStateLabel.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 23);
            this.initialStateLabel.TabIndex = 6;
            this.initialStateLabel.Text = "Initial State";
            this.initialStateLabel.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.BottomCenter;
            // 
            // buildButton
            // 
            this.buildButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(560, 224);
            this.buildButton.Name = "buildButton";
            this.buildButton.TabIndex = 7;
            this.buildButton.Text = "Build";
            this.buildButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.buildButton_Click);
            // 
            // mainMenu1
            // 
            this.mainMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {
                                                                                      this.fileMenuItem,
                                                                                      this.helpMenuItem});
            // 
            // fileMenuItem
            // 
            this.fileMenuItem.Index = 0;
            this.fileMenuItem.MenuItems.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {
                                                                                         this.newFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.openFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.saveFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.saveAsFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.menuItem6,
                                                                                         this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem,
                                                                                         this.menuItem3,
                                                                                         this.exitFileMenuItem});
            this.fileMenuItem.Text = "&File";
            // 
            // newFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.newFileMenuItem.Index = 0;
            this.newFileMenuItem.Text = "&New";
            this.newFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.newFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // openFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.openFileMenuItem.Index = 1;
            this.openFileMenuItem.Text = "&Open...";
            this.openFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.openFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // saveFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.saveFileMenuItem.Index = 2;
            this.saveFileMenuItem.Text = "&Save";
            this.saveFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.saveFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // saveAsFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.saveAsFileMenuItem.Index = 3;
            this.saveAsFileMenuItem.Text = "Save &As...";
            this.saveAsFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.saveAsFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // menuItem6
            // 
            this.menuItem6.Index = 4;
            this.menuItem6.Text = "-";
            // 
            // exitFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.exitFileMenuItem.Index = 8;
            this.exitFileMenuItem.Text = "E&xit";
            this.exitFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.exitFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // helpMenuItem
            // 
            this.helpMenuItem.Index = 1;
            this.helpMenuItem.MenuItems.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {
                                                                                         this.aboutHelpMenuItem});
            this.helpMenuItem.Text = "&Help";
            // 
            // aboutHelpMenuItem
            // 
            this.aboutHelpMenuItem.Index = 0;
            this.aboutHelpMenuItem.Text = "&About...";
            this.aboutHelpMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.aboutHelpMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // openStateMachineFileDialog
            // 
            this.openStateMachineFileDialog.DefaultExt = "xml";
            this.openStateMachineFileDialog.Filter = "XML files|*.xml|All files|*.*";
            this.openStateMachineFileDialog.Title = "Open State Machine...";
            // 
            // saveStateMachineFileDialog
            // 
            this.saveStateMachineFileDialog.DefaultExt = "xml";
            this.saveStateMachineFileDialog.Filter = "XML files|*.xml|All files|*.*";
            this.saveStateMachineFileDialog.Title = "Save State Machine...";
            // 
            // saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem.Index = 5;
            this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem.Text = "Save As &C#...";
            this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // saveAsVBFileMenuItem
            // 
            this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem.Index = 6;
            this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem.Text = "Save As &VB...";
            this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.saveAsVBFileMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // menuItem3
            // 
            this.menuItem3.Index = 7;
            this.menuItem3.Text = "-";
            // 
            // saveCSharpFileDialog
            // 
            this.saveCSharpFileDialog.DefaultExt = "cs";
            this.saveCSharpFileDialog.Filter = "C# files|*.cs|All files|*.*";
            this.saveCSharpFileDialog.Title = "Save As CSharp...";
            // 
            // saveVBFileDialog
            // 
            this.saveVBFileDialog.DefaultExt = "vb";
            this.saveVBFileDialog.Filter = "VB files|*.vb|All files|*.*";
            this.saveVBFileDialog.Title = "Save As VB...";
            // 
            // Form1
            // 
            this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(680, 278);
            this.Controls.Add(this.buildButton);
            this.Controls.Add(this.initialStateLabel);
            this.Controls.Add(this.stateMachineNameLabel);
            this.Controls.Add(this.namespaceLabel);
            this.Controls.Add(this.initialStateTextBox);
            this.Controls.Add(this.stateMachineNameTextBox);
            this.Controls.Add(this.namespaceTextBox);
            this.Controls.Add(this.stateDataGrid);
            this.Menu = this.mainMenu1;
            this.Name = "Form1";
            this.Text = "State Machine Maker";
            ((System.ComponentModel.ISupportInitialize)(this.stateDataGrid)).EndInit();
            this.ResumeLayout(false);

        }
		#endregion

		/// <summary>
		/// The main entry point for the application.
		/// </summary>
		[STAThread]
		static void Main() 
		{
			Application.Run(new Form1());
		}

        private void buildButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                builder.NamespaceName = namespaceTextBox.Text;
                builder.StateMachineName = stateMachineNameTextBox.Text;
                builder.InitialState = initialStateTextBox.Text;
                builder.Build();

                MessageBox.Show("Build successful.", "Build Results", 
                    MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
            }
            catch(Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Build Failed", 
                    MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);                
            }
        }

        private void newFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Initialize();  
            hasBeenSaved = false;
        }

        private void openFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(openStateMachineFileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                try
                {
                    string fileName = openStateMachineFileDialog.FileName;                    
                    XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(StateMachineBuilder));

                    using(FileStream stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, 
                              FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read))
                    {
                        builder = (StateMachineBuilder)serializer.Deserialize(stream);
                        stream.Close();
                        stateDataGrid.DataSource = builder.States;

                        InitializeRows(builder.States);                        

                        InitializeControls();
                        fileName = Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(fileName);
                        saveStateMachineFileDialog.FileName = fileName + ".xml";
                        saveCSharpFileDialog.FileName = fileName + ".cs";
                        saveVBFileDialog.FileName = fileName + ".vb";
                        hasBeenSaved = true;
                    }
                }
                catch(Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error!", 
                        MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
                }
            }
        }

        private void saveFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(!hasBeenSaved)
            {
                saveAsFileMenuItem_Click(sender, e);
            }
            else
            {
                Save();
            }
        }

        private void saveAsFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(saveStateMachineFileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                Save();
            }        
        }

        private void saveAsCSharpFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(saveCSharpFileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                CodeDomProvider provider = new CSharpCodeProvider();
                ICodeGenerator generator = provider.CreateGenerator();
                CodeGeneratorOptions options = new CodeGeneratorOptions();                

                options.BracingStyle = "C";

                string fileName = saveCSharpFileDialog.FileName;

                using(StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(fileName))
                {
                    generator.GenerateCodeFromNamespace(builder.Result, 
                        writer, options);

                    writer.Close();
                }
            }        
        }

        private void saveAsVBFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(saveVBFileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                CodeDomProvider provider = new VBCodeProvider();
                ICodeGenerator generator = provider.CreateGenerator();
                CodeGeneratorOptions options = new CodeGeneratorOptions();

                string fileName = saveVBFileDialog.FileName;

                using(StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(fileName))
                {
                    generator.GenerateCodeFromNamespace(builder.Result, 
                        writer, options);

                    writer.Close();
                }
            }              
        }

        private void exitFileMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Close();
        }

        private void aboutHelpMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            AboutDialog dlg = new AboutDialog();

            dlg.ShowDialog();
        }

        private void Save()
        {
            try
            {
                string fileName = saveStateMachineFileDialog.FileName;
                XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(StateMachineBuilder));

                using(FileStream stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Create, 
                          FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None))
                {
                    serializer.Serialize(stream, builder);
                    stream.Close();
                    hasBeenSaved = true;
                }
            }
            catch(Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error!", 
                    MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
            }        
        }        
	}
}

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About the Author

Leslie Sanford

United States United States
Aside from dabbling in BASIC on his old Atari 1040ST years ago, Leslie's programming experience didn't really begin until he discovered the Internet in the late 90s. There he found a treasure trove of information about two of his favorite interests: MIDI and sound synthesis.
 
After spending a good deal of time calculating formulas he found on the Internet for creating new sounds by hand, he decided that an easier way would be to program the computer to do the work for him. This led him to learn C. He discovered that beyond using programming as a tool for synthesizing sound, he loved programming in and of itself.
 
Eventually he taught himself C++ and C#, and along the way he immersed himself in the ideas of object oriented programming. Like many of us, he gotten bitten by the design patterns bug and a copy of GOF is never far from his hands.
 
Now his primary interest is in creating a complete MIDI toolkit using the C# language. He hopes to create something that will become an indispensable tool for those wanting to write MIDI applications for the .NET framework.
 
Besides programming, his other interests are photography and playing his Les Paul guitars.

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Article Copyright 2005 by Leslie Sanford
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