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Posted 3 Jan 2018
Licenced CPOL

Resizable UIWindow on iOS

, 3 Jan 2018
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Resizable UIWindow on iOS

I came across a Todo item in my inbox (I often email myself things todo) whilst tidying it up following Christmas, entitled "Make a resizable UIWindow". I can remember sending this to myself but not what I was reading or watching that prompted me to do it other than I thought it must be possible to play around with the default style of main UIWindow that an iOS App displays most of its content in.

Normally, when running an iOS App, the main UIWindow is black and takes up the entire devices screen. It is possible to have more than one UIWindow but the usual case for this is when content is being displayed on a secondary display, e.g. AirPlay. On MacOS, it is common to have many instances of UIWindow with these being displayed on the Mac's desktop. It's normal to think of an iOS device as having a desktop as when using an App (or multiple if using Multi-tasking), then the desktop/background is completely obscured.

None the less, UIWindow is a subclass of UIView. This inherently means it has a Frame, i.e., a position in it's parent space plus a width & height. I wondered if these could be altered - they can!

I wrote a very simple single page App which contains a UIView that by default has the screen dimensions and is coloured blue, on top of this, roughly in the centre is a red rectangle (a child UIView).

There are a set of 3 gesture recognisers (pinch, rotate & pan) that can be applied to either the Red Rect, the View or the underlying Window. Which one they're applied too is set using the Picker control hosted by the UIView.

The next picture shows all 3 components resized, rotated and moved around. Note how the Status Bar has almost disappeared due the black text colour now being on a black background (though the green battery indicator is still present) as no UIWindow is there.

By dragging the Window over the Status Bar, it's revealed again.

Next, the Red Rectangle has been completely detached from the its parent UIView. At this point, touch events do not seem to be sent to it any more.

Taking this further my moving (via the pan gesture) the View from off the Window, this too stops receiving input. At this one, nothing can be done with the App.

That's not completely true. The App can be rotated. This has some bizarre results probably not helped by there being no constraints.

The code for the App is available on GitHub though the code for ViewController is below:

The only slightly strange things happening here are:

  • The re-assignment of the Gesture Recognizers to the selected UIView.
  • For each of the methods invoked by the Gesture Recognizers, how they 'reset' the main parameter modified by the gesture after each invocation.

If you run the project, as there are multiple Gesture Recognizers but multiple simultaneous Gesture Recognition support hasn't been enabled, then in particular pinch & rotate must be discreet gestures. Also, rotation can be fiddly to get working especially if UI element has been pinched to a small size.

I'm not really aware of any practical application of this. It might be interesting to try and have 2 UIWindows displayed at the same time though I'm not sure this is possible and could easily be achieved with 2 UIViews. Perhaps to have 2 sub-apps each in its own UIWindow which can be swapped between.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Team Leader
United Kingdom United Kingdom
My day job is mostly working in C++ with a bit of C#. I write a fair amount of command line based tools and really wish they could have a GUI front-end to them hence why I spend my spare time working with WPF.

I started a blog few years back but didn't do a lot with it. I've started describing some of the interesting programming things I come across on it. Please take a look.

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