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WPF PropertyGrid - MVVM techniques

, 11 Mar 2010 CPOL
How to build a multicolumn ListView that selects cell templates based on the row data type; and how to create a ViewModel on the fly for each cell template.
<Window x:Class="PropertyGridDemo.Window1"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:clr="clr-namespace:PropertyGridDemo"
        Title="PropertyGrid Sample" Height="200" Width="320">
    <ListView ItemsSource="{Binding}">
        <ListView.Resources>
            <!-- The following are the data templates for the Value column of the ListView. -->
            
            <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type clr:TextItem}">
                <TextBox Text="{Binding Text}"/>
            </DataTemplate>
            
            <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type clr:ColorItem}">
                <Grid>
                    <clr:ColorItemViewModel x:Name="Persona" Item="{Binding}"/>
                    <!-- Now bind our content to the viewmodel rather than to the original data. -->
                    <ComboBox DataContext="{Binding ElementName=Persona}"
                              ItemsSource="{Binding AvailableColors}"
                              SelectedItem="{Binding Color}">
                        <!-- The ComboBox will contain rectangles showing the color, and the name of the
                             color to the right of the rectangle. -->
                        <ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
                            <!-- Don't confuse the DataTemplate of the ComboBox with the DataTemplate that
                                 *contains* the ComboBox. -->
                            <DataTemplate> 
                                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                                    <Rectangle Width="16" Margin="3">
                                        <Rectangle.Fill>
                                            <SolidColorBrush Color="{Binding Color}"/>
                                        </Rectangle.Fill>
                                    </Rectangle>
                                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Name}" Margin="3"/>
                                </StackPanel>
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
                    </ComboBox>
                </Grid>
            </DataTemplate>
            
        </ListView.Resources>
        
        <ListView.View>
            <GridView> <!-- ListView is multicolumn. -->
                <GridViewColumn Header="Name" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Name}"/>
                
                <!-- The Value column needs to display different sorts of controls,
                     depending on the type of the data row.  For this we need a 
                     CellTemplate... -->
                <GridViewColumn Header="Value" Width="200">
                    <GridViewColumn.CellTemplate>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <!-- The cell template contains a ContentPresenter, hence the *actual*
                                 data template used will be selected by the type of the data row. -->
                            <ContentPresenter Content="{Binding}"/>
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </GridViewColumn.CellTemplate>
                </GridViewColumn>
            </GridView>
        </ListView.View>

        <!-- Stretch the content of the columns.  It's annoying that the default
             alignment is left. -->
        <ListView.ItemContainerStyle>
            <Style TargetType="ListViewItem">
                <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment"
                Value="Stretch" />
            </Style>
        </ListView.ItemContainerStyle>
    </ListView>
</Window>

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This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

David K Turner
Software Developer Cyest Corporation
South Africa South Africa
David is a software developer with an obsession for analysis and proper architecture.

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