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Printing Documents from C# using OpenOffice Writer

, 7 May 2008
Simple printing solution based on OpenOffice suite
odf_printing.zip
odf_printing
bin
Debug
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdfPrinting.exe
sample.ods
sample.odt
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdfPrinting.csproj.user
odf_printing_v2.zip
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdfPrinting.exe
sample.ods
sample.odt
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdfPrinting.csproj.user
odt_printing.zip
odt_printing
bin
Debug
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdtPrinting.exe
sample.odt
ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll
OdtPrinting.csproj.user
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Text;
using System.Collections;
using System.Diagnostics;

using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib;
using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip;

	// Class for printing of odt files in OpenOffice
public class Odt
{
	public static string OoExe;			// path to soffice.exe
	public static string SaveDir;		// default directory, where documents are saved before printing

	private string templateFile;
	private XmlDocument doc;
	OdtDocFields inputs;

	public Odt(string odtFile)
	{
		Load(odtFile);
	}

	#region OoExe

	static void SetOoExe(string path)
	{
		if(OoExe == null && File.Exists(path))
		{
			OoExe = path;
		}
	}

	static Odt()
	{
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.3\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.2\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.0\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 3.2\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 3.1\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 3.0\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.6\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.5\program\soffice.exe");
		SetOoExe(@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.4\program\soffice.exe");

		SaveDir = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.LocalApplicationData);
	}

	#endregion

	#region Collections

	// Collection used to access document input fields
	public class OdtDocFields
	{
		private Odt odt;
		private Hashtable ht;
		private string[] fieldNames;

		public OdtDocFields(Odt odt)
		{
			this.odt = odt;
			this.ht = new Hashtable();
		}

		public int Count
		{
			get
			{
				return ht.Count;
			}
		}

		public string this[string fieldName]
		{
			get
			{
				return ((XmlNode)(ht[fieldName])).InnerText;
			}
			set
			{
				((XmlNode)(ht[fieldName])).InnerText = (string) value;
			}
		}

		public void AddNode(XmlNode node)
		{
			string desc = node.Attributes["text:description"].Value;
			ht[desc] = node;
		}

		public string[] FieldNames
		{
			get
			{
				if(fieldNames == null)
				{
					fieldNames = new string[ht.Count];
					ht.Keys.CopyTo(fieldNames, 0);
				}
				return fieldNames;
			}
		}
	}

	#endregion

	public OdtDocFields Inputs
	{
		get
		{
			return inputs;
		}
	}

	public void Load(string odtTemplateFile)
	{
		this.templateFile = odtTemplateFile;

		// Read content.xml
		using(ZipInputStream zis = new ZipInputStream(File.OpenRead(templateFile)))
		{
			ZipEntry ze;
			while((ze = zis.GetNextEntry()) != null)
			{
				if(ze.Name == "content.xml")
				{
					StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(zis, Encoding.UTF8);
					string text = sr.ReadToEnd();
					doc = new XmlDocument();
					doc.LoadXml(text);
					break;
				}
			}
		}

		// Add all input fields in collection
		inputs = new OdtDocFields(this);
		PopulateInputs(doc.DocumentElement);
	}

	private void PopulateInputs(XmlNode node)
	{
		if(node.Name == "text:text-input")
		{
			inputs.AddNode(node);
		}
		foreach(XmlNode child in node.ChildNodes)
		{
			PopulateInputs(child);
		}
	}

	public void Save(string fileName)
	{
		int count;
		byte[] buf = new byte[4096];
		DateTime now = DateTime.Now;

		using(ZipInputStream zis = new ZipInputStream(File.OpenRead(templateFile)))
		{
			using(ZipOutputStream zos = new ZipOutputStream(File.OpenWrite(fileName)))
			{
				ZipEntry ze;
				while((ze = zis.GetNextEntry()) != null)
				{
					ZipEntry entry = new ZipEntry(ze.Name);
					entry.DateTime = now;
					zos.PutNextEntry(entry);

					if(ze.Name == "content.xml")
					{
						string text = doc.OuterXml;
						byte[] textBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(text);
						zos.Write(textBytes, 0, textBytes.Length);
					}
					else
					{
						while((count = zis.Read(buf, 0, buf.Length)) > 0)
						{
							zos.Write(buf, 0, count);
						}
					}
				}

				zos.Finish();
			}
		}
	}

	private Process RunOo(string args)
	{
		if(OoExe == null)
		{
			throw new Exception("OpenOffice not found - either not installed or at unknown path");
		}

		Process p = new Process();
		p.StartInfo.FileName = OoExe;
		p.StartInfo.WorkingDirectory = Path.GetDirectoryName(OoExe);
		p.StartInfo.Arguments = "-writer " + args;
		p.Start();
		return p;
	}

	private Process RunOo(string args, string fileName)
	{
		return RunOo(args + " \"" + fileName + "\"");
	}

	private string GetTmpFile()
	{
		string fileName;
		int no = 0;
			
		// Find unique name in the SaveDir
		do
		{
			fileName = Path.Combine(SaveDir, String.Format("{0}_{1:yyyy_MM_dd_HH_mm}{2}.odt",
				Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(templateFile),
				DateTime.Now,
				no == 0 ? "" : "(" + (no++) + ")"));
		}
		while(File.Exists(fileName));
		return fileName;
	}

	public void Print(string fileToSave)
	{
		Save(fileToSave);
		RunOo("-p", fileToSave);
	}

	public void Print()
	{
		Print(GetTmpFile());
	}

	public void OpenInOo(string fileToSave)
	{
		Save(fileToSave);
		RunOo("", fileToSave);
	}

	public void OpenInOo()
	{
		OpenInOo(GetTmpFile());
	}
}

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License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The BSD License

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About the Author

psonek
Software Developer ODP-software spol. s r. o.
Czech Republic Czech Republic
Started programming on Z80. Later on PC i started playing with Linux and joined the DotGNU project. Here i implemented debugger and fixed a few easy bugs. I have also started project PortableStudio which will be DotGNU's IDE. At work i am developing ticket system for Czech Railways and systems for on board sales for Czech Airways.

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