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Small LINQ to JSON Library

, 6 Dec 2011 CPOL
A small LinqToJSON library in C#, and how it works
using System.Text;
using System;

namespace Ranslant.JSON.Linq
{
	internal sealed class Utilities
	{
        internal static string MakeIndent(int indentlevel)
        {
            if (indentlevel < 0)
                throw new Exception("indentLevel must be >= 0");

            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            for (int i = 0; i < indentlevel; i++)
            {
                sb.Append("\t");
            }

            return sb.ToString();
        }

        internal static string MakeJSONTextLine(string indent, bool addSeparator, string content)
        {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append(indent);
            sb.Append(content);
            
            if (addSeparator)
                sb.Append(JToken.ValuesSeparator);

            sb.AppendLine();

            return sb.ToString();
        }

        // UTF8: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-8#Byte_order_mark
        // UTF16: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-16#Byte_order_encoding_schemes
        /// <summary>
        /// Tries to detect the encoding scheme based on the Byte Order Mark
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="data">the data to be checked</param>
        /// <returns>the passing encoding, if found. An exception is thrown otherwise </returns>
        internal static Encoding TryDetectEncoding(byte[] data)
        {
            Encoding encoding;

            // I use these constructs rather than directly the byte values to be sure I have the right content
            // Maybe I should store that somewhere as static to save on performance, but I do not see this needed for now
            byte[] byteOrderMarkUTF8 = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetPreamble();
            byte[] byteOrderMarkUTF16BE = new UnicodeEncoding(true, true).GetPreamble();
            byte[] byteOrderMarkUTF16LE = new UnicodeEncoding(false, true).GetPreamble();

            if (data.StartsWith(byteOrderMarkUTF8)) //if (bytes[0] == 0xEF && bytes[1] == 0xBB && bytes[2] == 0xBF)
            {
                encoding = new UTF8Encoding(true);
            }
            else
            {
                // UTF16 Big endian
                if (data.StartsWith(byteOrderMarkUTF16BE)) //if (bytes[0] == 0xFE && bytes[1] == 0xFF)
                {
                    encoding = new UnicodeEncoding(true, false);
                }
                else
                {
                    // UTF16 - little endian
                    if (data.StartsWith(byteOrderMarkUTF16LE)) //if (bytes[0] == 0xFF && bytes[1] == 0xFE)
                    {
                        encoding = new UnicodeEncoding(false, false);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // we hope we have ASCII
                        // the first char has to be between 0x00 and 0x7f, and so does the next one.
                        // Indeed, if it would be 0x00, then we could have UTF 8/16/32. For instance,
                        // we could have: 0x7B 0x00 as the first two chars, and this is definitely NOT Ascii
                        if (data[0] < 0x7F && data[0] > 0x00 && data[1] < 0x7F && data[1] > 0x00)
                        {
                            encoding = new ASCIIEncoding();
                        }
                        else
                            throw new JsonException("encoding of the data could not be detected. Please provide the encoder");
                    }
                }
            }
            return encoding;
        }
	}
}

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This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Guillaume Ranslant
Software Developer IPG
Germany Germany
since 2010: C# with WPF
since 2002: C++ (MFC / QT)
since 1995: C, Java, Pascal


"if a drummer can do it, anobody can" - Bruce Dickinson

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