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A Fast CSV Reader

, 13 Jan 2016 MIT
A reader that provides fast, non-cached, forward-only access to CSV data.
CsvReader11_demo
CsvReader11_demo
CsvReader11_demo
CsvReaderBenchmarks
App.ico
data.rar
CsvReaderDemo
App.ico
LumenWorks.Framework.IO
Csv
Events
Exceptions
Resources
LumenWorks.Framework.Tests.Unit
IO
Csv
CsvReaderBenchmarks
App.ico
data.rar
CsvReaderDemo
App.ico
LumenWorks.Framework.IO
Csv
Events
Exceptions
Resources
LumenWorks.Framework.Tests.Unit
IO
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CsvReaderBenchmarks
App.ico
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CsvReaderDemo
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LumenWorks.Framework.IO
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Events
Exceptions
Resources
LumenWorks.Framework.Tests.Unit
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CsvReader11_src
CsvReader11_src
CsvReader11_src
LumenWorks.Framework.IO
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LumenWorks.Framework.IO
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LumenWorks.Framework.Tests.Unit
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CsvReader20_demo
CsvReader20_demo
CsvReader20_demo
CsvReaderBenchmarks
bin
Release
CsvReaderBenchmarks.exe
CsvReaderBenchmarks.vshost.exe
LumenWorks.Framework.IO.dll
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CsvReaderDemo
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LumenWorks.Framework.IO.dll
LumenWorks.Framework.Tests.Unit.dll
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Release
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CsvReaderDemo
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CsvReaderDemo.exe
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LumenWorks.Framework.IO.dll
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CsvReaderDemo
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CsvReaderTests.dll
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Properties
//	LumenWorks.Framework.IO.CSV.CachedCsvReader
//	Copyright (c) 2005 S�bastien Lorion
//
//	MIT license (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIT_License)
//
//	Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
//	of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
//	in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights 
//	to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies
//	of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, 
//	subject to the following conditions:
//
//	The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all 
//	copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
//	THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, 
//	INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
//	PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE 
//	FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
//	ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using Debug = System.Diagnostics.Debug;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;

using LumenWorks.Framework.IO.Csv.Resources;

namespace LumenWorks.Framework.IO.Csv
{
	/// <summary>
	/// Represents a reader that provides fast, cached, dynamic access to CSV data.
	/// </summary>
	/// <remarks>The number of records is limited to <see cref="System.Int32.MaxValue"/> - 1.</remarks>
	public class CachedCsvReader
		: CsvReader, IListSource
	{
		#region Fields

		/// <summary>
		/// Contains the cached records.
		/// </summary>
		private ArrayList _records;

		/// <summary>
		/// Contains the current record index (inside the cached records array).
		/// </summary>
		private long _currentRecordIndex;

		/// <summary>
		/// Indicates if a new record is being read from the CSV stream.
		/// </summary>
		private bool _readingStream;

		/// <summary>
		/// Contains the binding list linked to this reader.
		/// </summary>
		private CsvBindingList _bindingList;

		#endregion

		#region Constructors

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentException">
		///		Cannot read from <paramref name="reader"/>.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders)
			: this(reader, hasHeaders, DefaultBufferSize)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="bufferSize">The buffer size in bytes.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentException">
		///		Cannot read from <paramref name="reader"/>.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders, int bufferSize)
			: this(reader, hasHeaders, DefaultDelimiter, DefaultQuote, DefaultEscape, DefaultComment, true, bufferSize)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="delimiter">The delimiter character separating each field (default is ',').</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentException">
		///		Cannot read from <paramref name="reader"/>.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders, char delimiter)
			: this(reader, hasHeaders, delimiter, DefaultQuote, DefaultEscape, DefaultComment, true, DefaultBufferSize)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="delimiter">The delimiter character separating each field (default is ',').</param>
		/// <param name="bufferSize">The buffer size in bytes.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentException">
		///		Cannot read from <paramref name="reader"/>.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders, char delimiter, int bufferSize)
			: this(reader, hasHeaders, delimiter, DefaultQuote, DefaultEscape, DefaultComment, true, bufferSize)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="delimiter">The delimiter character separating each field (default is ',').</param>
		/// <param name="quote">The quotation character wrapping every field (default is ''').</param>
		/// <param name="escape">
		/// The escape character letting insert quotation characters inside a quoted field (default is '\').
		/// If no escape character, set to '\0' to gain some performance.
		/// </param>
		/// <param name="comment">The comment character indicating that a line is commented out (default is '#').</param>
		/// <param name="trimSpaces"><see langword="true"/> if spaces at the start and end of a field are trimmed, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>. Default is <see langword="true"/>.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentException">
		///		Cannot read from <paramref name="reader"/>.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders, char delimiter, char quote, char escape, char comment, bool trimSpaces)
			: this(reader, hasHeaders, delimiter, quote, escape, comment, trimSpaces, DefaultBufferSize)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvReader class.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="reader">A <see cref="T:TextReader"/> pointing to the CSV file.</param>
		/// <param name="hasHeaders"><see langword="true"/> if field names are located on the first non commented line, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="delimiter">The delimiter character separating each field (default is ',').</param>
		/// <param name="quote">The quotation character wrapping every field (default is ''').</param>
		/// <param name="escape">
		/// The escape character letting insert quotation characters inside a quoted field (default is '\').
		/// If no escape character, set to '\0' to gain some performance.
		/// </param>
		/// <param name="comment">The comment character indicating that a line is commented out (default is '#').</param>
		/// <param name="trimSpaces"><see langword="true"/> if spaces at the start and end of a field are trimmed, otherwise, <see langword="false"/>. Default is <see langword="true"/>.</param>
		/// <param name="bufferSize">The buffer size in bytes.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentNullException">
		///		<paramref name="reader"/> is a <see langword="null"/>.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		///		<paramref name="bufferSize"/> must be 1 or more.
		/// </exception>
		public CachedCsvReader(TextReader reader, bool hasHeaders, char delimiter, char quote, char escape, char comment, bool trimSpaces, int bufferSize)
			: base(reader, hasHeaders, delimiter, quote, escape, comment, trimSpaces, bufferSize)
		{
			_records = new ArrayList();
			_currentRecordIndex = -1;
		}

		#endregion

		#region Properties

		#region State

		/// <summary>
		/// Gets the current record index in the CSV file.
		/// </summary>
		/// <value>The current record index in the CSV file.</value>
		public override long CurrentRecordIndex
		{
			get
			{
				return _currentRecordIndex;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Gets a value that indicates whether the current stream position is at the end of the stream.
		/// </summary>
		/// <value><see langword="true"/> if the current stream position is at the end of the stream; otherwise <see langword="false"/>.</value>
		public override bool EndOfStream
		{
			get
			{
				if (_currentRecordIndex < base.CurrentRecordIndex)
					return false;
				else
					return base.EndOfStream;
			}
		}

		#endregion

		#endregion

		#region Indexers

		/// <summary>
		/// Gets the field at the specified index.
		/// </summary>
		/// <value>The field at the specified index.</value>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		///		<paramref name="field"/> must be included in [0, <see cref="M:FieldCount"/>[.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:InvalidOperationException">
		///		No record read yet. Call ReadLine() first.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="MissingFieldCsvException">
		///		The CSV data appears to be missing a field.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:MalformedCsvException">
		///		The CSV appears to be corrupt at the current position.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:System.ComponentModel.ObjectDisposedException">
		///		The instance has been disposed of.
		/// </exception>
		public override String this[int field]
		{
			get
			{
				if (_readingStream)
					return base[field];
				else if (_currentRecordIndex > -1)
				{
					if (field > -1 && field < this.FieldCount)
						return ((string[]) _records[(int) _currentRecordIndex])[field];
					else
						throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("field", field, string.Format(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture, ExceptionMessage.FieldIndexOutOfRange, field));
				}
				else
					throw new InvalidOperationException(ExceptionMessage.NoCurrentRecord);
			}
		}

		#endregion

		#region Methods

		#region Read

		/// <summary>
		/// Reads the CSV stream from the current position to the end of the stream.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="T:System.ComponentModel.ObjectDisposedException">
		///	The instance has been disposed of.
		/// </exception>
		public virtual void ReadToEnd()
		{
			_currentRecordIndex = base.CurrentRecordIndex;

			while (ReadNextRecord()) ;
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Reads the next record.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="onlyReadHeaders">
		/// Indicates if the reader will proceed to the next record after having read headers.
		/// <see langword="true"/> if it stops after having read headers; otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.
		/// </param>
		/// <param name="skipToNextLine">
		/// Indicates if the reader will skip directly to the next line without parsing the current one. 
		/// To be used when an error occurs.
		/// </param>
		/// <returns><see langword="true"/> if a record has been successfully reads; otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</returns>
		/// <exception cref="T:System.ComponentModel.ObjectDisposedException">
		///	The instance has been disposed of.
		/// </exception>
		protected override bool ReadNextRecord(bool onlyReadHeaders, bool skipToNextLine)
		{
			if (_currentRecordIndex < base.CurrentRecordIndex)
			{
				_currentRecordIndex++;
				return true;
			}
			else
			{
				_readingStream = true;

				try
				{
					bool canRead = base.ReadNextRecord(onlyReadHeaders, skipToNextLine);

					if (canRead)
					{
						string[] record = new string[this.FieldCount];
						CopyCurrentRecordTo(record);

						_records.Add(record);

						_currentRecordIndex++;
					}
					else
					{
						// No more records to read, so set array size to only what is needed
						_records.Capacity = _records.Count;
					}

					return canRead;
				}
				finally
				{
					_readingStream = false;
				}
			}
		}

		#endregion

		#region Move

		/// <summary>
		/// Moves before the first record.
		/// </summary>
		public void MoveToStart()
		{
			_currentRecordIndex = -1;
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Moves to the last record read so far.
		/// </summary>
		public void MoveToLastCachedRecord()
		{
			_currentRecordIndex = base.CurrentRecordIndex;
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Moves to the specified record index.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="record">The record index.</param>
		/// <exception cref="T:ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		///		Record index must be > 0.
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="T:System.ComponentModel.ObjectDisposedException">
		///		The instance has been disposed of.
		/// </exception>
		public override void MoveTo(long record)
		{
			if (record < -1)
				throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("record", record, ExceptionMessage.RecordIndexLessThanZero);

			if (record <= base.CurrentRecordIndex)
				_currentRecordIndex = record;
			else
			{
				_currentRecordIndex = base.CurrentRecordIndex;

				long offset = record - _currentRecordIndex;

				// read to the last record before the one we want
				while (offset-- > 0 && ReadNextRecord()) ;
			}
		}

		#endregion

		#endregion

		#region IListSource Members

		bool IListSource.ContainsListCollection
		{
			get { return false; }
		}

		System.Collections.IList IListSource.GetList()
		{
			if (_bindingList == null)
				_bindingList = new CsvBindingList(this);

			return _bindingList;
		}

		#endregion

		#region CsvBindingList class

		/// <summary>
		/// Represents a binding list wrapper for a CSV reader.
		/// </summary>
		private class CsvBindingList
			: IBindingList, ITypedList, IList
		{
			#region Fields

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the linked CSV reader.
			/// </summary>
			private CachedCsvReader _csv;

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the cached record count.
			/// </summary>
			private int _count;

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the cached property descriptors.
			/// </summary>
			private PropertyDescriptorCollection _properties;

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the current sort property.
			/// </summary>
			private CsvPropertyDescriptor _sort;

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the current sort direction.
			/// </summary>
			private ListSortDirection _direction;

			#endregion

			#region Constructors

			/// <summary>
			/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvBindingList class.
			/// </summary>
			/// <param name="csv"></param>
			public CsvBindingList(CachedCsvReader csv)
			{
				_csv = csv;
				_count = -1;
				_direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
			}

			#endregion

			#region IBindingList members

			public void AddIndex(PropertyDescriptor property)
			{
			}

			public bool AllowNew
			{
				get
				{
					return false;
				}
			}

			public void ApplySort(PropertyDescriptor property, System.ComponentModel.ListSortDirection direction)
			{
				_sort = (CsvPropertyDescriptor) property;
				_direction = direction;

				_csv.ReadToEnd();

				_csv._records.Sort(new CsvRecordComparer(_sort.Index, _direction));
			}

			public PropertyDescriptor SortProperty
			{
				get
				{
					return _sort;
				}
			}

			public int Find(PropertyDescriptor property, object key)
			{
				int fieldIndex = ((CsvPropertyDescriptor) property).Index;
				string value = (string) key;

				int recordIndex = 0;
				int count = this.Count;

				while (recordIndex < count && _csv[recordIndex, fieldIndex] != value)
					recordIndex++;

				if (recordIndex == count)
					return -1;
				else
					return recordIndex;
			}

			public bool SupportsSorting
			{
				get
				{
					return true;
				}
			}

			public bool IsSorted
			{
				get
				{
					return _sort != null;
				}
			}

			public bool AllowRemove
			{
				get
				{
					return false;
				}
			}

			public bool SupportsSearching
			{
				get
				{
					return true;
				}
			}

			public System.ComponentModel.ListSortDirection SortDirection
			{
				get
				{
					return _direction;
				}
			}

			public event System.ComponentModel.ListChangedEventHandler ListChanged
			{
				add { }
				remove { }
			}

			public bool SupportsChangeNotification
			{
				get
				{
					return false;
				}
			}

			public void RemoveSort()
			{
				_sort = null;
				_direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
			}

			public object AddNew()
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public bool AllowEdit
			{
				get
				{
					return false;
				}
			}

			public void RemoveIndex(PropertyDescriptor property)
			{
			}

			#endregion

			#region ITypedList Members

			public PropertyDescriptorCollection GetItemProperties(PropertyDescriptor[] listAccessors)
			{
				if (_properties == null)
				{
					PropertyDescriptor[] properties = new PropertyDescriptor[_csv.FieldCount];

					for (int i = 0; i < properties.Length; i++)
						properties[i] = new CsvPropertyDescriptor(((System.Data.IDataReader) _csv).GetName(i), i);

					_properties = new PropertyDescriptorCollection(properties);
				}

				return _properties;
			}

			public string GetListName(PropertyDescriptor[] listAccessors)
			{
				return string.Empty;
			}

			#endregion

			#region IList Members

			public int Add(object value)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public void Clear()
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public bool Contains(object value)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public int IndexOf(object value)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public void Insert(int index, object value)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public bool IsFixedSize
			{
				get { return true; }
			}

			public bool IsReadOnly
			{
				get { return true; }
			}

			public void Remove(object value)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public void RemoveAt(int index)
			{
				throw new NotSupportedException();
			}

			public object this[int index]
			{
				get
				{
					_csv.MoveTo(index);
					return _csv._records[index];
				}
				set
				{
					throw new NotSupportedException();
				}
			}

			#endregion

			#region ICollection Members

			public int Count
			{
				get
				{
					if (_count < 0)
					{
						_csv.ReadToEnd();
						_count = (int) _csv.CurrentRecordIndex + 1;
					}

					return _count;
				}
			}

			public void CopyTo(Array array, int index)
			{
				_csv.MoveToStart();

				while (_csv.ReadNextRecord())
					_csv.CopyCurrentRecordTo((string[]) array.GetValue(index++));
			}

			public bool IsSynchronized
			{
				get { return false; }
			}

			public object SyncRoot
			{
				get { return null; }
			}

			#endregion

			#region IEnumerable Members

			public IEnumerator GetEnumerator()
			{
				return _csv.GetEnumerator();
			}

			#endregion
		}

		#endregion

		#region CsvPropertyDescriptor class

		/// <summary>
		/// Represents a CSV field property descriptor.
		/// </summary>
		private class CsvPropertyDescriptor
			: PropertyDescriptor
		{
			#region Fields

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the field index.
			/// </summary>
			private int _index;

			#endregion

			#region Constructors

			/// <summary>
			/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvPropertyDescriptor class.
			/// </summary>
			/// <param name="fieldName">The field name.</param>
			/// <param name="index">The field index.</param>
			public CsvPropertyDescriptor(string fieldName, int index)
				: base(fieldName, null)
			{
				_index = index;
			}

			#endregion

			#region Properties

			/// <summary>
			/// Gets the field index.
			/// </summary>
			/// <value>The field index.</value>
			public int Index
			{
				get { return _index; }
			}

			#endregion

			#region Overrides

			public override bool CanResetValue(object component)
			{
				return false;
			}

			public override object GetValue(object component)
			{
				return ((string[]) component)[_index];
			}

			public override void ResetValue(object component)
			{
			}

			public override void SetValue(object component, object value)
			{
			}

			public override bool ShouldSerializeValue(object component)
			{
				return false;
			}

			public override Type ComponentType
			{
				get
				{
					return typeof(CachedCsvReader);
				}
			}

			public override bool IsReadOnly
			{
				get
				{
					return true;
				}
			}

			public override Type PropertyType
			{
				get
				{
					return typeof(string);
				}
			}

			#endregion
		}

		#endregion

		#region CsvRecordComparer class

		/// <summary>
		/// Represents a CSV record comparer.
		/// </summary>
		private class CsvRecordComparer
			: IComparer
		{
			#region Fields

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the field index of the values to compare.
			/// </summary>
			private int _field;

			/// <summary>
			/// Contains the sort direction.
			/// </summary>
			private ListSortDirection _direction;

			#endregion

			#region Constructors

			/// <summary>
			/// Initializes a new instance of the CsvRecordComparer class.
			/// </summary>
			/// <param name="field">The field index of the values to compare.</param>
			/// <param name="direction">The sort direction.</param>
			public CsvRecordComparer(int field, ListSortDirection direction)
			{
				if (field < 0)
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("field", field, string.Format(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture, Resources.ExceptionMessage.FieldIndexOutOfRange, field));

				_field = field;
				_direction = direction;
			}

			#endregion

			#region IComparer Members

			public int Compare(object x, object y)
			{
				Debug.Assert(x != null && y != null && ((string[]) x).Length == ((string[]) y).Length && _field < ((string[]) x).Length);

				int result = String.Compare(((string[]) x)[_field], ((string[]) y)[_field], false, CultureInfo.CurrentCulture);

				return (_direction == ListSortDirection.Ascending ? result : -result);
			}

			#endregion
		}

		#endregion
	}
}

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About the Author

Sebastien Lorion
Architect
Canada Canada
Sébastien Lorion is software architect as day job.

He is also a musician, actually singing outside the shower Smile | :)

He needs constant mental and emotional stimulation, so all of this might change someday ...

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