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Posted 8 Jul 2005
Licenced CPOL

DataGrid Control

, 5 Aug 2005
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An article on a grid control built without MFC.

Example on using DataGrid control


This article presents a DataGrid control which is built with no MFC. It can be used in SDK or MFC Win32 applications. This source code is also compiled with GNU compiler and has shown to be stable.


You can find various grid controls all over the Internet, some free and some not. Also, there is an article by Chris Maunder about a grid control which can be used on different platforms (ATL and MFC version). Grid controls are very useful for representing two-dimensional tabular data. They are often used in accounting applications. Grid controls must be designed for quick data-referencing and modification. The grid control presented in this article supports up to 32000 rows and 1000 columns. Also, there can be up to 20 grid controls created at the same time. These values can be changed in the DataGrid header file but there is always a memory limit.

Using the code

To use the DataGrid control a header file must be included in the project.

#include "DataGrid.h"

Next, create an instance of the CDataGrid class and call the Create() method.

// hParentWnd is declared somewhere else
CDataGrid dataGrid;
int numCols = 5;
RECT rect = {0,0,500,300};
dataGrid.Create( rect, hParentWnd, numCols );

Use SetColumnInfo() method to describe the DataGrid control columns.

int colIndex = 0;
char colText[] = "Column1";
int colSize = 120;
UINT txtAlign = DGTA_LEFT;
dataGrid.SetColumnInfo( colIndex, colText, colSize, txtAlign );

To add items to the DataGrid control, call InsertItem() method.

char itemText[] = "Item1";
dataGrid.InsertItem( itemText, txtAlign );

To describe subitems, use SetItemInfo() method.

int rowIndex = 0;
int columnIndex = 0;
char subitemText[] = "Subitem1";
bool readOnly = false;
dataGrid.SetItemInfo( rowIndex, columnIndex, subitemText, txtAlign, readOnly );

The DataGrid control sends notification messages through the WM_COMMAND message. These notifications are:

  • Item changed
  • Item text changed
  • Item added
  • Item removed
  • Column resized
  • Column clicked
  • Sorting started
  • Sorting ended

This is the basic use of this control. See the demo project as an example. The DataGrid control supports the following:

  • Grid show (on/off)
  • Column resize (on/off)
  • Item text edit (on/off)
  • Items sorting (on/off)
  • Get/set row background color
  • Get/set row text color
  • Get/set row font
  • Get/set column text color
  • Get/set column font
  • Set application-defined sort function

Points of Interest

My goal was to try to develop a grid control that will support most of the things that the MFC CListCtrl control does and possibly some more and to be as efficient. Its GUI is designed to be very similar with the previously mentioned control.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Software Developer (Senior) Elektromehanika d.o.o. Nis
Serbia Serbia
He has a master degree in Computer Science at Faculty of Electronics in Nis (Serbia), and works as a C++/C# application developer for Windows platforms since 2001. He likes traveling, reading and meeting new people and cultures.

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Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Problem In Unicode Pin
lurvhua2-Sep-07 0:18
memberlurvhua2-Sep-07 0:18 
Generalmultiple row selection Pin
adii289-Jul-07 6:43
memberadii289-Jul-07 6:43 
GeneralRe: multiple row selection Pin
darkoman9-Jul-07 19:14
memberdarkoman9-Jul-07 19:14 
QuestionHow to get the number of specific row Pin
kazim bhai17-May-07 6:46
memberkazim bhai17-May-07 6:46 
Questionmultiple instances Pin
hopsoid19-Nov-06 15:37
memberhopsoid19-Nov-06 15:37 
GeneralQuestion about simple applikation Pin
woj11727-Jul-06 8:40
memberwoj11727-Jul-06 8:40 
NewsA bug Pin
kingren3-Jul-06 15:25
memberkingren3-Jul-06 15:25 
QuestionHidden Rows Pin
Rickomurphy27-Jun-06 4:13
memberRickomurphy27-Jun-06 4:13 
Hi I'm using your grid in my application, and as others have said, thanks for all your hard work. I'm making some modifications (as my application is slightly odd) and am trying to implement Hidden Rows, i.e. I've added an attribute to each row which when set the row is not redrawn, instead the next one is (unless that is hidden, and so on). Frankly, as I'm not an expert Windows programmer, I'm having trouble! Perhaps this is something you would consider adding yourself?

Also I noticed a problem where the vertical scroll bar "bounces" when dragged to the bottom. This seems to fix it:

RECT rowRect, clientRect, columnRect;
GetRowRect( hwnd, 0, &rowRect );
GetColumnRect( hwnd, 0, &columnRect );
GetClientRect( hwnd, &clientRect ); = columnRect.bottom;
si.cbSize = sizeof(SCROLLINFO);
si.fMask = SIF_ALL;
GetScrollInfo( hwnd, SB_VERT, &si );
int OldPos = si.nPos;
int NewPos = si.nTrackPos;
// Rick these two lines cause the vertical scrollbar bounce
// which occurs when the scroll bar is dragged to the bottom
//int diff = NewPos % (;
//NewPos -= diff;
si.nPos = NewPos;
si.nTrackPos = NewPos;
SetScrollPos( hwnd, SB_VERT, NewPos, TRUE );
InvalidateRect( hwnd, NULL, TRUE );

Any comments?

AnswerRe: Hidden Rows Pin
darkoman27-Jun-06 5:14
memberdarkoman27-Jun-06 5:14 
GeneralRe: Hidden Rows Pin
Rickomurphy27-Jun-06 5:53
memberRickomurphy27-Jun-06 5:53 
GeneralNice Pin
Sharpmike17-Jun-06 19:31
memberSharpmike17-Jun-06 19:31 
GeneralRe: Nice Pin
darkoman17-Jun-06 20:25
memberdarkoman17-Jun-06 20:25 
GeneralSome more wishes... Pin
woj11713-Mar-06 4:31
memberwoj11713-Mar-06 4:31 
GeneralRe: Some more wishes... Pin
darkoman13-Mar-06 20:33
memberdarkoman13-Mar-06 20:33 
GeneralRe: Some more wishes... Pin
woj11713-Mar-06 22:28
memberwoj11713-Mar-06 22:28 
GeneralCDataGrid difficulties in SDI Pin
lukeevans8-Mar-06 23:49
memberlukeevans8-Mar-06 23:49 
GeneralRe: CDataGrid difficulties in SDI Pin
darkoman12-Mar-06 19:31
memberdarkoman12-Mar-06 19:31 
GeneralRe: CDataGrid difficulties in SDI Pin
lukeevans13-Mar-06 19:24
memberlukeevans13-Mar-06 19:24 
GeneralSome improves Pin
WiseWarrior4-Jan-06 23:06
memberWiseWarrior4-Jan-06 23:06 
GeneralRe: Some improves Pin
darkoman5-Jan-06 1:03
memberdarkoman5-Jan-06 1:03 
GeneralRe: Some improves Pin
WiseWarrior6-Jan-06 20:45
memberWiseWarrior6-Jan-06 20:45 
GeneralRe: Some improves Pin
darkoman6-Jan-06 21:39
memberdarkoman6-Jan-06 21:39 
GeneralAnother Bug too! Pin
Love In Snowing11-Jul-05 2:02
memberLove In Snowing11-Jul-05 2:02 
GeneralRe: Another Bug too! Pin
darkoman21-Jul-05 1:20
memberdarkoman21-Jul-05 1:20 
GeneralThis code does not work! Pin
PJ Arends10-Jul-05 11:45
memberPJ Arends10-Jul-05 11:45 

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