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DNS.NET Resolver (C#)

, 11 Mar 2013
A full implementation of a reusable DNS resolver component and a Dig.Net example application.
Article_Demo.zip
Article_Demo
DnsDig.exe
nunit.framework.dll
article_src-noexe.zip
DnsDig
DnsDig.suo
DnsDig
bin
Debug
Article_Demo.zip
DnsDig.vshost.exe.manifest
Dns
Records
NotUsed
Obsolete
Root
DnsDig.csproj.user
Doc
obj
Debug
DnsDig.AboutForm.resources
DnsDig.MainForm.resources
DnsDig.Properties.Resources.resources
Properties
Settings.settings
article_src.zip
DnsDig.suo
Article_Demo.zip
DnsDig.exe
DnsDig.pdb
DnsDig.vshost.exe
DnsDig.vshost.exe.manifest
nunit.framework.dll
Release
DnsDig.csproj.user
DesignTimeResolveAssemblyReferencesInput.cache
DnsDig.AboutForm.resources
DnsDig.csproj.GenerateResource.Cache
DnsDig.csprojResolveAssemblyReference.cache
DnsDig.exe
DnsDig.MainForm.resources
DnsDig.pdb
DnsDig.Properties.Resources.resources
TempPE
Properties.Resources.Designer.cs.dll
Settings.settings
article_src.zip.zip
DnsDig.suo
DnsDig.csproj.user
DnsExperiment.AboutForm.resources
DnsExperiment.csproj.GenerateResource.Cache
DnsExperiment.MainForm.resources
DnsExperiment.Properties.Resources.resources
Refactor
Properties.Resources.Designer.cs.dll
Settings.settings
using System;
using System.Text;
/*
 * http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1876.txt
 * 
2. RDATA Format

       MSB                                           LSB
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      0|        VERSION        |         SIZE          |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      2|       HORIZ PRE       |       VERT PRE        |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      4|                   LATITUDE                    |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      6|                   LATITUDE                    |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      8|                   LONGITUDE                   |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
     10|                   LONGITUDE                   |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
     12|                   ALTITUDE                    |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
     14|                   ALTITUDE                    |
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+

where:

VERSION      Version number of the representation.  This must be zero.
             Implementations are required to check this field and make
             no assumptions about the format of unrecognized versions.

SIZE         The diameter of a sphere enclosing the described entity, in
             centimeters, expressed as a pair of four-bit unsigned
             integers, each ranging from zero to nine, with the most
             significant four bits representing the base and the second
             number representing the power of ten by which to multiply
             the base.  This allows sizes from 0e0 (<1cm) to 9e9
             (90,000km) to be expressed.  This representation was chosen
             such that the hexadecimal representation can be read by
             eye; 0x15 = 1e5.  Four-bit values greater than 9 are
             undefined, as are values with a base of zero and a non-zero
             exponent.

             Since 20000000m (represented by the value 0x29) is greater
             than the equatorial diameter of the WGS 84 ellipsoid
             (12756274m), it is therefore suitable for use as a
             "worldwide" size.

HORIZ PRE    The horizontal precision of the data, in centimeters,
             expressed using the same representation as SIZE.  This is
             the diameter of the horizontal "circle of error", rather
             than a "plus or minus" value.  (This was chosen to match
             the interpretation of SIZE; to get a "plus or minus" value,
             divide by 2.)

VERT PRE     The vertical precision of the data, in centimeters,
             expressed using the sane representation as for SIZE.  This
             is the total potential vertical error, rather than a "plus
             or minus" value.  (This was chosen to match the
             interpretation of SIZE; to get a "plus or minus" value,
             divide by 2.)  Note that if altitude above or below sea
             level is used as an approximation for altitude relative to
             the [WGS 84] ellipsoid, the precision value should be
             adjusted.

LATITUDE     The latitude of the center of the sphere described by the
             SIZE field, expressed as a 32-bit integer, most significant
             octet first (network standard byte order), in thousandths
             of a second of arc.  2^31 represents the equator; numbers
             above that are north latitude.

LONGITUDE    The longitude of the center of the sphere described by the
             SIZE field, expressed as a 32-bit integer, most significant
             octet first (network standard byte order), in thousandths
             of a second of arc, rounded away from the prime meridian.
             2^31 represents the prime meridian; numbers above that are
             east longitude.

ALTITUDE     The altitude of the center of the sphere described by the
             SIZE field, expressed as a 32-bit integer, most significant
             octet first (network standard byte order), in centimeters,
             from a base of 100,000m below the [WGS 84] reference
             spheroid used by GPS (semimajor axis a=6378137.0,
             reciprocal flattening rf=298.257223563).  Altitude above
             (or below) sea level may be used as an approximation of
             altitude relative to the the [WGS 84] spheroid, though due
             to the Earth's surface not being a perfect spheroid, there
             will be differences.  (For example, the geoid (which sea
             level approximates) for the continental US ranges from 10
             meters to 50 meters below the [WGS 84] spheroid.
             Adjustments to ALTITUDE and/or VERT PRE will be necessary
             in most cases.  The Defense Mapping Agency publishes geoid
             height values relative to the [WGS 84] ellipsoid.

 */

namespace Heijden.DNS
{
	public class RecordLOC : Record
	{
		public byte VERSION;
		public byte SIZE;
		public byte HORIZPRE;
		public byte VERTPRE;
		public UInt32 LATITUDE;
		public UInt32 LONGITUDE;
		public UInt32 ALTITUDE;

		private string SizeToString(byte s)
		{
			string strUnit = "cm";
			int intBase = s >> 4;
			int intPow = s & 0x0f;
			if (intPow >= 2)
			{
				intPow -= 2;
				strUnit = "m";
			}
			/*
			if (intPow >= 3)
			{
				intPow -= 3;
				strUnit = "km";
			}
			*/
			StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
			sb.AppendFormat("{0}", intBase);
			for (; intPow > 0; intPow--)
				sb.Append('0');
			sb.Append(strUnit);
			return sb.ToString();
		}

		private string LonToTime(UInt32 r)
		{
			UInt32 Mid = 2147483648; // 2^31
			char Dir = 'E';
			if (r > Mid)
			{
				Dir = 'W';
				r -= Mid;
			}
			double h = r / (360000.0 * 10.0);
			double m = 60.0 * (h - (int)h);
			double s = 60.0 * (m - (int)m);
			return string.Format("{0} {1} {2:0.000} {3}", (int)h, (int)m, s, Dir);
		}

		private string ToTime(UInt32 r, char Below,char Above)
		{
			UInt32 Mid = 2147483648; // 2^31
			char Dir = '?';
			if (r > Mid)
			{
				Dir = Above;
				r -= Mid;
			}
			else
			{
				Dir = Below;
				r = Mid - r;
			}
			double h = r / (360000.0 * 10.0);
			double m = 60.0 * (h - (int)h);
			double s = 60.0 * (m - (int)m);
			return string.Format("{0} {1} {2:0.000} {3}", (int)h, (int)m, s, Dir);
		}

		private string ToAlt(UInt32 a)
		{
			double alt = (a / 100.0) - 100000.00;
			return string.Format("{0:0.00}m", alt);
		}

		public RecordLOC(RecordReader rr)
		{
			VERSION = rr.ReadByte(); // must be 0!
			SIZE = rr.ReadByte();
			HORIZPRE = rr.ReadByte();
			VERTPRE = rr.ReadByte();
			LATITUDE = rr.ReadUInt32();
			LONGITUDE = rr.ReadUInt32();
			ALTITUDE = rr.ReadUInt32();
		}

		public override string ToString()
		{
			return string.Format("{0} {1} {2} {3} {4} {5}",
				ToTime(LATITUDE,'S','N'),
				ToTime(LONGITUDE,'W','E'),
				ToAlt(ALTITUDE),
				SizeToString(SIZE),
				SizeToString(HORIZPRE),
				SizeToString(VERTPRE));
		}

	}
}

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About the Author

Alphons van der Heijden
Retired Van der Heijden Holding BV
Netherlands Netherlands
I'm Alphons van der Heijden, living in Lelystad, Netherlands, Europa, Earth. And currently I'm retiring from hard working ( ;- ), owning my own company. Because I'm full of energy, and a little to young to relax ...., I don't sit down, but create and recreate software solutions, that I like. Reinventing the wheel is my second nature. My interest is in the area of Internet technologies, .NET etc. I was there in 1992 when Mosaic came out, and from that point, my life changed dramatically, and so did the world, in fact. (Y)

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