As you probably know I am developing a series posts called- Pragmatic Automation with WebDriver. They consist of tons of practical information how to start writing automation tests with WebDriver. Also, contain a lot of more advanced topics such as automation strategies, benchmarks and researches. In the next couple of publications, I am going to share with you some Advanced WebDriver usages in tests. Without further ado, here are the today's advanced WebDriver Automation tips and trips.
1. Drag and Drop
You can use the special Actions WebDriver's class to perform complex UI interactions. Through its method DragAndDropToOffset, you can drag and drop. You only need to set the desired X and Y offsets.
2. Upload a File
It is a straightforward task to upload a file using WebDriver. You need to locate the file element and use the IWebElement's SendKeys method to set the path to your file.
4. Switch Between Browser Windows or Tabs
WebDriver drives the browser within a scope of one browser window. However, we can use its SwitchTo method to change the target window or tab.
The WindowHandles property returns all open browser windows. You can pass the name of the desired tab/window to the Window method of the ITargetLocator interface (returned by the SwitchTo method) to change the current target.
5. Navigation History
WebDriver's INavigation interface contains handy methods for going forward and backward. Also, you can refresh the current page.
6. Change User Agent
In my previous post from the series, I showed you how to create a new custom Firefox profile. You can set its argument 'general.useragent.override' to the desired user agent string.
7. Set HTTP Proxy for Browser
Similar to the user agent configuration, to set a proxy for Firefox, you only need to set a few arguments of the Firefox' profile.
8. Handle SSL Certicate Error
8.1. Handle SSL Certicate Error FirefoxDriver
8.2. Handle SSL Certicate Error ChromeDriver
You can use the special SetEnvironmentVariable method to create an environment variable in Windows pointing the path to your driver's executable. This way you do not need to specify the path to it every time you initialize the driver's instances.
DesiredCapabilities capability = DesiredCapabilities.Chrome(); Environment.SetEnvironmentVariable("webdriver.ie.driver", "C:\\Path\\To\\ChromeDriver.exe"); capability.SetCapability(CapabilityType.AcceptSslCertificates, true); driver = new RemoteWebDriver(capability);
8.3. Handle SSL Certicate Error ChromeDriver
9. Scroll Focus to Control
10. Focus on a Control
So Far in the 'Pragmatic Automation with WebDriver' Series