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Adding Icons to the System Tray

, 2 Aug 2003 CPOL
A class for adding icons to the system tray
hatrsystemtray.zip
systemtraysdk_demo.zip
SystemTraySDK_demo
Release
TaskbarDemo.exe
res
icon1.ico
icon2.ico
icon3.ico
icon4.ico
TaskbarDemo.ICO
TaskbarDemo.dsp
TaskbarDemo.dsw
systemtray_demo.zip
systemtray_demo
Release
SystemTrayDemo.exe
RES
Cmdbar.bmp
icon1.ico
icon2.ico
icon3.ico
icon4.ico
SystemTrayDemo.ico
SystemTrayDemoDoc.ico
Toolbar.bmp
SystemTrayDemo.dsp
SystemTrayDemo.dsw
SystemTrayDemoCE.dsp
SystemTrayDemoCE.dsw
systemtray_src.zip
// TaskbarDemo.cpp : Defines the entry point for the application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "resource.h"
#include "SystemTraySDK.h"

#define MAX_LOADSTRING 100
#define	WM_ICON_NOTIFY WM_APP+10

// Global Variables:
HINSTANCE hInst;								// current instance
TCHAR szTitle[MAX_LOADSTRING];					// The title bar text
TCHAR szWindowClass[MAX_LOADSTRING];			// The title bar text
CSystemTray TrayIcon;

// Foward declarations of functions included in this code module:
ATOM				MyRegisterClass(HINSTANCE hInstance);
BOOL				InitInstance(HINSTANCE, int);
LRESULT CALLBACK	WndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);
LRESULT CALLBACK	About(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);

int APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance,
                     HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                     LPSTR     lpCmdLine,
                     int       nCmdShow)
{
 	// TODO: Place code here.
	MSG msg;
	HACCEL hAccelTable;

	// Initialize global strings
	LoadString(hInstance, IDS_APP_TITLE, szTitle, MAX_LOADSTRING);
	LoadString(hInstance, IDC_TASKBARDEMO, szWindowClass, MAX_LOADSTRING);
	MyRegisterClass(hInstance);

	// Perform application initialization:
	if (!InitInstance (hInstance, nCmdShow)) 
	{
		return FALSE;
	}

	hAccelTable = LoadAccelerators(hInstance, (LPCTSTR)IDC_TASKBARDEMO);

	// Main message loop:
	while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0)) 
	{
		if (!TranslateAccelerator(msg.hwnd, hAccelTable, &msg)) 
		{
			TranslateMessage(&msg);
			DispatchMessage(&msg);
		}
	}

	return msg.wParam;
}



//
//  FUNCTION: MyRegisterClass()
//
//  PURPOSE: Registers the window class.
//
//  COMMENTS:
//
//    This function and its usage is only necessary if you want this code
//    to be compatible with Win32 systems prior to the 'RegisterClassEx'
//    function that was added to Windows 95. It is important to call this function
//    so that the application will get 'well formed' small icons associated
//    with it.
//
ATOM MyRegisterClass(HINSTANCE hInstance)
{
	WNDCLASSEX wcex;

	wcex.cbSize = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX); 

	wcex.style			= CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
	wcex.lpfnWndProc	= (WNDPROC)WndProc;
	wcex.cbClsExtra		= 0;
	wcex.cbWndExtra		= 0;
	wcex.hInstance		= hInstance;
	wcex.hIcon			= LoadIcon(hInstance, (LPCTSTR)IDI_TASKBARDEMO);
	wcex.hCursor		= LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
	wcex.hbrBackground	= (HBRUSH)(COLOR_WINDOW+1);
	wcex.lpszMenuName	= (LPCSTR)IDC_TASKBARDEMO;
	wcex.lpszClassName	= szWindowClass;
	wcex.hIconSm		= LoadIcon(wcex.hInstance, (LPCTSTR)IDI_TASKBARDEMO);

	return RegisterClassEx(&wcex);
}

//
//   FUNCTION: InitInstance(HANDLE, int)
//
//   PURPOSE: Saves instance handle and creates main window
//
//   COMMENTS:
//
//        In this function, we save the instance handle in a global variable and
//        create and display the main program window.
//
BOOL InitInstance(HINSTANCE hInstance, int nCmdShow)
{
   HWND hWnd;

   hInst = hInstance; // Store instance handle in our global variable

   hWnd = CreateWindow(szWindowClass, szTitle, WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW,
      CW_USEDEFAULT, 0, CW_USEDEFAULT, 0, NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL);

   if (!hWnd)
   {
      return FALSE;
   }

	// Create the tray icon
	if (!TrayIcon.Create(hInstance,
                         hWnd,                            // Parent window
                         WM_ICON_NOTIFY,                  // Icon notify message to use
                         _T("This is a Tray Icon - Right click on me!"),  // tooltip
                         ::LoadIcon(hInstance, (LPCTSTR)IDI_TASKBARDEMO),
                         IDR_POPUP_MENU)) 
        return FALSE;

   ShowWindow(hWnd, nCmdShow);
   UpdateWindow(hWnd);

   return TRUE;
}

//
//  FUNCTION: WndProc(HWND, unsigned, WORD, LONG)
//
//  PURPOSE:  Processes messages for the main window.
//
//  WM_COMMAND	- process the application menu
//  WM_PAINT	- Paint the main window
//  WM_DESTROY	- post a quit message and return
//
//
LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hWnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
	int wmId, wmEvent;
	PAINTSTRUCT ps;
	HDC hdc;
	TCHAR szHello[MAX_LOADSTRING];
	LoadString(hInst, IDS_HELLO, szHello, MAX_LOADSTRING);

	switch (message) 
	{
        case WM_ICON_NOTIFY:
            return TrayIcon.OnTrayNotification(wParam, lParam);

		case WM_COMMAND:
			wmId    = LOWORD(wParam); 
			wmEvent = HIWORD(wParam); 
			// Parse the menu selections:
			switch (wmId)
			{
                case IDM_ANIMATE:
                    TrayIcon.SetIconList(IDI_ICON1, IDI_ICON4);
                    TrayIcon.Animate(50, 2);  // 50 millisecond delay between frames, for 2 secs
                    break; 
				case IDM_ABOUT:
				   DialogBox(hInst, (LPCTSTR)IDD_ABOUTBOX, hWnd, (DLGPROC)About);
				   break;
				case IDM_EXIT:
				   DestroyWindow(hWnd);
				   break;
				default:
				   return DefWindowProc(hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
			}
			break;
		case WM_PAINT:
			hdc = BeginPaint(hWnd, &ps);
			// TODO: Add any drawing code here...
			RECT rt;
			GetClientRect(hWnd, &rt);
			DrawText(hdc, szHello, strlen(szHello), &rt, DT_VCENTER | DT_CENTER | DT_SINGLELINE |DT_WORDBREAK);
			EndPaint(hWnd, &ps);
			break;

		case WM_DESTROY:
			PostQuitMessage(0);
			break;
		default:
			return DefWindowProc(hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
   }
   return 0;
}

// Mesage handler for about box.
LRESULT CALLBACK About(HWND hDlg, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
	switch (message)
	{
		case WM_INITDIALOG:
				return TRUE;

		case WM_COMMAND:
			if (LOWORD(wParam) == IDOK || LOWORD(wParam) == IDCANCEL) 
			{
				EndDialog(hDlg, LOWORD(wParam));
				return TRUE;
			}
			break;
	}
    return FALSE;
}

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This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Chris Maunder
Founder CodeProject
Canada Canada
Chris is the Co-founder, Administrator, Architect, Chief Editor and Shameless Hack who wrote and runs The Code Project. He's been programming since 1988 while pretending to be, in various guises, an astrophysicist, mathematician, physicist, hydrologist, geomorphologist, defence intelligence researcher and then, when all that got a bit rough on the nerves, a web developer. He is a Microsoft Visual C++ MVP both globally and for Canada locally.
 
His programming experience includes C/C++, C#, SQL, MFC, ASP, ASP.NET, and far, far too much FORTRAN. He has worked on PocketPCs, AIX mainframes, Sun workstations, and a CRAY YMP C90 behemoth but finds notebooks take up less desk space.
 
He dodges, he weaves, and he never gets enough sleep. He is kind to small animals.
 
Chris was born and bred in Australia but splits his time between Toronto and Melbourne, depending on the weather. For relaxation he is into road cycling, snowboarding, rock climbing, and storm chasing.
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