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Posted 12 Aug 2016

CRUD USING .NET CORE 1.0, ANGULARJS2, WEBAPI

, 13 Aug 2016
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In our previous article we have seen how to startup with .Net Core. In this article we will take a look on database operation according to previous sample application based previous concept.

If you are new to .Net Core, Please read previous post about .Net Core Startup

In this article we are going to explore,

  1. Create Database
  2. Use Entity Framework Core (Db First Approach),
    1. Overview EF Core
    2. Install Entity Framework
    3. Create Models
    4. Configure EF Service
  3. Use MVC 6
    1. Overview MVC6
    2. Use WebAPI
  4. Use AngularJS2
    1. Component,
    2. Route
    3. Service
  5. Configure Server
    1. Run App inside/outside IIS

Let’s get started with step by step:

Create Database Before we get started with IDE lets create a new database using SSMS2014. Name it as PhoneBook.

Create a table Named Contacts, copy & run the below script in SSMS2014

USE [PhoneBook]
GO

/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Contacts]    Script Date: 8/7/2016 11:28:55 AM ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Contacts](
	[ContactID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
	[FirstName] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[LastName] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[Phone] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[Email] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Contacts] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
	[ContactID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

GO

Let’s get started, following our previous topic I am going to use previous sample application, open it with Visual Studio 2015.

core_crud_1

It will automatically started restoring the dependencies. Build & run it. The application is working perfectly.

Install Entity Framework: Before install let’s have an overview on EF Core new Features:

  • Modelling: This includes Basic modelling, Data annotations, Relationships and much more.
  • Change Tracking: This includes Accessing tracked state, Snapshot, Notification change tracking.
  • SaveChanges: This includes Basic save functionality,Async SaveChanges,Transactions.
  • Query: This includes Basic LINQ support, Async query, Raw SQL queries
  • Database schema management: This includes Database creation/deletion APIs, Relational database migrations, and Reverse engineer from database.
  • Database providers: This includes EntityFramework.SqlServer, Sqlite, InMemory
  • Platforms: Supports Universal Windows Platform (UWP), .NET Core, Full .NET

Get more details about EF Core. Let’s add folders for Entity models in our sample app solution. core_crud_3

DbEntities: for model entities. The installation of EF is pretty much simple. Open project.json file, point tools section modify the section with below line.

"Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer": "1.0.0",
"Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final",
"Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer.Design": "1.0.0"

core_crud_4

Save changes after modification.

core_crud_5

Packages will automatically restored. Let’s get explanation what are those.

EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer: Database Provider, that allows Entity Framework Core to be used with Microsoft SQL Server.

EntityFrameworkCore.Tools: Command line tool for EF Core. Includes Commands

For Package Manager Console:

  • Scaffold-DbContext,
  • Add-Migration,
  • Udate-Database

For Command Window:

  • dotnet ef dbcontext scaffold

We will see how to use both command. EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer.Design: Design-time, that allows Entity Framework Core functionality (EF Core Migration) to be used with Microsoft SQL Server. To access the Command line tools we need to add EntityFrameworkCore.Tools in tools section of our project.json.

"Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final"

core_crud_6

Save changes after modification. Command in Package Manager Console: Open package manager console.

core_crud_7

Input below command then hit enter,

Scaffold-DbContext "Server=DESKTOP-4T79RA1;Database=PhoneBook;Trusted_Connection=True;" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer -OutputDir Models/DbEntities

 core_crud_8 core_crud_9

Command in Command Window: Open Command Window navigate to project directory, type

D:\Article\ASP-CORE\CRUD\CoreMVCAngular2\src\CoreMVCAngular>dotnet ef –help

Here a list of option will be shown in command window, we are going to use dbcontext in Commands.

core_crud_10

Next Input below command then hit enter,

D:\Article\ASP-CORE\CRUD\CoreMVCAngular2\src\CoreMVCAngular>dotnet ef dbcontext scaffold "Server=DESKTOP-4T79RA1;Database=PhoneBook;Trusted_Connection=True;" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer --output-dir Models/CwEntities

core_crud_11

Here is a screen shot of both process that execute & generate models. We will keep DbEntities folder to work with & will delete the other folder.

core_crud_12

Configure EF Service: In PhoneBookContext Class add constructor

public PhoneBookContext(DbContextOptions<PhoneBookContext> options) :
       base(options)
{
}

In Startup class we need to enable EF services providing the connectionstring to

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
  services.AddMvc();
  var connection = @"Server=DESKTOP-4T79RA1;Database=PhoneBook;Trusted_Connection=True;";
  services.AddDbContext<PhoneBookContext>(options => options.UseSqlServer(connection));
}

We have configure the EF services in our application, next we will work with MVC6 that is included in ASP.NET Core.

MVC 6: We have already discuss about MVC6 in our previous post, let’s have an overview on MVC6 new Features, once again:

  1. MVC+Web API+Web Pages = MVC6
  2. No System.Web
  3. Web pages & HTTP services is Unified
  4. Dependency injection built in
  5. Dynamic code compilation (Roslyn compiler)
  6. Open source &
  7. Support cross-platform build & run.
  8. Can be hosted in IIS or self-hosted(Outside IIS)

Ok, now let’s add a WebApi Controller to perform CRUD operation to database table. core_crud_13 In Solution Explorer add a new api folder, right click on it > Add New Item > Web API Controller Class > Add. Modify the initial template.

API Controller

[Route("api/[controller]")]
public class ContactController : Controller
{
    private PhoneBookContext _ctx = null;
    public ContactController(PhoneBookContext context)
    {
        _ctx = context;
    }
}

core_crud_14

You may notice that there is a new pattern [ ] in MVC6 attribute route, which is [RouteToken]. This mean that the route token is automatically take the controller name.

Like [Route("api/[controller]")] > [Route("api/Contact")]

Another thing is, we know Web API produces XML by default, now in MVC 6 we can set an attribute to change default produces to JSON type by putting attribute in Class label or on method label. In our case we have set it on method label.

[HttpGet("GetContact"), Produces("application/json")]

GET

// GET: api/Contact/GetContact
[HttpGet("GetContact"), Produces("application/json")]
public async Task<object> GetContact()
{
    List<Contacts> contacts = null;
    object result = null;
    try
    {
        using (_ctx)
        {
            contacts = await _ctx.Contacts.ToListAsync();
            result = new
            {
                contacts
            };
        }
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        ex.ToString();
    }
    return result;
}

POST

// POST api/Contact/PostContact
[HttpPost, Route("PostContact")]
public async Task<object> PostContact([FromBody]Contacts model)
{
    object result = null; int message = 0;
    if (model == null)
    {
        return BadRequest();
    }
    using (_ctx)
    {
        using (var _ctxTransaction = _ctx.Database.BeginTransaction())
        {
            try
            {
                _ctx.Contacts.Add(model);
                await _ctx.SaveChangesAsync();
                _ctxTransaction.Commit();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Success;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                _ctxTransaction.Rollback();
                e.ToString();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Error;
            }

            result = new
            {
                message
            };
        }
    }
    return result;
}

PUT

// PUT api/Contact/PutContact/5
[HttpPut, Route("PutContact/{id}")]
public async Task<object> PutContact(int id, [FromBody]Contacts model)
{
    object result = null; int message = 0;
    if (model == null)
    {
        return BadRequest();
    }
    using (_ctx)
    {
        using (var _ctxTransaction = _ctx.Database.BeginTransaction())
        {
            try
            {
                var entityUpdate = _ctx.Contacts.FirstOrDefault(x => x.ContactId == id);
                if (entityUpdate != null)
                {
                    entityUpdate.FirstName = model.FirstName;
                    entityUpdate.LastName = model.LastName;
                    entityUpdate.Phone = model.Phone;
                    entityUpdate.Email = model.Email;

                    await _ctx.SaveChangesAsync();
                }
                _ctxTransaction.Commit();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Success;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                _ctxTransaction.Rollback(); e.ToString();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Error;
            }

            result = new
            {
                message
            };
        }
    }
    return result;
}

DELETE

// DELETE api/Contact/DeleteContactByID/5
[HttpDelete, Route("DeleteContactByID/{id}")]
public async Task<object> DeleteContactByID(int id)
{
    object result = null; int message = 0;
    using (_ctx)
    {
        using (var _ctxTransaction = _ctx.Database.BeginTransaction())
        {
            try
            {
                var idToRemove = _ctx.Contacts.SingleOrDefault(x => x.ContactId == id);
                if (idToRemove != null)
                {
                    _ctx.Contacts.Remove(idToRemove);
                    await _ctx.SaveChangesAsync();
                }
                _ctxTransaction.Commit();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Success;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                _ctxTransaction.Rollback(); e.ToString();
                message = (int)responseMessage.Error;
            }

            result = new
            {
                message
            };
        }
    }
    return result;
}

So our Web API is ready to dealing with data to database, it’s time to work with client side scripting.  

AngularJS2: Our WebAPI is ready to deal with data from server. Now we are going to work in client-side code with typescript (.ts) files. First of all we need to create a master page to present our views in it. core_crud_15

Then we need to point this html file while app start, so let’s go to the startup.cs file to add below code snippet. This is the configuration for the default files Middleware.

Startup.cs

// app-specific root page(Index.html)
DefaultFilesOptions options = new DefaultFilesOptions();
options.DefaultFileNames.Clear();
options.DefaultFileNames.Add("/Index.html");

need to add library

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;

Now add script library reference to the html page & define view point to load our app component views.

<spa-app>
   <p>
      <img src="img/ajax_small.gif" />  Please wait ...
   </p>
</spa-app>

Then we need to reference our bootstrap file in our page, that import & enable the our angular script to the page.

<script>
   System.config({ packages: { 'app': { defaultExtension: 'js' } }, });
   System.import('app/main').then(null, console.error.bind(console));
</script>

Let’s put together all those in Index.html file.

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />
    <title></title>

    <base href="/">
    <script>document.write('<base href="' + document.location + '" />');</script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/es6-shim/es6-shim.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/angular2/angular2-polyfills.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/systemjs/system.src.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/rxjs/Rx.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/angular2/angular2.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/angular2/router.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib-npm/angular2/http.js"></script>

    <link href="../lib/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <spa-app>
            <p>
                <img src="img/ajax_small.gif" />  Please wait ...
            </p>
        </spa-app>

    </div>
    <script src="../lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib/bootstrap/dist/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        System.config({ packages: { 'app': { defaultExtension: 'js' } }, });
        System.import('app/main').then(null, console.error.bind(console));
    </script>
</body>
</html>

  Bootstrap, Model, Component & Route Main.ts

/*This is the spa bootstrap File*/

//---------Import Angular2------------
import {bootstrap}    from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {enableProdMode, provide} from 'angular2/core';

//---------Import External Components(Main Component)---------
import {MainComponent} from './app.component';

//---------Bootstrap Component---------
enableProdMode();
bootstrap(MainComponent);

App.component.ts

/*Component Default view For SpaRoute */

//---------Import Angular2------------
import {Component, provide} from 'angular2/core';
import {RouteConfig, ROUTER_DIRECTIVES, 
        ROUTER_PROVIDERS, LocationStrategy, 
        HashLocationStrategy, APP_BASE_HREF}                  from 'angular2/router';
 
//---------Import External Components---------
import {Home} from './home/home.component';
import {Contact} from './contact/contact.component';

//---------Declare Components---------
@Component({
    selector: 'spa-app',
    directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES], //decorate link 
    templateUrl: 'app/main.view.html',
    providers: [
        ROUTER_PROVIDERS,
        //provide(APP_BASE_HREF, { useValue: '/' })
        provide(LocationStrategy, { useClass: HashLocationStrategy })
    ]
})

//---------Declare Route Config---------
@RouteConfig([
    { path: '/', name: 'Home', component: Home, useAsDefault: true },
    { path: '/Contact/...', name: 'Contact', component: Contact }
])


//---------Export This Component Class---------
export class MainComponent {
    title: string;
    constructor() {
        this.title = 'Welcome to [.NetCore+MVC6+Angular2] SPA';
    }
}

  Home.ts

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';

@Component({
    selector: 'home',
    templateUrl: `app/home/home.view.html`
})
export class Home {
    constructor() {   
    }
}

Contact.model.ts

export class ContactModel {
    contactId: number;
    firstName: string;
    lastName: string;
    phone: string;
    email: string;
}

Contact.component.ts

//---------Import Angular2------------
import {Component}                                            from 'angular2/core';
import {ROUTER_DIRECTIVES, RouteConfig}                       from 'angular2/router';

//---------Import External Components---------
import {ContactMain}                                          from './contact.main';

//---------Declare Components---------
@Component({
    selector: 'contacts',
    template: `<router-outlet></router-outlet>`,
    directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES]
})
@RouteConfig([
    { path: '/', name: 'ManageContact', component: ContactMain, useAsDefault: true },
])
export class Contact {
    constructor() { }
}

  Contact.main.ts

//---------Import Angular2------------
import {Component, OnInit}                                     from 'angular2/core';
import {HTTP_PROVIDERS, Http}                                  from 'angular2/http';
import {ROUTER_DIRECTIVES, RouteConfig}                        from 'angular2/router';
import {FORM_DIRECTIVES,
    FormBuilder, Control, ControlGroup, Validators}            from 'angular2/common';

//---------Import External Components---------
import {ContactModel}                                          from './contact.model';
import {ContactService}                                        from './contact.service';
import {customvalidators}                                      from './customvalidators';

//---------Declare Components---------
@Component({
    selector: 'contact-list',
    templateUrl: `app/contact/contact.view.html`,
    directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES, FORM_DIRECTIVES],
    providers: [ContactService, HTTP_PROVIDERS]
})

//---------Export This Component Class---------
export class ContactMain implements OnInit {

    public resmessage: string;
    public addmessage: string;
    public listmessage: string;
    public contact: ContactModel;
    public contacts: ContactModel[];
    public editContactId: any

    //Form Control
    contactForm: ControlGroup;
    firstName: Control;
    email: Control;
    phone: Control;

    //Constructor
    constructor(private builder: FormBuilder,
        private contactService: ContactService) {
        this.addmessage = 'Add New Contact';
        this.listmessage = 'All Contact';
        this._formGroup();
    }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.resmessage = "";
        this.editContactId = 0;
        this.getContacts();
    }

    //Form Group
    _formGroup() {
        this.firstName = new Control('', Validators.required);
        this.email = new Control('', Validators.compose([Validators.required, customvalidators.emailValidator]));
        this.phone = new Control('');

        this.contactForm = this.builder.group({
            firstName: this.firstName,
            email: this.email,
            phone: this.phone
        });
    }

    //Get All 
    getContacts() {
        //debugger
        this.contactService.getContacts().subscribe(
            contacts => this.contacts = contacts
        );
    }

    //Save Form
    saveContact(contact) {
        //debugger
        this.contactService.saveContact(contact)
            .subscribe(response => {
                this.resmessage = response;
                this.getContacts();
                this.reset();
            });
    }

    //Get by ID
    editContact(e, m) {
        //debugger
        e.preventDefault();
        this.editContactId = m.contactId;
        this.contactService.getContactByID(m.contactId)
            .subscribe(response => {
                this.contact = response;
                this.firstName.updateValue(this.contact.firstName);
                this.email.updateValue(this.contact.email);
                this.phone.updateValue(this.contact.phone);
            });
    }

    //Save Form
    updateContact(contact: any) {
        //debugger
        if (this.editContactId > 0) {
            this.contactService.updateContact(contact, this.editContactId)
                .subscribe(response => {
                    this.resmessage = response;
                    this.getContacts();
                    this.reset();
                });
        }
    }

    //Delete
    deleteContact(e, m) {
        //debugger
        e.preventDefault();
        var IsConf = confirm('You are about to delete ' + m.firstName + '. Are you sure?');
        if (IsConf) {
            this.contactService.deleteContact(m.contactId)
                .subscribe(response => {
                    this.resmessage = response;
                    this.getContacts();
                });
        }
    }

    reset() {
        this.editContactId = 0;
        this._formGroup();
    }
}

Let’s take a closer look at below code snippet, we have the service method call in hare, but the unknown term Subscribe - What is it for? Below we have a simple explanation.

this.contactService.getContacts().subscribe(
            contacts => this.contacts = contacts
        );

Subscribe: The subscriber function to be passed to the Observable constructor.  

Services In our service file we have Http service [Get, GetByID, Post, Put, Delete] that connect with WebAPI to perform operation Create, Read, Update & Delete. GET ALL: Performs a request with `get` http method. For Collection of Object

/Get
    getContacts(): Observable<ContactModel[]> {
        //debugger
        return this._http.get(this._getUrl)
            .map(res => <ContactModel[]>res.json())
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

GET By ID: Performs a request with `get` http method. For Single Object

//GetByID
    getContactByID(id: string): Observable<ContactModel> {
        //debugger
        var getByIdUrl = this._getByIdUrl + '/' + id;
        return this._http.get(getByIdUrl)
            .map(res => <ContactModel>res.json())
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

POST: Performs a request with `post` http method.

//Post
    saveContact(contact: ContactModel): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        let body = JSON.stringify(contact);
        let headers = new Headers({ 'Content-Type': 'application/json' });
        let options = new RequestOptions({ headers: headers });

        //http.post(url: string, body: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.post(this._saveUrl, body, options)
            .map(res => res.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

PUT: Performs a request with `put` http method.

//Put
    updateContact(contact: ContactModel, id: string): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        var updateUrl = this._updateUrl + '/' + id;
        var body = JSON.stringify(contact);
        var headers = new Headers();
        headers.append('Content-Type', 'application/json');

        //http.post(url: string, body: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.put(updateUrl, body, { headers: headers })
            .map(response => response.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

DELETE: Performs a request with `delete` http method.

//Delete
    deleteContact(id: string): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        var deleteByIdUrl = this._deleteByIdUrl + '/' + id

        //http.post(url: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.delete(deleteByIdUrl)
            .map(response => response.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

Observable : [Observable<T>] A representation of any set of values over any amount of time. This the most basic building block of RxJS. Let’s put it together in Contact.service file.

Contact.service.ts

import {Injectable, Component}                            from 'angular2/core';
import {Http, Request, RequestMethod, Response,
    RequestOptions, Headers}                              from 'angular2/http';
import 'rxjs/Rx';
import {Observable}                                       from 'rxjs/Observable';
import {ContactModel}                                     from './contact.model';

@Component({
    providers: [Http]
})

@Injectable()
export class ContactService {
    public headers: Headers;
    constructor(private _http: Http) {
    }

    public _saveUrl: string = '/api/Contact/PostContact/';
    public _updateUrl: string = '/api/Contact/PutContact/';
    public _getUrl: string = '/api/Contact/GetContact/';
    public _getByIdUrl: string = '/api/Contact/GetContactByID/';
    public _deleteByIdUrl: string = '/api/Contact/DeleteContactByID/';

    //Get
    getContacts(): Observable<ContactModel[]> {
        //debugger
        return this._http.get(this._getUrl)
            .map(res => <ContactModel[]>res.json())
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    //GetByID
    getContactByID(id: string): Observable<ContactModel> {
        //debugger
        var getByIdUrl = this._getByIdUrl + '/' + id;
        return this._http.get(getByIdUrl)
            .map(res => <ContactModel>res.json())
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    //Post
    saveContact(contact: ContactModel): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        let body = JSON.stringify(contact);
        let headers = new Headers({ 'Content-Type': 'application/json' });
        let options = new RequestOptions({ headers: headers });

        //http.post(url: string, body: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.post(this._saveUrl, body, options)
            .map(res => res.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    //Put
    updateContact(contact: ContactModel, id: string): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        var updateUrl = this._updateUrl + '/' + id;
        var body = JSON.stringify(contact);
        var headers = new Headers();
        headers.append('Content-Type', 'application/json');

        //http.post(url: string, body: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.put(updateUrl, body, { headers: headers })
            .map(response => response.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    //Delete
    deleteContact(id: string): Observable<string> {
        //debugger
        var deleteByIdUrl = this._deleteByIdUrl + '/' + id

        //http.post(url: string, options ?: RequestOptionsArgs): Observable<Response>
        return this._http.delete(deleteByIdUrl)
            .map(response => response.json().message)
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    private handleError(error: Response) {
        return Observable.throw(error.json().error || 'Opps!! Server error');
    }
}

Let’s discus about form in angular2, there are two strategy of angular2 form

  1. Template-driven
  2. Model-driven

 Template-driven In template-driven form directive are added declaratively in the template.

<input id="firstName" type="text"

       class="form-control"

       placeholder="FirstName" [ngFormControl]="firstName" required>

Noticed that the validator is added declaratively with the input element “required”.  

Model-driven In our sample app we have used model-driven form that has ngFormModel & ngFormControl. Here ngFormControl is bind with input element to get the input values through the control.

ngFormModel: binding it to a controller variable “contactForm”

<form [ngFormModel]="contactForm">

ngFormControl

<input id="firstName" type="text" 

                       class="form-control" 

                       placeholder="FirstName" [ngFormControl]="firstName">

ControlGroup is contain of several Controls.

//Form Control
contactForm: ControlGroup;
firstName: Control;
email: Control;
phone: Control;

An Injected FormBulder use the builder to create the control group which is pass as key value pairs.

private builder: FormBuilder

//Form Group
_formGroup() {
    //Set Initial Values to the Control & Validators
    this.firstName = new Control('', Validators.required);
    this.email = new Control('', Validators.compose([Validators.required, customvalidators.emailValidator]));
    this.phone = new Control('');

    //Pass the grouped controls as key value pairs
    this.contactForm = this.builder.group({
        firstName: this.firstName,
        email: this.email,
        phone: this.phone
    });
}

The validations are also checked in our component. Below we have our Model-driven complete form. Form

<form [ngFormModel]="contactForm">
            <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error' : !firstName.valid }">
                <label class="control-label" for="firstName">Username</label>
                <em *ngIf="!firstName.valid">*</em>
                <input id="firstName" type="text" 

                       class="form-control" 

                       placeholder="FirstName" [ngFormControl]="firstName">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error' : !email.valid }">
                <label class="control-label" for="email">Email</label>
                <em *ngIf="!email.valid">*</em>
                <input id="email" type="email" 

                       class="form-control" 

                       placeholder="Email" [ngFormControl]="email">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <label class="control-label" for="phone">Phone</label>
                <input id="phone" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Phone" [ngFormControl]="phone">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-danger" (click)="reset()">Reset</button>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" (click)="saveContact(contactForm.value)" 

                        *ngIf="editContactId == 0" 

                        [disabled]="!contactForm.valid">Create</button>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success" (click)="updateContact(contactForm.value)" 

                        *ngIf="editContactId > 0" 

                        [disabled]="!contactForm.valid">Update</button>
            </div>
</form>

  Here is the complete contact view page which we have used in our application.

Contact.view.html

<div class="row">

    <div class="col-sm-4">
        <h3>Phone Book {{addmessage}}</h3>
        <form [ngFormModel]="contactForm">
            <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error' : !firstName.valid }">
                <label class="control-label" for="firstName">Username</label>
                <em *ngIf="!firstName.valid">*</em>
                <input id="firstName" type="text" 

                       class="form-control" 

                       placeholder="FirstName" [ngFormControl]="firstName">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error' : !email.valid }">
                <label class="control-label" for="email">Email</label>
                <em *ngIf="!email.valid">*</em>
                <input id="email" type="email" 

                       class="form-control" 

                       placeholder="Email" [ngFormControl]="email">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <label class="control-label" for="phone">Phone</label>
                <input id="phone" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Phone" [ngFormControl]="phone">
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-danger" (click)="reset()">Reset</button>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" (click)="saveContact(contactForm.value)" 

                        *ngIf="editContactId == 0" 

                        [disabled]="!contactForm.valid">Create</button>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success" (click)="updateContact(contactForm.value)" 

                        *ngIf="editContactId > 0" 

                        [disabled]="!contactForm.valid">Update</button>
            </div>
        </form>
        <span class="warning">{{resmessage}}</span>
    </div>
    <div class="col-sm-8">
        <h3>Phone Book {{listmessage}}</h3>
        <table style="width:100%" class="table table-striped">
            <tr>
                <th>ID</th>
                <th>Firstname</th>
                <th>Email</th>
                <th>Phone</th>
                <th>Option</th>
            </tr>
            <tr *ngFor="#contact of contacts">
                <td>{{ contact.contactId }}</td>
                <td>{{ contact.firstName }}</td>
                <td>{{ contact.email }}</td>
                <td>{{ contact.phone }}</td>
                <td>
                    <a href="javascript:void(0)"

                       (click)="deleteContact($event, contact)"

                       class="btn btn-danger btn-xs pull-right">Delete</a>
                    <a href="javascript:void(0)"

                       (click)="editContact($event, contact)"

                       class="btn btn-primary btn-xs pull-right">Edit</a>
                </td>
            </tr>
        </table>
    </div>
</div>

  This is all about from our angular section in our sample app, that we have used to perform client-end operation, now it’s time to build & run the application. Next we will get overview on server configuration.  

Configure Server: Outside IIS (Weblistener): We can host & run our application without an IIS environment, we need to add command object that tell the hosting to use the HTTP server weblistener (Windows-only).

"commands": {
    "OutsideIIS": "Microsoft.AspNet.Hosting --server Microsoft.AspNet.Server.Weblistener --server.urls http://localhost:5001"
  },

Make sure the dependencies is exist

"Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.WebListener": "0.1.0"

Now go to solution explorer right click project > properties > Debug , change the profile to OutsideIIS. core_crud_16 Set launch URL, then save & run the application. core_crud_17 Server will start with hosting environment details

core_crud_18

The application is running on url http://localhost:5000 with details request info.

core_crud_19

Inside IIS (Kestrel): Kestrel is a cross-platform web server which is run behind IIS or Nginx.

core_crud_20

Change to IIS Express from navigation bar dropdown list to run the application using IIS. Ok let’s run our application to see the way how it’s work.

Output: Here we can see the application output with welcome message & the data is listed from the server through our MVC6 –WebAPI. Here we can perform CRUD operation with required validation.  

core_crud_21

Hope this will help :)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Shashangka Shekhar
Software Developer (Senior) Amber Software Solution Ltd.
Bangladesh Bangladesh
Hi, I am Shashangka Shekhar,

Working with Microsoft Technologies. Since March 2011, it was my first step to working with Microsoft Technologies, achieved bachelor’s degree on Computer Science from State University of Bangladesh(Dhaka). Have 5+ years of professional experience, currently working as Senior Software Engineer at Amber Group(MIS).

I believe in desire of learning & also love to be a part of .Net Community by sharing knowledge’s.

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GeneralMy vote of 3 Pin
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GeneralNice Post Article Pin
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QuestionScaffold-DbContext Error Pin
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QuestionGetting Error Pin
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QuestionAbout index.html Pin
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GeneralGreat article Pin
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GeneralRe: Great article Pin
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