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Automating Internet Explorer

, 24 Feb 2005
An article describing how to automate IE, mainly for testing purposes.
iedriver.zip
IEDriver
App.ico
IEDriver.csproj.user
IEDriver.resharperoptions
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using mshtml;
using SHDocVw;

namespace IEAutomation {
	/// <summary>
	/// Summary description for IEDriver.
	/// </summary>
	public class IEDriver {
		public int TimeoutSeconds {
			get { return _timeoutSeconds; }
			set { _timeoutSeconds = value; }
		}

		private InternetExplorer IE {
			get { return _IE; }
		}

		private bool isDocumentComplete = false;

		private InternetExplorer _IE;
		private int _timeoutSeconds = 30;

		public IEDriver() {
			Process m_Proc = Process.Start("IExplore.exe");

			Thread.Sleep(500);
			_IE = null;
			ShellWindows m_IEFoundBrowsers = new ShellWindowsClass();
			foreach(InternetExplorer Browser in m_IEFoundBrowsers) {
				if(Browser.HWND == (int)m_Proc.MainWindowHandle) {
					_IE = Browser;
					break;
				}
			}

			IE.Visible = true;
			IE.DocumentComplete += new DWebBrowserEvents2_DocumentCompleteEventHandler(IE_DocumentComplete);
		}

		public void ClickAnchor(string anchorId) {
			isDocumentComplete = false;
			HTMLAnchorElement input = GetAnchorElement(anchorId);
			input.click();
			WaitForComplete();
		}

		public void ClickAnchorWithParent(string parentControlId, string anchorId) {
			isDocumentComplete = false;
			anchorId = parentControlId + anchorId;
			HTMLAnchorElement input = GetAnchorElement(anchorId);
			input.click();
			WaitForComplete();
		}

		public void ClickAnchorWithValue(string anchorValue) {
			HTMLAnchorElement anchor = (HTMLAnchorElement) GetElementByValue("A", anchorValue);
			anchor.click();
			WaitForComplete();
		}

		public void ClickButton(string buttonId) {
			isDocumentComplete = false;
			HTMLInputElementClass input = GetInputElement(buttonId);
			input.click();
			WaitForComplete();
		}

		public void ClickCheckbox(string anchorId) {
			isDocumentComplete = false;
			HTMLInputElement input = GetCheckboxElement(anchorId);

			input.click();
		}

		public bool DoesElementExist(string elementId) {
			IHTMLElement input = GetElementById(elementId);
			return input != null;
		}

		public object GetElementAttribute(string elementId, string attributeName) {
			IHTMLElement element = GetElementById(elementId);
			if (element == null) {
				return null;
			}
			return element.getAttribute(attributeName, 0);
		}

		public IHTMLElement GetElementById(string elementId) {
			HTMLDocument document = ((HTMLDocument) IE.Document);
			IHTMLElement element = document.getElementById(elementId);

			int nullElementCount = 0;
			// The following loop is to account for any latency that IE
			// might experience.  Tweak the number of times to attempt
			// to continue checking the document before giving up.
			while (element == null && nullElementCount < 10) {
				Thread.Sleep(500);
				element = document.getElementById(elementId);
				nullElementCount++;
			}

			return element;
		}

		public string GetInputValue(string inputId) {
			HTMLInputElementClass input = GetInputElement(inputId);

			if (input == null) {
				return null;
			}

			return input.value;
		}

		public void Navigate(string url) {
			isDocumentComplete = false;
			object empty = "";
			IE.Navigate(url, ref empty, ref empty, ref empty, ref empty);
			WaitForComplete();
		}

		public void SetCheckboxValue(string checkboxId, bool isChecked, bool failIfNotExist) {
			HTMLInputElementClass input = GetInputElement(checkboxId);

			if (input == null && failIfNotExist) {
				throw new ApplicationException("CheckBox ID: " + checkboxId + " was not found.");
			}
			if (input != null) {
				input.@checked = isChecked;
			}
		}

		public void SetInputStringValue(string inputId, string elementValue) {
			HTMLInputElementClass input = GetInputElement(inputId);
			input.value = elementValue;
		}

		public void SetInputIntValue(string inputId, int elementValue) {
			HTMLInputElementClass input = GetInputElement(inputId);
			input.value = elementValue.ToString();
		}

		public void SelectValueByIndex(string inputId, int index) {
			HTMLSelectElementClass input = (HTMLSelectElementClass) GetSelectElement(inputId);
			input.selectedIndex = index;
		}

		protected IHTMLElement GetElementByValue(string tagName, string elementValue) {
			int nullElementCount = 0;
			IHTMLElement element = GetElementByValueOnce(tagName, elementValue);

			// The following loop is to account for any latency that IE
			// might experience.  Tweak the number of times to attempt
			// to continue checking the document before giving up.
			while (element == null && nullElementCount < 10) {
				Thread.Sleep(500);
				element = GetElementByValueOnce(tagName, elementValue);
				nullElementCount++;
			}

			return element;
		}

		private HTMLAnchorElement GetAnchorElement(string inputId) {
			return (HTMLAnchorElement) GetElementById(inputId);
		}

		private HTMLInputElement GetCheckboxElement(string inputId) {
			return (HTMLInputElement) GetElementById(inputId);
		}

		private IHTMLElement GetElementByValueOnce(string tagName, string elementValue) {
			HTMLDocument document = ((HTMLDocument) IE.Document);
			IHTMLElementCollection tags = document.getElementsByTagName(tagName);

			IEnumerator enumerator = tags.GetEnumerator();

			while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
				IHTMLElement element = (IHTMLElement) enumerator.Current;
				if (element.innerText == elementValue) {
					return element;
				}
			}

			return null;
		}

		private HTMLInputElementClass GetInputElement(string inputId) {
			return (HTMLInputElementClass) GetElementById(inputId);
		}

		private HTMLSelectElement GetSelectElement(string inputId) {
			return (HTMLSelectElement) GetElementById(inputId);
		}

		private void WaitForComplete() {
			int elapsedSeconds = 0;
			while (!isDocumentComplete && elapsedSeconds != TimeoutSeconds) {
				Thread.Sleep(1000);
				elapsedSeconds++;
			}
		}

		private void IE_DocumentComplete(object pDisp, ref object URL) {
			isDocumentComplete = true;
		}
	}
}

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About the Author

Leslie Hanks
Web Developer
United States United States
A developer for ScienceTRAX, LLC
 
Web: www.codeoutlaw.com

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Web03 | 2.8.140926.1 | Last Updated 25 Feb 2005
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