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Exploring Globalization with jQuery

, 13 Feb 2011 CPOL
This article discusses another official plugin of jQuery that is Globalization
Sample application
scripts
globinfo
jQueryUI
(function($) {
    var cultures = $.cultures,
        en = cultures.en,
        standard = en.calendars.standard,
        culture = cultures["ar-DZ"] = $.extend(true, {}, en, {
        name: "ar-DZ",
        englishName: "Arabic (Algeria)",
        nativeName: "العربية (الجزائر)",
        language: "ar",
        isRTL: true,
        numberFormat: {
            pattern: ["n-"],
            currency: {
                pattern: ["$n-","$ n"],
                symbol: "د.ج.‏"
            }
        },
        calendars: {
            standard: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                '/': "-",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesAbbr: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesShort: ["ح","ن","ث","ر","خ","ج","س"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["جانفييه","فيفرييه","مارس","أفريل","مي","جوان","جوييه","أوت","سبتمبر","أكتوبر","نوفمبر","ديسمبر",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["جانفييه","فيفرييه","مارس","أفريل","مي","جوان","جوييه","أوت","سبتمبر","أكتوبر","نوفمبر","ديسمبر",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                patterns: {
                    d: "dd-MM-yyyy",
                    D: "dd MMMM, yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dd MMMM, yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dd MMMM, yyyy H:mm:ss",
                    M: "dd MMMM"
                }
            }),
            Hijri: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                name: "Hijri",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesAbbr: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesShort: ["ح","ن","ث","ر","خ","ج","س"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["محرم","صفر","ربيع الأول","ربيع الثاني","جمادى الأولى","جمادى الثانية","رجب","شعبان","رمضان","شوال","ذو القعدة","ذو الحجة",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["محرم","صفر","ربيع الأول","ربيع الثاني","جمادى الأولى","جمادى الثانية","رجب","شعبان","رمضان","شوال","ذو القعدة","ذو الحجة",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                eras: [{"name":"بعد الهجرة","start":null,"offset":0}],
                twoDigitYearMax: 1451,
                patterns: {
                    d: "dd/MM/yy",
                    D: "dd/MM/yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dd/MM/yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dd/MM/yyyy H:mm:ss",
                    M: "dd MMMM"
                },
                convert: {
                    // Adapted to Script from System.Globalization.HijriCalendar
                    ticks1970: 62135596800000,
                    // number of days leading up to each month
                    monthDays: [0, 30, 59, 89, 118, 148, 177, 207, 236, 266, 295, 325, 355],
                    minDate: -42521673600000,
                    maxDate: 253402300799999,
                    // The number of days to add or subtract from the calendar to accommodate the variances
                    // in the start and the end of Ramadan and to accommodate the date difference between
                    // countries/regions. May be dynamically adjusted based on user preference, but should
                    // remain in the range of -2 to 2, inclusive.
                    hijriAdjustment: 0,
                    toGregorian: function(hyear, hmonth, hday) {
                        var daysSinceJan0101 = this.daysToYear(hyear) + this.monthDays[hmonth] + hday - 1 - this.hijriAdjustment;
                        // 86400000 = ticks per day
                        var gdate = new Date(daysSinceJan0101 * 86400000 - this.ticks1970);
                        // adjust for timezone, because we are interested in the gregorian date for the same timezone
                        // but ticks in javascript is always from GMT, unlike the server were ticks counts from the base
                        // date in the current timezone.
                        gdate.setMinutes(gdate.getMinutes() + gdate.getTimezoneOffset());
                        return gdate;
                    },
                    fromGregorian: function(gdate) {
                        if ((gdate < this.minDate) || (gdate > this.maxDate)) return null;
                        var ticks = this.ticks1970 + (gdate-0) - gdate.getTimezoneOffset() * 60000,
                            daysSinceJan0101 = Math.floor(ticks / 86400000) + 1 + this.hijriAdjustment;
                        // very particular formula determined by someone smart, adapted from the server-side implementation.
                        // it approximates the hijri year.
                        var hday, hmonth, hyear = Math.floor(((daysSinceJan0101 - 227013) * 30) / 10631) + 1,
                            absDays = this.daysToYear(hyear),
                            daysInYear = this.isLeapYear(hyear) ? 355 : 354;
                        // hyear is just approximate, it may need adjustment up or down by 1.
                        if (daysSinceJan0101 < absDays) {
                            hyear--;
                            absDays -= daysInYear;
                        }
                        else if (daysSinceJan0101 === absDays) {
                            hyear--;
                            absDays = this.daysToYear(hyear);
                        }
                        else {
                            if (daysSinceJan0101 > (absDays + daysInYear)) {
                                absDays += daysInYear;
                                hyear++;
                            }
                        }
                        // determine month by looking at how many days into the hyear we are
                        // monthDays contains the number of days up to each month.
                        hmonth = 0;
                        var daysIntoYear = daysSinceJan0101 - absDays;
                        while (hmonth <= 11 && daysIntoYear > this.monthDays[hmonth]) {
                            hmonth++;
                        }
                        hmonth--;
                        hday = daysIntoYear - this.monthDays[hmonth];
                        return [hyear, hmonth, hday];
                    },
                    daysToYear: function(year) {
                        // calculates how many days since Jan 1, 0001
                        var yearsToYear30 = Math.floor((year - 1) / 30) * 30,
                            yearsInto30 = year - yearsToYear30 - 1,
                            days = Math.floor((yearsToYear30 * 10631) / 30) + 227013;
                        while (yearsInto30 > 0) {
                            days += (this.isLeapYear(yearsInto30) ? 355 : 354);
                            yearsInto30--;
                        }
                        return days;
                    },
                    isLeapYear: function(year) {
                        return ((((year * 11) + 14) % 30) < 11);
                    }
                }
            }),
            UmAlQura: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                name: "UmAlQura",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesAbbr: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesShort: ["ح","ن","ث","ر","خ","ج","س"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["محرم","صفر","ربيع الأول","ربيع الثاني","جمادى الأولى","جمادى الثانية","رجب","شعبان","رمضان","شوال","ذو القعدة","ذو الحجة",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["محرم","صفر","ربيع الأول","ربيع الثاني","جمادى الأولى","جمادى الثانية","رجب","شعبان","رمضان","شوال","ذو القعدة","ذو الحجة",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                eras: [{"name":"بعد الهجرة","start":null,"offset":0}],
                twoDigitYearMax: 1451,
                patterns: {
                    d: "dd/MM/yy",
                    D: "dd/MMMM/yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dd/MMMM/yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dd/MMMM/yyyy H:mm:ss",
                    M: "dd MMMM"
                },
                convert: {
                    _yearInfo: [
                        // MonthLengthFlags, Gregorian Date
                        [746, -2198707200000],
                        [1769, -2168121600000],
                        [3794, -2137449600000],
                        [3748, -2106777600000],
                        [3402, -2076192000000],
                        [2710, -2045606400000],
                        [1334, -2015020800000],
                        [2741, -1984435200000],
                        [3498, -1953763200000],
                        [2980, -1923091200000],
                        [2889, -1892505600000],
                        [2707, -1861920000000],
                        [1323, -1831334400000],
                        [2647, -1800748800000],
                        [1206, -1770076800000],
                        [2741, -1739491200000],
                        [1450, -1708819200000],
                        [3413, -1678233600000],
                        [3370, -1647561600000],
                        [2646, -1616976000000],
                        [1198, -1586390400000],
                        [2397, -1555804800000],
                        [748, -1525132800000],
                        [1749, -1494547200000],
                        [1706, -1463875200000],
                        [1365, -1433289600000],
                        [1195, -1402704000000],
                        [2395, -1372118400000],
                        [698, -1341446400000],
                        [1397, -1310860800000],
                        [2994, -1280188800000],
                        [1892, -1249516800000],
                        [1865, -1218931200000],
                        [1621, -1188345600000],
                        [683, -1157760000000],
                        [1371, -1127174400000],
                        [2778, -1096502400000],
                        [1748, -1065830400000],
                        [3785, -1035244800000],
                        [3474, -1004572800000],
                        [3365, -973987200000],
                        [2637, -943401600000],
                        [685, -912816000000],
                        [1389, -882230400000],
                        [2922, -851558400000],
                        [2898, -820886400000],
                        [2725, -790300800000],
                        [2635, -759715200000],
                        [1175, -729129600000],
                        [2359, -698544000000],
                        [694, -667872000000],
                        [1397, -637286400000],
                        [3434, -606614400000],
                        [3410, -575942400000],
                        [2710, -545356800000],
                        [2349, -514771200000],
                        [605, -484185600000],
                        [1245, -453600000000],
                        [2778, -422928000000],
                        [1492, -392256000000],
                        [3497, -361670400000],
                        [3410, -330998400000],
                        [2730, -300412800000],
                        [1238, -269827200000],
                        [2486, -239241600000],
                        [884, -208569600000],
                        [1897, -177984000000],
                        [1874, -147312000000],
                        [1701, -116726400000],
                        [1355, -86140800000],
                        [2731, -55555200000],
                        [1370, -24883200000],
                        [2773, 5702400000],
                        [3538, 36374400000],
                        [3492, 67046400000],
                        [3401, 97632000000],
                        [2709, 128217600000],
                        [1325, 158803200000],
                        [2653, 189388800000],
                        [1370, 220060800000],
                        [2773, 250646400000],
                        [1706, 281318400000],
                        [1685, 311904000000],
                        [1323, 342489600000],
                        [2647, 373075200000],
                        [1198, 403747200000],
                        [2422, 434332800000],
                        [1388, 465004800000],
                        [2901, 495590400000],
                        [2730, 526262400000],
                        [2645, 556848000000],
                        [1197, 587433600000],
                        [2397, 618019200000],
                        [730, 648691200000],
                        [1497, 679276800000],
                        [3506, 709948800000],
                        [2980, 740620800000],
                        [2890, 771206400000],
                        [2645, 801792000000],
                        [693, 832377600000],
                        [1397, 862963200000],
                        [2922, 893635200000],
                        [3026, 924307200000],
                        [3012, 954979200000],
                        [2953, 985564800000],
                        [2709, 1016150400000],
                        [1325, 1046736000000],
                        [1453, 1077321600000],
                        [2922, 1107993600000],
                        [1748, 1138665600000],
                        [3529, 1169251200000],
                        [3474, 1199923200000],
                        [2726, 1230508800000],
                        [2390, 1261094400000],
                        [686, 1291680000000],
                        [1389, 1322265600000],
                        [874, 1352937600000],
                        [2901, 1383523200000],
                        [2730, 1414195200000],
                        [2381, 1444780800000],
                        [1181, 1475366400000],
                        [2397, 1505952000000],
                        [698, 1536624000000],
                        [1461, 1567209600000],
                        [1450, 1597881600000],
                        [3413, 1628467200000],
                        [2714, 1659139200000],
                        [2350, 1689724800000],
                        [622, 1720310400000],
                        [1373, 1750896000000],
                        [2778, 1781568000000],
                        [1748, 1812240000000],
                        [1701, 1842825600000],
                        [0, 1873411200000]
                    ],
                    minDate: -2198707200000,
                    maxDate: 1873411199999,
                    toGregorian: function(hyear, hmonth, hday) {
                        var days = hday - 1,
                            gyear = hyear - 1318;
                        if (gyear < 0 || gyear >= this._yearInfo.length) return null;
                        var info = this._yearInfo[gyear],
                            gdate = new Date(info[1]),
                            monthLength = info[0];
                        // Date's ticks in javascript are always from the GMT time,
                        // but we are interested in the gregorian date in the same timezone,
                        // not what the gregorian date was at GMT time, so we adjust for the offset.
                        gdate.setMinutes(gdate.getMinutes() + gdate.getTimezoneOffset());
                        for (var i = 0; i < hmonth; i++) {
                            days += 29 + (monthLength & 1);
                            monthLength = monthLength >> 1;
                        }
                        gdate.setDate(gdate.getDate() + days);
                        return gdate;
                    },
                    fromGregorian: function(gdate) {
                        // Date's ticks in javascript are always from the GMT time,
                        // but we are interested in the hijri date in the same timezone,
                        // not what the hijri date was at GMT time, so we adjust for the offset.
                        var ticks = gdate - gdate.getTimezoneOffset() * 60000;
                        if (ticks < this.minDate || ticks > this.maxDate) return null;
                        var hyear = 0,
                            hmonth = 1;
                        // find the earliest gregorian date in the array that is greater than or equal to the given date
                        while (ticks > this._yearInfo[++hyear][1]) { }
                        if (ticks !== this._yearInfo[hyear][1]) {
                            hyear--;
                        }
                        var info = this._yearInfo[hyear],
                            // how many days has it been since the date we found in the array?
                            // 86400000 = ticks per day
                            days = Math.floor((ticks - info[1]) / 86400000),
                            monthLength = info[0];
                        hyear += 1318; // the Nth array entry corresponds to hijri year 1318+N
                        // now increment day/month based on the total days, considering
                        // how many days are in each month. We cannot run past the year
                        // mark since we would have found a different array entry in that case.
                        var daysInMonth = 29 + (monthLength & 1);
                        while (days >= daysInMonth) {
                            days -= daysInMonth;
                            monthLength = monthLength >> 1;
                            daysInMonth = 29 + (monthLength & 1);
                            hmonth++;
                        }
                        // remaining days is less than is in one month, thus is the day of the month we landed on
                        // hmonth-1 because in javascript months are zero based, stay consistent with that.
                        return [hyear, hmonth - 1, days + 1];
                    }
                }
            }),
            Gregorian_MiddleEastFrench: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                name: "Gregorian_MiddleEastFrench",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["dimanche","lundi","mardi","mercredi","jeudi","vendredi","samedi"],
                    namesAbbr: ["dim.","lun.","mar.","mer.","jeu.","ven.","sam."],
                    namesShort: ["di","lu","ma","me","je","ve","sa"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["janvier","février","mars","avril","mai","juin","juillet","août","septembre","octobre","novembre","décembre",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["janv.","févr.","mars","avr.","mai","juin","juil.","août","sept.","oct.","nov.","déc.",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                eras: [{"name":"ap. J.-C.","start":null,"offset":0}],
                patterns: {
                    d: "MM/dd/yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm:ss",
                    M: "dd MMMM"
                }
            }),
            Gregorian_Arabic: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                name: "Gregorian_Arabic",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesAbbr: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesShort: ["ح","ن","ث","ر","خ","ج","س"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["كانون الثاني","شباط","آذار","نيسان","أيار","حزيران","تموز","آب","أيلول","تشرين الأول","تشرين الثاني","كانون الأول",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["كانون الثاني","شباط","آذار","نيسان","أيار","حزيران","تموز","آب","أيلول","تشرين الأول","تشرين الثاني","كانون الأول",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                eras: [{"name":"م","start":null,"offset":0}],
                patterns: {
                    d: "MM/dd/yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm:ss"
                }
            }),
            Gregorian_TransliteratedEnglish: $.extend(true, {}, standard, {
                name: "Gregorian_TransliteratedEnglish",
                firstDay: 6,
                days: {
                    names: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesAbbr: ["الأحد","الإثنين","الثلاثاء","الأربعاء","الخميس","الجمعة","السبت"],
                    namesShort: ["أ","ا","ث","أ","خ","ج","س"]
                },
                months: {
                    names: ["يناير","فبراير","مارس","أبريل","مايو","يونيو","يوليو","أغسطس","سبتمبر","أكتوبر","نوفمبر","ديسمبر",""],
                    namesAbbr: ["يناير","فبراير","مارس","ابريل","مايو","يونيو","يوليو","اغسطس","سبتمبر","اكتوبر","نوفمبر","ديسمبر",""]
                },
                AM: ["ص","ص","ص"],
                PM: ["م","م","م"],
                eras: [{"name":"م","start":null,"offset":0}],
                patterns: {
                    d: "MM/dd/yyyy",
                    t: "H:mm",
                    T: "H:mm:ss",
                    f: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm",
                    F: "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy H:mm:ss"
                }
            })
        }
    }, cultures["ar-DZ"]);
    culture.calendar = culture.calendars.standard;
})(jQuery);

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About the Author

Brij
Software Developer (Senior)
India India
Brij is a 3-times Microsoft MVP in ASP.NET/IIS Category and a passionate .NET developer. More than 6 years of experience in IT field, currently serving a MNC as a Tech Lead/Architect.

He is a very passionate .NET developer and have expertise over Web technologies like ASP.NET 2.0/3.5/4.0, jQuery, JSON, Javascript, IIS and related technologies. He is also a Exchange Server (EWS) Specialist. He has great experience in design patterns and N-Tier Architecture.

He is also certified as Microsoft Certified Technologies Specialist-ASP.NET and Microsoft Certified Technologies Specialist-WCF in .NET 4.0. He has also received several awards at various forums and his various articles got listed as "Article of the day" at ASP.NET Microsoft Official Website www.asp.net.

He has done MCA from NIT Durgapur and completed his graduation from Lucknow University.

Learning new technologies and sharing knowledge excites him most. Blogging, solving problems at various forums, helping people, keeps him busy entire day.


Visit his Blog: Code Wala

Area of Expertise :
C#, ASP.NET 2.0,3.5,4.0, AJAX, JQuery, JSON, XML, XSLT, ADO.Net, WCF, Active Directory, Exchange Server 2007 (EWS), Java script, Web Services ,Win services, DotnetNuke, WSS 3.0,Sharepoint Designer, SQL Server 2000/2005/2008

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