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Tile, center and stretch a bitmap as your MFC dialog background

, 6 Jun 2002 CPOL
A small CDialog derived class that helps avoid frequent copy/pasting of the same code, when using a bitmap as dialog background
// BitmapDialogDlg.cpp : implementation file
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "BitmapDialog.h"
#include "BitmapDialogDlg.h"

#ifdef _DEBUG
#define new DEBUG_NEW
#undef THIS_FILE
static char THIS_FILE[] = __FILE__;
#endif

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CBitmapDialogDlg dialog

CBitmapDialogDlg::CBitmapDialogDlg(CWnd* pParent /*=NULL*/)
	: CBDialog(CBitmapDialogDlg::IDD, pParent)
{
	//{{AFX_DATA_INIT(CBitmapDialogDlg)
		// NOTE: the ClassWizard will add member initialization here
	//}}AFX_DATA_INIT
	// Note that LoadIcon does not require a subsequent DestroyIcon in Win32
	m_hIcon = AfxGetApp()->LoadIcon(IDR_MAINFRAME);
}

void CBitmapDialogDlg::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)
{
	CBDialog::DoDataExchange(pDX);
	//{{AFX_DATA_MAP(CBitmapDialogDlg)
		// NOTE: the ClassWizard will add DDX and DDV calls here
	//}}AFX_DATA_MAP
}

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CBitmapDialogDlg, CBDialog)
	//{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CBitmapDialogDlg)
	ON_WM_PAINT()
	ON_WM_QUERYDRAGICON()
	ON_BN_CLICKED(IDC_BUTTON1, OnTile)
	ON_BN_CLICKED(IDC_BUTTON2, OnCenter)
	ON_BN_CLICKED(IDC_BUTTON3, OnStretch)
	//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CBitmapDialogDlg message handlers

BOOL CBitmapDialogDlg::OnInitDialog()
{
	CBDialog::OnInitDialog();

	// Set the icon for this dialog.  The framework does this automatically
	//  when the application's main window is not a dialog
	SetIcon(m_hIcon, TRUE);			// Set big icon
	SetIcon(m_hIcon, FALSE);		// Set small icon
	
	// TODO: Add extra initialization here
	SetBitmapStyle(StyleTile);
	SetBitmap(IDB_BITMAP1);
	return TRUE;  // return TRUE  unless you set the focus to a control
}

// If you add a minimize button to your dialog, you will need the code below
//  to draw the icon.  For MFC applications using the document/view model,
//  this is automatically done for you by the framework.

void CBitmapDialogDlg::OnPaint() 
{
	if (IsIconic())
	{
		CPaintDC dc(this); // device context for painting

		SendMessage(WM_ICONERASEBKGND, (WPARAM) dc.GetSafeHdc(), 0);

		// Center icon in client rectangle
		int cxIcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXICON);
		int cyIcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYICON);
		CRect rect;
		GetClientRect(&rect);
		int x = (rect.Width() - cxIcon + 1) / 2;
		int y = (rect.Height() - cyIcon + 1) / 2;

		// Draw the icon
		dc.DrawIcon(x, y, m_hIcon);
	}
	else
	{
		CBDialog::OnPaint();
	}
}

// The system calls this to obtain the cursor to display while the user drags
//  the minimized window.
HCURSOR CBitmapDialogDlg::OnQueryDragIcon()
{
	return (HCURSOR) m_hIcon;
}

void CBitmapDialogDlg::OnTile() 
{
	SetBitmapStyle(StyleTile);
	Invalidate();
}

void CBitmapDialogDlg::OnCenter() 
{
	SetBitmapStyle(StyleCenter);
	Invalidate();
	
}

void CBitmapDialogDlg::OnStretch() 
{
	SetBitmapStyle(StyleStretch);
	Invalidate();
}

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This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Nish Nishant
United States United States
Nish Nishant is a Software Architect/Consultant based out of Columbus, Ohio. He has over 16 years of software industry experience in various roles including Lead Software Architect, Principal Software Engineer, and Product Manager. Nish is a recipient of the annual Microsoft Visual C++ MVP Award since 2002 (14 consecutive awards as of 2015).

Nish is an industry acknowledged expert in the Microsoft technology stack. He authored
C++/CLI in Action for Manning Publications in 2005, and had previously co-authored
Extending MFC Applications with the .NET Framework for Addison Wesley in 2003. In addition, he has over 140 published technology articles on CodeProject.com and another 250+ blog articles on his
WordPress blog. Nish is vastly experienced in team management, mentoring teams, and directing all stages of software development.

Contact Nish : You can reach Nish on his google email id voidnish.

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