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ASP.NET MVC 4 - Part [2] - Project Items

, 10 Mar 2013 CPOL
ASP.NET MVC project folder structure
InternetMVC4AppDefault-noexe.zip
InternetMVC4App
App_Browsers
BrowserFile1.browser
App_Start
Areas
Admin
Views
bin
Content
themes
base
images
ui-bg_flat_0_aaaaaa_40x100.png
ui-bg_flat_75_ffffff_40x100.png
ui-bg_glass_55_fbf9ee_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_65_ffffff_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_dadada_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_e6e6e6_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_95_fef1ec_1x400.png
ui-bg_highlight-soft_75_cccccc_1x100.png
ui-icons_222222_256x240.png
ui-icons_2e83ff_256x240.png
ui-icons_454545_256x240.png
ui-icons_888888_256x240.png
ui-icons_cd0a0a_256x240.png
minified
images
ui-bg_flat_0_aaaaaa_40x100.png
ui-bg_flat_75_ffffff_40x100.png
ui-bg_glass_55_fbf9ee_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_65_ffffff_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_dadada_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_e6e6e6_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_95_fef1ec_1x400.png
ui-bg_highlight-soft_75_cccccc_1x100.png
ui-icons_222222_256x240.png
ui-icons_2e83ff_256x240.png
ui-icons_454545_256x240.png
ui-icons_888888_256x240.png
ui-icons_cd0a0a_256x240.png
Controllers
favicon.ico
Filters
Global.asax
Images
accent.png
bullet.png
heroAccent.png
orderedList0.png
orderedList1.png
orderedList2.png
orderedList3.png
orderedList4.png
orderedList5.png
orderedList6.png
orderedList7.png
orderedList8.png
orderedList9.png
InternetMVC4App.csproj.user
Models
obj
Debug
Properties
AssemblyInfo.cs1
Scripts
Views
Account
Home
Shared
InternetMVC4App.v11.suo
InternetMVC4AppDefault.zip
BrowserFile1.browser
Antlr3.Runtime.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.AspNet.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.Core.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.OAuth.Consumer.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.OAuth.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.OpenId.dll
DotNetOpenAuth.OpenId.RelyingParty.dll
EntityFramework.dll
InternetMVC4App.dll
Microsoft.Web.Infrastructure.dll
Microsoft.Web.WebPages.OAuth.dll
Newtonsoft.Json.dll
System.Net.Http.Formatting.dll
System.Web.Helpers.dll
System.Web.Http.dll
System.Web.Http.WebHost.dll
System.Web.Mvc.dll
System.Web.Optimization.dll
System.Web.Razor.dll
System.Web.WebPages.Deployment.dll
System.Web.WebPages.dll
System.Web.WebPages.Razor.dll
WebGrease.dll
WebMatrix.Data.dll
WebMatrix.WebData.dll
ui-bg_flat_0_aaaaaa_40x100.png
ui-bg_flat_75_ffffff_40x100.png
ui-bg_glass_55_fbf9ee_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_65_ffffff_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_dadada_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_e6e6e6_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_95_fef1ec_1x400.png
ui-bg_highlight-soft_75_cccccc_1x100.png
ui-icons_222222_256x240.png
ui-icons_2e83ff_256x240.png
ui-icons_454545_256x240.png
ui-icons_888888_256x240.png
ui-icons_cd0a0a_256x240.png
ui-bg_flat_0_aaaaaa_40x100.png
ui-bg_flat_75_ffffff_40x100.png
ui-bg_glass_55_fbf9ee_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_65_ffffff_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_dadada_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_75_e6e6e6_1x400.png
ui-bg_glass_95_fef1ec_1x400.png
ui-bg_highlight-soft_75_cccccc_1x100.png
ui-icons_222222_256x240.png
ui-icons_2e83ff_256x240.png
ui-icons_454545_256x240.png
ui-icons_888888_256x240.png
ui-icons_cd0a0a_256x240.png
favicon.ico
Global.asax
accent.png
bullet.png
heroAccent.png
orderedList0.png
orderedList1.png
orderedList2.png
orderedList3.png
orderedList4.png
orderedList5.png
orderedList6.png
orderedList7.png
orderedList8.png
orderedList9.png
InternetMVC4App.csproj.user
InternetMVC4App.dll
AssemblyInfo.cs1
InternetMVC4App.v11.suo
/*!
 * Modernizr v2.5.3
 * www.modernizr.com
 *
 * Copyright (c) Faruk Ates, Paul Irish, Alex Sexton
 * Available under the BSD and MIT licenses: www.modernizr.com/license/
 */

/*
 * Modernizr tests which native CSS3 and HTML5 features are available in
 * the current UA and makes the results available to you in two ways:
 * as properties on a global Modernizr object, and as classes on the
 * <html> element. This information allows you to progressively enhance
 * your pages with a granular level of control over the experience.
 *
 * Modernizr has an optional (not included) conditional resource loader
 * called Modernizr.load(), based on Yepnope.js (yepnopejs.com).
 * To get a build that includes Modernizr.load(), as well as choosing
 * which tests to include, go to www.modernizr.com/download/
 *
 * Authors        Faruk Ates, Paul Irish, Alex Sexton
 * Contributors   Ryan Seddon, Ben Alman
 */

window.Modernizr = (function( window, document, undefined ) {

    var version = '2.5.3',

    Modernizr = {},
    
    // option for enabling the HTML classes to be added
    enableClasses = true,

    docElement = document.documentElement,

    /**
     * Create our "modernizr" element that we do most feature tests on.
     */
    mod = 'modernizr',
    modElem = document.createElement(mod),
    mStyle = modElem.style,

    /**
     * Create the input element for various Web Forms feature tests.
     */
    inputElem = document.createElement('input'),

    smile = ':)',

    toString = {}.toString,

    // List of property values to set for css tests. See ticket #21
    prefixes = ' -webkit- -moz- -o- -ms- '.split(' '),

    // Following spec is to expose vendor-specific style properties as:
    //   elem.style.WebkitBorderRadius
    // and the following would be incorrect:
    //   elem.style.webkitBorderRadius

    // Webkit ghosts their properties in lowercase but Opera & Moz do not.
    // Microsoft uses a lowercase `ms` instead of the correct `Ms` in IE8+
    //   erik.eae.net/archives/2008/03/10/21.48.10/

    // More here: github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/issue/21
    omPrefixes = 'Webkit Moz O ms',

    cssomPrefixes = omPrefixes.split(' '),

    domPrefixes = omPrefixes.toLowerCase().split(' '),

    ns = {'svg': 'http://www.w3.org/2000/svg'},

    tests = {},
    inputs = {},
    attrs = {},

    classes = [],

    slice = classes.slice,

    featureName, // used in testing loop


    // Inject element with style element and some CSS rules
    injectElementWithStyles = function( rule, callback, nodes, testnames ) {

      var style, ret, node,
          div = document.createElement('div'),
          // After page load injecting a fake body doesn't work so check if body exists
          body = document.body, 
          // IE6 and 7 won't return offsetWidth or offsetHeight unless it's in the body element, so we fake it.
          fakeBody = body ? body : document.createElement('body');

      if ( parseInt(nodes, 10) ) {
          // In order not to give false positives we create a node for each test
          // This also allows the method to scale for unspecified uses
          while ( nodes-- ) {
              node = document.createElement('div');
              node.id = testnames ? testnames[nodes] : mod + (nodes + 1);
              div.appendChild(node);
          }
      }

      // <style> elements in IE6-9 are considered 'NoScope' elements and therefore will be removed
      // when injected with innerHTML. To get around this you need to prepend the 'NoScope' element
      // with a 'scoped' element, in our case the soft-hyphen entity as it won't mess with our measurements.
      // msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms533897%28VS.85%29.aspx
      // Documents served as xml will throw if using &shy; so use xml friendly encoded version. See issue #277
      style = ['&#173;','<style>', rule, '</style>'].join('');
      div.id = mod;
      // IE6 will false positive on some tests due to the style element inside the test div somehow interfering offsetHeight, so insert it into body or fakebody.
      // Opera will act all quirky when injecting elements in documentElement when page is served as xml, needs fakebody too. #270
      fakeBody.innerHTML += style;
      fakeBody.appendChild(div);
      if(!body){
          //avoid crashing IE8, if background image is used
          fakeBody.style.background = "";
          docElement.appendChild(fakeBody);
      }

      ret = callback(div, rule);
      // If this is done after page load we don't want to remove the body so check if body exists
      !body ? fakeBody.parentNode.removeChild(fakeBody) : div.parentNode.removeChild(div);

      return !!ret;

    },


    // adapted from matchMedia polyfill
    // by Scott Jehl and Paul Irish
    // gist.github.com/786768
    testMediaQuery = function( mq ) {

      var matchMedia = window.matchMedia || window.msMatchMedia;
      if ( matchMedia ) {
        return matchMedia(mq).matches;
      }

      var bool;

      injectElementWithStyles('@media ' + mq + ' { #' + mod + ' { position: absolute; } }', function( node ) {
        bool = (window.getComputedStyle ?
                  getComputedStyle(node, null) :
                  node.currentStyle)['position'] == 'absolute';
      });

      return bool;

     },


    /**
      * isEventSupported determines if a given element supports the given event
      * function from yura.thinkweb2.com/isEventSupported/
      */
    isEventSupported = (function() {

      var TAGNAMES = {
        'select': 'input', 'change': 'input',
        'submit': 'form', 'reset': 'form',
        'error': 'img', 'load': 'img', 'abort': 'img'
      };

      function isEventSupported( eventName, element ) {

        element = element || document.createElement(TAGNAMES[eventName] || 'div');
        eventName = 'on' + eventName;

        // When using `setAttribute`, IE skips "unload", WebKit skips "unload" and "resize", whereas `in` "catches" those
        var isSupported = eventName in element;

        if ( !isSupported ) {
          // If it has no `setAttribute` (i.e. doesn't implement Node interface), try generic element
          if ( !element.setAttribute ) {
            element = document.createElement('div');
          }
          if ( element.setAttribute && element.removeAttribute ) {
            element.setAttribute(eventName, '');
            isSupported = is(element[eventName], 'function');

            // If property was created, "remove it" (by setting value to `undefined`)
            if ( !is(element[eventName], 'undefined') ) {
              element[eventName] = undefined;
            }
            element.removeAttribute(eventName);
          }
        }

        element = null;
        return isSupported;
      }
      return isEventSupported;
    })();

    // hasOwnProperty shim by kangax needed for Safari 2.0 support
    var _hasOwnProperty = ({}).hasOwnProperty, hasOwnProperty;
    if ( !is(_hasOwnProperty, 'undefined') && !is(_hasOwnProperty.call, 'undefined') ) {
      hasOwnProperty = function (object, property) {
        return _hasOwnProperty.call(object, property);
      };
    }
    else {
      hasOwnProperty = function (object, property) { /* yes, this can give false positives/negatives, but most of the time we don't care about those */
        return ((property in object) && is(object.constructor.prototype[property], 'undefined'));
      };
    }

    // Taken from ES5-shim https://github.com/kriskowal/es5-shim/blob/master/es5-shim.js
    // ES-5 15.3.4.5
    // http://es5.github.com/#x15.3.4.5

    if (!Function.prototype.bind) {
      
      Function.prototype.bind = function bind(that) {
        
        var target = this;
        
        if (typeof target != "function") {
            throw new TypeError();
        }
        
        var args = slice.call(arguments, 1),
            bound = function () {

            if (this instanceof bound) {
              
              var F = function(){};
              F.prototype = target.prototype;
              var self = new F;

              var result = target.apply(
                  self,
                  args.concat(slice.call(arguments))
              );
              if (Object(result) === result) {
                  return result;
              }
              return self;

            } else {
              
              return target.apply(
                  that,
                  args.concat(slice.call(arguments))
              );

            }

        };
        
        return bound;
      };
    }

    /**
     * setCss applies given styles to the Modernizr DOM node.
     */
    function setCss( str ) {
        mStyle.cssText = str;
    }

    /**
     * setCssAll extrapolates all vendor-specific css strings.
     */
    function setCssAll( str1, str2 ) {
        return setCss(prefixes.join(str1 + ';') + ( str2 || '' ));
    }

    /**
     * is returns a boolean for if typeof obj is exactly type.
     */
    function is( obj, type ) {
        return typeof obj === type;
    }

    /**
     * contains returns a boolean for if substr is found within str.
     */
    function contains( str, substr ) {
        return !!~('' + str).indexOf(substr);
    }

    /**
     * testProps is a generic CSS / DOM property test; if a browser supports
     *   a certain property, it won't return undefined for it.
     *   A supported CSS property returns empty string when its not yet set.
     */
    function testProps( props, prefixed ) {
        for ( var i in props ) {
            if ( mStyle[ props[i] ] !== undefined ) {
                return prefixed == 'pfx' ? props[i] : true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * testDOMProps is a generic DOM property test; if a browser supports
     *   a certain property, it won't return undefined for it.
     */
    function testDOMProps( props, obj, elem ) {
        for ( var i in props ) {
            var item = obj[props[i]];
            if ( item !== undefined) {

                // return the property name as a string
                if (elem === false) return props[i];

                // let's bind a function
                if (is(item, 'function')){
                  // default to autobind unless override
                  return item.bind(elem || obj);
                }
                
                // return the unbound function or obj or value
                return item;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * testPropsAll tests a list of DOM properties we want to check against.
     *   We specify literally ALL possible (known and/or likely) properties on
     *   the element including the non-vendor prefixed one, for forward-
     *   compatibility.
     */
    function testPropsAll( prop, prefixed, elem ) {

        var ucProp  = prop.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + prop.substr(1),
            props   = (prop + ' ' + cssomPrefixes.join(ucProp + ' ') + ucProp).split(' ');

        // did they call .prefixed('boxSizing') or are we just testing a prop?
        if(is(prefixed, "string") || is(prefixed, "undefined")) {
          return testProps(props, prefixed);

        // otherwise, they called .prefixed('requestAnimationFrame', window[, elem])
        } else {
          props = (prop + ' ' + (domPrefixes).join(ucProp + ' ') + ucProp).split(' ');
          return testDOMProps(props, prefixed, elem);
        }
    }

    /**
     * testBundle tests a list of CSS features that require element and style injection.
     *   By bundling them together we can reduce the need to touch the DOM multiple times.
     */
    /*>>testBundle*/
    var testBundle = (function( styles, tests ) {
        var style = styles.join(''),
            len = tests.length;

        injectElementWithStyles(style, function( node, rule ) {
            var style = document.styleSheets[document.styleSheets.length - 1],
                // IE8 will bork if you create a custom build that excludes both fontface and generatedcontent tests.
                // So we check for cssRules and that there is a rule available
                // More here: github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/288 & github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/293
                cssText = style ? (style.cssRules && style.cssRules[0] ? style.cssRules[0].cssText : style.cssText || '') : '',
                children = node.childNodes, hash = {};

            while ( len-- ) {
                hash[children[len].id] = children[len];
            }

             /*>>touch*/          Modernizr['touch'] = ('ontouchstart' in window) || window.DocumentTouch && document instanceof DocumentTouch || (hash['touch'] && hash['touch'].offsetTop) === 9; /*>>touch*/
            /*>>csstransforms3d*/ Modernizr['csstransforms3d'] = (hash['csstransforms3d'] && hash['csstransforms3d'].offsetLeft) === 9 && hash['csstransforms3d'].offsetHeight === 3;          /*>>csstransforms3d*/
            /*>>generatedcontent*/Modernizr['generatedcontent'] = (hash['generatedcontent'] && hash['generatedcontent'].offsetHeight) >= 1;       /*>>generatedcontent*/
            /*>>fontface*/        Modernizr['fontface'] = /src/i.test(cssText) &&
                                                                  cssText.indexOf(rule.split(' ')[0]) === 0;        /*>>fontface*/
        }, len, tests);

    })([
        // Pass in styles to be injected into document
        /*>>fontface*/        '@font-face {font-family:"font";src:url("https://")}'         /*>>fontface*/
        
        /*>>touch*/           ,['@media (',prefixes.join('touch-enabled),('),mod,')',
                                '{#touch{top:9px;position:absolute}}'].join('')           /*>>touch*/
                                
        /*>>csstransforms3d*/ ,['@media (',prefixes.join('transform-3d),('),mod,')',
                                '{#csstransforms3d{left:9px;position:absolute;height:3px;}}'].join('')/*>>csstransforms3d*/
                                
        /*>>generatedcontent*/,['#generatedcontent:after{content:"',smile,'";visibility:hidden}'].join('')  /*>>generatedcontent*/
    ],
      [
        /*>>fontface*/        'fontface'          /*>>fontface*/
        /*>>touch*/           ,'touch'            /*>>touch*/
        /*>>csstransforms3d*/ ,'csstransforms3d'  /*>>csstransforms3d*/
        /*>>generatedcontent*/,'generatedcontent' /*>>generatedcontent*/
        
    ]);/*>>testBundle*/


    /**
     * Tests
     * -----
     */

    // The *new* flexbox
    // dev.w3.org/csswg/css3-flexbox

    tests['flexbox'] = function() {
      return testPropsAll('flexOrder');
    };

    // The *old* flexbox
    // www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-css3-flexbox-20090723/

    tests['flexbox-legacy'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('boxDirection');
    };

    // On the S60 and BB Storm, getContext exists, but always returns undefined
    // so we actually have to call getContext() to verify
    // github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/issue/97/

    tests['canvas'] = function() {
        var elem = document.createElement('canvas');
        return !!(elem.getContext && elem.getContext('2d'));
    };

    tests['canvastext'] = function() {
        return !!(Modernizr['canvas'] && is(document.createElement('canvas').getContext('2d').fillText, 'function'));
    };

    // this test initiates a new webgl context. 
    // webk.it/70117 is tracking a legit feature detect proposal
    
    tests['webgl'] = function() {
        try {
            var canvas = document.createElement('canvas'),
                ret;
            ret = !!(window.WebGLRenderingContext && (canvas.getContext('experimental-webgl') || canvas.getContext('webgl')));
            canvas = undefined;
        } catch (e){
            ret = false;
        }
        return ret;
    };

    /*
     * The Modernizr.touch test only indicates if the browser supports
     *    touch events, which does not necessarily reflect a touchscreen
     *    device, as evidenced by tablets running Windows 7 or, alas,
     *    the Palm Pre / WebOS (touch) phones.
     *
     * Additionally, Chrome (desktop) used to lie about its support on this,
     *    but that has since been rectified: crbug.com/36415
     *
     * We also test for Firefox 4 Multitouch Support.
     *
     * For more info, see: modernizr.github.com/Modernizr/touch.html
     */

    tests['touch'] = function() {
        return Modernizr['touch'];
    };

    /**
     * geolocation tests for the new Geolocation API specification.
     *   This test is a standards compliant-only test; for more complete
     *   testing, including a Google Gears fallback, please see:
     *   code.google.com/p/geo-location-javascript/
     * or view a fallback solution using google's geo API:
     *   gist.github.com/366184
     */
    tests['geolocation'] = function() {
        return !!navigator.geolocation;
    };

    // Per 1.6:
    // This used to be Modernizr.crosswindowmessaging but the longer
    // name has been deprecated in favor of a shorter and property-matching one.
    // The old API is still available in 1.6, but as of 2.0 will throw a warning,
    // and in the first release thereafter disappear entirely.
    tests['postmessage'] = function() {
      return !!window.postMessage;
    };


    // Chrome incognito mode used to throw an exception when using openDatabase 
    // It doesn't anymore.
    tests['websqldatabase'] = function() {
      return !!window.openDatabase;
    };

    // Vendors had inconsistent prefixing with the experimental Indexed DB:
    // - Webkit's implementation is accessible through webkitIndexedDB
    // - Firefox shipped moz_indexedDB before FF4b9, but since then has been mozIndexedDB
    // For speed, we don't test the legacy (and beta-only) indexedDB
    tests['indexedDB'] = function() {
      return !!testPropsAll("indexedDB",window);
    };

    // documentMode logic from YUI to filter out IE8 Compat Mode
    //   which false positives.
    tests['hashchange'] = function() {
      return isEventSupported('hashchange', window) && (document.documentMode === undefined || document.documentMode > 7);
    };

    // Per 1.6:
    // This used to be Modernizr.historymanagement but the longer
    // name has been deprecated in favor of a shorter and property-matching one.
    // The old API is still available in 1.6, but as of 2.0 will throw a warning,
    // and in the first release thereafter disappear entirely.
    tests['history'] = function() {
      return !!(window.history && history.pushState);
    };

    tests['draganddrop'] = function() {
        var div = document.createElement('div');
        return ('draggable' in div) || ('ondragstart' in div && 'ondrop' in div);
    };

    // FIXME: Once FF10 is sunsetted, we can drop prefixed MozWebSocket
    // bugzil.la/695635
    tests['websockets'] = function() {
        for ( var i = -1, len = cssomPrefixes.length; ++i < len; ){
          if ( window[cssomPrefixes[i] + 'WebSocket'] ){
            return true;
          }
        }
        return 'WebSocket' in window;
    };


    // css-tricks.com/rgba-browser-support/
    tests['rgba'] = function() {
        // Set an rgba() color and check the returned value

        setCss('background-color:rgba(150,255,150,.5)');

        return contains(mStyle.backgroundColor, 'rgba');
    };

    tests['hsla'] = function() {
        // Same as rgba(), in fact, browsers re-map hsla() to rgba() internally,
        //   except IE9 who retains it as hsla

        setCss('background-color:hsla(120,40%,100%,.5)');

        return contains(mStyle.backgroundColor, 'rgba') || contains(mStyle.backgroundColor, 'hsla');
    };

    tests['multiplebgs'] = function() {
        // Setting multiple images AND a color on the background shorthand property
        //  and then querying the style.background property value for the number of
        //  occurrences of "url(" is a reliable method for detecting ACTUAL support for this!

        setCss('background:url(https://),url(https://),red url(https://)');

        // If the UA supports multiple backgrounds, there should be three occurrences
        //   of the string "url(" in the return value for elemStyle.background

        return /(url\s*\(.*?){3}/.test(mStyle.background);
    };


    // In testing support for a given CSS property, it's legit to test:
    //    `elem.style[styleName] !== undefined`
    // If the property is supported it will return an empty string,
    // if unsupported it will return undefined.

    // We'll take advantage of this quick test and skip setting a style
    // on our modernizr element, but instead just testing undefined vs
    // empty string.


    tests['backgroundsize'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('backgroundSize');
    };

    tests['borderimage'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('borderImage');
    };


    // Super comprehensive table about all the unique implementations of
    // border-radius: muddledramblings.com/table-of-css3-border-radius-compliance

    tests['borderradius'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('borderRadius');
    };

    // WebOS unfortunately false positives on this test.
    tests['boxshadow'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('boxShadow');
    };

    // FF3.0 will false positive on this test
    tests['textshadow'] = function() {
        return document.createElement('div').style.textShadow === '';
    };


    tests['opacity'] = function() {
        // Browsers that actually have CSS Opacity implemented have done so
        //  according to spec, which means their return values are within the
        //  range of [0.0,1.0] - including the leading zero.

        setCssAll('opacity:.55');

        // The non-literal . in this regex is intentional:
        //   German Chrome returns this value as 0,55
        // github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/#issue/59/comment/516632
        return /^0.55$/.test(mStyle.opacity);
    };


    // Note, Android < 4 will pass this test, but can only animate 
    //   a single property at a time
    //   daneden.me/2011/12/putting-up-with-androids-bullshit/
    tests['cssanimations'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('animationName');
    };


    tests['csscolumns'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('columnCount');
    };


    tests['cssgradients'] = function() {
        /**
         * For CSS Gradients syntax, please see:
         * webkit.org/blog/175/introducing-css-gradients/
         * developer.mozilla.org/en/CSS/-moz-linear-gradient
         * developer.mozilla.org/en/CSS/-moz-radial-gradient
         * dev.w3.org/csswg/css3-images/#gradients-
         */

        var str1 = 'background-image:',
            str2 = 'gradient(linear,left top,right bottom,from(#9f9),to(white));',
            str3 = 'linear-gradient(left top,#9f9, white);';

        setCss(
             // legacy webkit syntax (FIXME: remove when syntax not in use anymore)
              (str1 + '-webkit- '.split(' ').join(str2 + str1) 
             // standard syntax             // trailing 'background-image:' 
              + prefixes.join(str3 + str1)).slice(0, -str1.length)
        );

        return contains(mStyle.backgroundImage, 'gradient');
    };


    tests['cssreflections'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('boxReflect');
    };


    tests['csstransforms'] = function() {
        return !!testPropsAll('transform');
    };


    tests['csstransforms3d'] = function() {

        var ret = !!testPropsAll('perspective');

        // Webkit's 3D transforms are passed off to the browser's own graphics renderer.
        //   It works fine in Safari on Leopard and Snow Leopard, but not in Chrome in
        //   some conditions. As a result, Webkit typically recognizes the syntax but
        //   will sometimes throw a false positive, thus we must do a more thorough check:
        if ( ret && 'webkitPerspective' in docElement.style ) {

          // Webkit allows this media query to succeed only if the feature is enabled.
          // `@media (transform-3d),(-o-transform-3d),(-moz-transform-3d),(-ms-transform-3d),(-webkit-transform-3d),(modernizr){ ... }`
          ret = Modernizr['csstransforms3d'];
        }
        return ret;
    };


    tests['csstransitions'] = function() {
        return testPropsAll('transition');
    };


    /*>>fontface*/
    // @font-face detection routine by Diego Perini
    // javascript.nwbox.com/CSSSupport/

    // false positives in WebOS: github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/342
    tests['fontface'] = function() {
        return Modernizr['fontface'];
    };
    /*>>fontface*/

    // CSS generated content detection
    tests['generatedcontent'] = function() {
        return Modernizr['generatedcontent'];
    };



    // These tests evaluate support of the video/audio elements, as well as
    // testing what types of content they support.
    //
    // We're using the Boolean constructor here, so that we can extend the value
    // e.g.  Modernizr.video     // true
    //       Modernizr.video.ogg // 'probably'
    //
    // Codec values from : github.com/NielsLeenheer/html5test/blob/9106a8/index.html#L845
    //                     thx to NielsLeenheer and zcorpan

    // Note: in some older browsers, "no" was a return value instead of empty string.
    //   It was live in FF3.5.0 and 3.5.1, but fixed in 3.5.2
    //   It was also live in Safari 4.0.0 - 4.0.4, but fixed in 4.0.5

    tests['video'] = function() {
        var elem = document.createElement('video'),
            bool = false;
            
        // IE9 Running on Windows Server SKU can cause an exception to be thrown, bug #224
        try {
            if ( bool = !!elem.canPlayType ) {
                bool      = new Boolean(bool);
                bool.ogg  = elem.canPlayType('video/ogg; codecs="theora"')      .replace(/^no$/,'');

                bool.h264 = elem.canPlayType('video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E"') .replace(/^no$/,'');

                bool.webm = elem.canPlayType('video/webm; codecs="vp8, vorbis"').replace(/^no$/,'');
            }
            
        } catch(e) { }
        
        return bool;
    };

    tests['audio'] = function() {
        var elem = document.createElement('audio'),
            bool = false;

        try { 
            if ( bool = !!elem.canPlayType ) {
                bool      = new Boolean(bool);
                bool.ogg  = elem.canPlayType('audio/ogg; codecs="vorbis"').replace(/^no$/,'');
                bool.mp3  = elem.canPlayType('audio/mpeg;')               .replace(/^no$/,'');

                // Mimetypes accepted:
                //   developer.mozilla.org/En/Media_formats_supported_by_the_audio_and_video_elements
                //   bit.ly/iphoneoscodecs
                bool.wav  = elem.canPlayType('audio/wav; codecs="1"')     .replace(/^no$/,'');
                bool.m4a  = ( elem.canPlayType('audio/x-m4a;')            || 
                              elem.canPlayType('audio/aac;'))             .replace(/^no$/,'');
            }
        } catch(e) { }
        
        return bool;
    };


    // In FF4, if disabled, window.localStorage should === null.

    // Normally, we could not test that directly and need to do a
    //   `('localStorage' in window) && ` test first because otherwise Firefox will
    //   throw bugzil.la/365772 if cookies are disabled

    // Also in iOS5 Private Browsing mode, attepting to use localStorage.setItem
    // will throw the exception:
    //   QUOTA_EXCEEDED_ERRROR DOM Exception 22.
    // Peculiarly, getItem and removeItem calls do not throw.

    // Because we are forced to try/catch this, we'll go aggressive.

    // Just FWIW: IE8 Compat mode supports these features completely:
    //   www.quirksmode.org/dom/html5.html
    // But IE8 doesn't support either with local files

    tests['localstorage'] = function() {
        try {
            localStorage.setItem(mod, mod);
            localStorage.removeItem(mod);
            return true;
        } catch(e) {
            return false;
        }
    };

    tests['sessionstorage'] = function() {
        try {
            sessionStorage.setItem(mod, mod);
            sessionStorage.removeItem(mod);
            return true;
        } catch(e) {
            return false;
        }
    };


    tests['webworkers'] = function() {
        return !!window.Worker;
    };


    tests['applicationcache'] = function() {
        return !!window.applicationCache;
    };


    // Thanks to Erik Dahlstrom
    tests['svg'] = function() {
        return !!document.createElementNS && !!document.createElementNS(ns.svg, 'svg').createSVGRect;
    };

    // specifically for SVG inline in HTML, not within XHTML
    // test page: paulirish.com/demo/inline-svg
    tests['inlinesvg'] = function() {
      var div = document.createElement('div');
      div.innerHTML = '<svg/>';
      return (div.firstChild && div.firstChild.namespaceURI) == ns.svg;
    };

    // SVG SMIL animation
    tests['smil'] = function() {
        return !!document.createElementNS && /SVGAnimate/.test(toString.call(document.createElementNS(ns.svg, 'animate')));
    };

    // This test is only for clip paths in SVG proper, not clip paths on HTML content
    // demo: srufaculty.sru.edu/david.dailey/svg/newstuff/clipPath4.svg

    // However read the comments to dig into applying SVG clippaths to HTML content here:
    //   github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/213#issuecomment-1149491
    tests['svgclippaths'] = function() {
        return !!document.createElementNS && /SVGClipPath/.test(toString.call(document.createElementNS(ns.svg, 'clipPath')));
    };

    // input features and input types go directly onto the ret object, bypassing the tests loop.
    // Hold this guy to execute in a moment.
    function webforms() {
        // Run through HTML5's new input attributes to see if the UA understands any.
        // We're using f which is the <input> element created early on
        // Mike Taylr has created a comprehensive resource for testing these attributes
        //   when applied to all input types:
        //   miketaylr.com/code/input-type-attr.html
        // spec: www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/the-input-element.html#input-type-attr-summary
        
        // Only input placeholder is tested while textarea's placeholder is not. 
        // Currently Safari 4 and Opera 11 have support only for the input placeholder
        // Both tests are available in feature-detects/forms-placeholder.js
        Modernizr['input'] = (function( props ) {
            for ( var i = 0, len = props.length; i < len; i++ ) {
                attrs[ props[i] ] = !!(props[i] in inputElem);
            }
            if (attrs.list){
              // safari false positive's on datalist: webk.it/74252
              // see also github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues/146
              attrs.list = !!(document.createElement('datalist') && window.HTMLDataListElement);
            }
            return attrs;
        })('autocomplete autofocus list placeholder max min multiple pattern required step'.split(' '));

        // Run through HTML5's new input types to see if the UA understands any.
        //   This is put behind the tests runloop because it doesn't return a
        //   true/false like all the other tests; instead, it returns an object
        //   containing each input type with its corresponding true/false value

        // Big thanks to @miketaylr for the html5 forms expertise. miketaylr.com/
        Modernizr['inputtypes'] = (function(props) {

            for ( var i = 0, bool, inputElemType, defaultView, len = props.length; i < len; i++ ) {

                inputElem.setAttribute('type', inputElemType = props[i]);
                bool = inputElem.type !== 'text';

                // We first check to see if the type we give it sticks..
                // If the type does, we feed it a textual value, which shouldn't be valid.
                // If the value doesn't stick, we know there's input sanitization which infers a custom UI
                if ( bool ) {

                    inputElem.value         = smile;
                    inputElem.style.cssText = 'position:absolute;visibility:hidden;';

                    if ( /^range$/.test(inputElemType) && inputElem.style.WebkitAppearance !== undefined ) {

                      docElement.appendChild(inputElem);
                      defaultView = document.defaultView;

                      // Safari 2-4 allows the smiley as a value, despite making a slider
                      bool =  defaultView.getComputedStyle &&
                              defaultView.getComputedStyle(inputElem, null).WebkitAppearance !== 'textfield' &&
                              // Mobile android web browser has false positive, so must
                              // check the height to see if the widget is actually there.
                              (inputElem.offsetHeight !== 0);

                      docElement.removeChild(inputElem);

                    } else if ( /^(search|tel)$/.test(inputElemType) ){
                      // Spec doesnt define any special parsing or detectable UI
                      //   behaviors so we pass these through as true

                      // Interestingly, opera fails the earlier test, so it doesn't
                      //  even make it here.

                    } else if ( /^(url|email)$/.test(inputElemType) ) {
                      // Real url and email support comes with prebaked validation.
                      bool = inputElem.checkValidity && inputElem.checkValidity() === false;

                    } else if ( /^color$/.test(inputElemType) ) {
                        // chuck into DOM and force reflow for Opera bug in 11.00
                        // github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/issues#issue/159
                        docElement.appendChild(inputElem);
                        docElement.offsetWidth;
                        bool = inputElem.value != smile;
                        docElement.removeChild(inputElem);

                    } else {
                      // If the upgraded input compontent rejects the :) text, we got a winner
                      bool = inputElem.value != smile;
                    }
                }

                inputs[ props[i] ] = !!bool;
            }
            return inputs;
        })('search tel url email datetime date month week time datetime-local number range color'.split(' '));
    }


    // End of test definitions
    // -----------------------



    // Run through all tests and detect their support in the current UA.
    // todo: hypothetically we could be doing an array of tests and use a basic loop here.
    for ( var feature in tests ) {
        if ( hasOwnProperty(tests, feature) ) {
            // run the test, throw the return value into the Modernizr,
            //   then based on that boolean, define an appropriate className
            //   and push it into an array of classes we'll join later.
            featureName  = feature.toLowerCase();
            Modernizr[featureName] = tests[feature]();

            classes.push((Modernizr[featureName] ? '' : 'no-') + featureName);
        }
    }

    // input tests need to run.
    Modernizr.input || webforms();


    /**
     * addTest allows the user to define their own feature tests
     * the result will be added onto the Modernizr object,
     * as well as an appropriate className set on the html element
     *
     * @param feature - String naming the feature
     * @param test - Function returning true if feature is supported, false if not
     */
     Modernizr.addTest = function ( feature, test ) {
       if ( typeof feature == 'object' ) {
         for ( var key in feature ) {
           if ( hasOwnProperty( feature, key ) ) {
             Modernizr.addTest( key, feature[ key ] );
           }
         }
       } else {

         feature = feature.toLowerCase();

         if ( Modernizr[feature] !== undefined ) {
           // we're going to quit if you're trying to overwrite an existing test
           // if we were to allow it, we'd do this:
           //   var re = new RegExp("\\b(no-)?" + feature + "\\b");
           //   docElement.className = docElement.className.replace( re, '' );
           // but, no rly, stuff 'em.
           return Modernizr;
         }

         test = typeof test == 'function' ? test() : test;

         docElement.className += ' ' + (test ? '' : 'no-') + feature;
         Modernizr[feature] = test;

       }

       return Modernizr; // allow chaining.
     };


    // Reset modElem.cssText to nothing to reduce memory footprint.
    setCss('');
    modElem = inputElem = null;

    //>>BEGIN IEPP
    // Enable HTML 5 elements for styling in IE & add HTML5 css
    /*! HTML5 Shiv v3.4 | @afarkas @jdalton @jon_neal @rem | MIT/GPL2 Licensed */
    ;(function(window, document) {
    
      /** Preset options */
      var options = window.html5 || {};
    
      /** Used to skip problem elements */
      var reSkip = /^<|^(?:button|form|map|select|textarea)$/i;
    
      /** Detect whether the browser supports default html5 styles */
      var supportsHtml5Styles;
    
      /** Detect whether the browser supports unknown elements */
      var supportsUnknownElements;
    
      (function() {
        var a = document.createElement('a');
    
        a.innerHTML = '<xyz></xyz>';
    
        //if the hidden property is implemented we can assume, that the browser supports HTML5 Styles
        supportsHtml5Styles = ('hidden' in a);
        supportsUnknownElements = a.childNodes.length == 1 || (function() {
          // assign a false positive if unable to shiv
          try {
            (document.createElement)('a');
          } catch(e) {
            return true;
          }
          var frag = document.createDocumentFragment();
          return (
            typeof frag.cloneNode == 'undefined' ||
            typeof frag.createDocumentFragment == 'undefined' ||
            typeof frag.createElement == 'undefined'
          );
        }());
    
      }());
    
      /*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    
      /**
       * Creates a style sheet with the given CSS text and adds it to the document.
       * @private
       * @param {Document} ownerDocument The document.
       * @param {String} cssText The CSS text.
       * @returns {StyleSheet} The style element.
       */
      function addStyleSheet(ownerDocument, cssText) {
        var p = ownerDocument.createElement('p'),
            parent = ownerDocument.getElementsByTagName('head')[0] || ownerDocument.documentElement;
    
        p.innerHTML = 'x<style>' + cssText + '</style>';
        return parent.insertBefore(p.lastChild, parent.firstChild);
      }
    
      /**
       * Returns the value of `html5.elements` as an array.
       * @private
       * @returns {Array} An array of shived element node names.
       */
      function getElements() {
        var elements = html5.elements;
        return typeof elements == 'string' ? elements.split(' ') : elements;
      }
    
      /**
       * Shivs the `createElement` and `createDocumentFragment` methods of the document.
       * @private
       * @param {Document|DocumentFragment} ownerDocument The document.
       */
      function shivMethods(ownerDocument) {
        var cache = {},
            docCreateElement = ownerDocument.createElement,
            docCreateFragment = ownerDocument.createDocumentFragment,
            frag = docCreateFragment();
    
        ownerDocument.createElement = function(nodeName) {
          // Avoid adding some elements to fragments in IE < 9 because
          // * Attributes like `name` or `type` cannot be set/changed once an element
          //   is inserted into a document/fragment
          // * Link elements with `src` attributes that are inaccessible, as with
          //   a 403 response, will cause the tab/window to crash
          // * Script elements appended to fragments will execute when their `src`
          //   or `text` property is set
          var node = (cache[nodeName] || (cache[nodeName] = docCreateElement(nodeName))).cloneNode();
          return html5.shivMethods && node.canHaveChildren && !reSkip.test(nodeName) ? frag.appendChild(node) : node;
        };
    
        ownerDocument.createDocumentFragment = Function('h,f', 'return function(){' +
          'var n=f.cloneNode(),c=n.createElement;' +
          'h.shivMethods&&(' +
            // unroll the `createElement` calls
            getElements().join().replace(/\w+/g, function(nodeName) {
              cache[nodeName] = docCreateElement(nodeName);
              frag.createElement(nodeName);
              return 'c("' + nodeName + '")';
            }) +
          ');return n}'
        )(html5, frag);
      }
    
      /*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    
      /**
       * Shivs the given document.
       * @memberOf html5
       * @param {Document} ownerDocument The document to shiv.
       * @returns {Document} The shived document.
       */
      function shivDocument(ownerDocument) {
        var shived;
        if (ownerDocument.documentShived) {
          return ownerDocument;
        }
        if (html5.shivCSS && !supportsHtml5Styles) {
          shived = !!addStyleSheet(ownerDocument,
            // corrects block display not defined in IE6/7/8/9
            'article,aside,details,figcaption,figure,footer,header,hgroup,nav,section{display:block}' +
            // corrects audio display not defined in IE6/7/8/9
            'audio{display:none}' +
            // corrects canvas and video display not defined in IE6/7/8/9
            'canvas,video{display:inline-block;*display:inline;*zoom:1}' +
            // corrects 'hidden' attribute and audio[controls] display not present in IE7/8/9
            '[hidden]{display:none}audio[controls]{display:inline-block;*display:inline;*zoom:1}' +
            // adds styling not present in IE6/7/8/9
            'mark{background:#FF0;color:#000}'
          );
        }
        if (!supportsUnknownElements) {
          shived = !shivMethods(ownerDocument);
        }
        if (shived) {
          ownerDocument.documentShived = shived;
        }
        return ownerDocument;
      }
    
      /*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    
      /**
       * The `html5` object is exposed so that more elements can be shived and
       * existing shiving can be detected on iframes.
       * @type Object
       * @example
       *
       * // options can be changed before the script is included
       * html5 = { 'elements': 'mark section', 'shivCSS': false, 'shivMethods': false };
       */
      var html5 = {
    
        /**
         * An array or space separated string of node names of the elements to shiv.
         * @memberOf html5
         * @type Array|String
         */
        'elements': options.elements || 'abbr article aside audio bdi canvas data datalist details figcaption figure footer header hgroup mark meter nav output progress section summary time video',
    
        /**
         * A flag to indicate that the HTML5 style sheet should be inserted.
         * @memberOf html5
         * @type Boolean
         */
        'shivCSS': !(options.shivCSS === false),
    
        /**
         * A flag to indicate that the document's `createElement` and `createDocumentFragment`
         * methods should be overwritten.
         * @memberOf html5
         * @type Boolean
         */
        'shivMethods': !(options.shivMethods === false),
    
        /**
         * A string to describe the type of `html5` object ("default" or "default print").
         * @memberOf html5
         * @type String
         */
        'type': 'default',
    
        // shivs the document according to the specified `html5` object options
        'shivDocument': shivDocument
      };
    
      /*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    
      // expose html5
      window.html5 = html5;
    
      // shiv the document
      shivDocument(document);
    
    }(this, document));

    //>>END IEPP

    // Assign private properties to the return object with prefix
    Modernizr._version      = version;

    // expose these for the plugin API. Look in the source for how to join() them against your input
    Modernizr._prefixes     = prefixes;
    Modernizr._domPrefixes  = domPrefixes;
    Modernizr._cssomPrefixes  = cssomPrefixes;
    
    // Modernizr.mq tests a given media query, live against the current state of the window
    // A few important notes:
    //   * If a browser does not support media queries at all (eg. oldIE) the mq() will always return false
    //   * A max-width or orientation query will be evaluated against the current state, which may change later.
    //   * You must specify values. Eg. If you are testing support for the min-width media query use: 
    //       Modernizr.mq('(min-width:0)')
    // usage:
    // Modernizr.mq('only screen and (max-width:768)')
    Modernizr.mq            = testMediaQuery;   
    
    // Modernizr.hasEvent() detects support for a given event, with an optional element to test on
    // Modernizr.hasEvent('gesturestart', elem)
    Modernizr.hasEvent      = isEventSupported; 

    // Modernizr.testProp() investigates whether a given style property is recognized
    // Note that the property names must be provided in the camelCase variant.
    // Modernizr.testProp('pointerEvents')
    Modernizr.testProp      = function(prop){
        return testProps([prop]);
    };        

    // Modernizr.testAllProps() investigates whether a given style property,
    //   or any of its vendor-prefixed variants, is recognized
    // Note that the property names must be provided in the camelCase variant.
    // Modernizr.testAllProps('boxSizing')    
    Modernizr.testAllProps  = testPropsAll;     


    
    // Modernizr.testStyles() allows you to add custom styles to the document and test an element afterwards
    // Modernizr.testStyles('#modernizr { position:absolute }', function(elem, rule){ ... })
    Modernizr.testStyles    = injectElementWithStyles; 


    // Modernizr.prefixed() returns the prefixed or nonprefixed property name variant of your input
    // Modernizr.prefixed('boxSizing') // 'MozBoxSizing'
    
    // Properties must be passed as dom-style camelcase, rather than `box-sizing` hypentated style.
    // Return values will also be the camelCase variant, if you need to translate that to hypenated style use:
    //
    //     str.replace(/([A-Z])/g, function(str,m1){ return '-' + m1.toLowerCase(); }).replace(/^ms-/,'-ms-');
    
    // If you're trying to ascertain which transition end event to bind to, you might do something like...
    // 
    //     var transEndEventNames = {
    //       'WebkitTransition' : 'webkitTransitionEnd',
    //       'MozTransition'    : 'transitionend',
    //       'OTransition'      : 'oTransitionEnd',
    //       'msTransition'     : 'MsTransitionEnd',
    //       'transition'       : 'transitionend'
    //     },
    //     transEndEventName = transEndEventNames[ Modernizr.prefixed('transition') ];
    
    Modernizr.prefixed      = function(prop, obj, elem){
      if(!obj) {
        return testPropsAll(prop, 'pfx');
      } else {
        // Testing DOM property e.g. Modernizr.prefixed('requestAnimationFrame', window) // 'mozRequestAnimationFrame'
        return testPropsAll(prop, obj, elem);
      }
    };



    // Remove "no-js" class from <html> element, if it exists:
    docElement.className = docElement.className.replace(/(^|\s)no-js(\s|$)/, '$1$2') +
                            
                            // Add the new classes to the <html> element.
                            (enableClasses ? ' js ' + classes.join(' ') : '');

    return Modernizr;

})(this, this.document);

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