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Posted 25 Nov 2010

Silverlight 4 – Datagrid (Sorting, Grouping, Filtering and Paging) – Tip of the day

, 25 Nov 2010
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Datagrid (sorting, grouping, filtering and paging) in Silverlight 4

A Datagrid is an Excel like graphical user interface element that presents data in tabular format. It provides the ability to select, sort, group, filter, page, add, edit, delete from its associated data source.

In this article, I am going to discuss about the sorting, grouping, filtering and paging. Some of the features are built into Datagrid, say for example, sorting. But sometimes, we need to code them manually.

Before we start our journey, have a look at the diagram. If you understand the diagram, that’s good, if you don’t that’s even better. I will explain it as we proceed.

We can achieve the above functionalities in various ways (the hard way or the easy way). I am lazy and always looking for the easy way, so I prefer PagedCollectionView class. It represents a view for sorting, grouping, filtering, paging.

Simply, I can say PagedCollectionView is a collection view as a layer on top of a binding source collection that allows us to achieve the above functionalities without having to manipulating the underlying source. More easily, PagedCollectionView is a wrapper for your collection.

PagedCollectionView can act on any collection that implements the IEnumerable interface such as a ObservableCollection, List, etc.

Sorting

Namespace: System.ComponentModel
Assembly: WindowsBase (in WindowsBase.dll)

Sorting is the built in feature of the Datagrid and allows user to sort by clicking on the header of a column. But in our case, we will be sorting Datagrid based on the ComboBox item selection.

SortDescriptions collection of PagedCollectionView describes how items are sorted in view. SortDescriptions is a collection in which we can add more than one sort field. We add sort field by adding SortDescription that specifies which property will be used for sorting and the direction (ascending or descending order).

The quick steps are listed below:

  1. Clear the existing sorting from the collection.
  2. Create a SortDescription and pass the name of the property to sort and direction.
  3. Add the SortDescription to the SortDescriptions collection. Based on the requirements, we can add more than one SortDescription (so it can be done multilevel).
    //============================================================== //Sort data by Fieldname
    private void SortByFieldName(string prmFieldName)
    {
        //globalPVC is a PagedCollectionView object
        if (globalPVC != null &&  prmFieldName.Trim().Length>0)
        {
            globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Clear();
            globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Clear();
            globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Add(new SortDescription(prmFieldName.Trim(), 
                ListSortDirection.Ascending));
    
        }
    }
    //================================================================================== 

Grouping

Namespace: System.Windows.Data
Assembly: PresentationFramework (in PresentationFramework.dll)

Grouping is similar to sorting and can be done multilevel. For grouping, we are going to use PropertyGroupDescription property.

GroupDescriptions collection of PagedCollectionView describes how items are grouped in view. GroupDescriptions is collection in which we can add more than one Grouping. We add Grouping field by adding PropertyGroupDescription that specify which property will be used for grouping.

The quick steps are listed below:

  1. Clear the existing grouping from the collection.
  2. Create a PropertyGroupDescription and pass the name of the property to group.
  3. Add the PropertyGroupDescription to the GroupDescriptions collection of PagedCollectionView. Based on the requirements, we can add more than one PropertyGroupDescription (so it also can be done multilevel):
    //=======================================================================
    //Grouping data by Fieldname
    private void GroupByFieldName(string prmFieldName)
    {
        if (globalPVC != null && prmFieldName.Trim().Length>0)
        {
            //globalPVC is a PagedCollectionView object
            globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Clear();
            globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Clear();
            globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Add(new PropertyGroupDescription(
                prmFieldName.Trim()));
    
        }
    }
    //=========================================================================
    

Filtering

Namespace: System.Windows.Data
Assembly: System.Windows.Data (in System.Windows.Data.dll)

Filtering is used to determine whether an item is suited for inclusion in the view. This can be achieved by setting a callback method to the PagedCollectionView.Filter property.

Callback method provides the filtering logic. This callback method examines each row and indicates if the row should be included or excluded by returning true or false.

The quick steps are listed below:

  1. Remove the existing filter.
  2. Create a callback method that accepts a parameter of type Object.
  3. Set the callback method to the PagedCollectionView.Filter property.
    //===============================================================================
    void butFilter_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        //globalPVC is a PagedCollectionView object
        globalPVC.Filter = null;
        globalPVC.Filter = new Predicate<object>(DoFilter);
    }
    //Callback method
    private bool DoFilter(object o)
    {
        //it is not a case sensitive search
    
        Employee emp = o as Employee;
        if (emp != null)
        {
            if( emp.Name.ToLower().IndexOf (txtFilter.Text.Trim().ToLower()) >= 0 )
            {
                return true;
            }
            else
            {
               return false;
            }
        }
    
        return false;
    }
    //===========================================================================
    

Paging

PagedCollectionView is able to split data into multiple pages having a fixed number of rows per page. Paging is useful for large amount of data.

In Silverlight, paging became simpler because of DataPager control. The DataPager control provides a configurable user interface for paging through a data collection. We can bind the DataPager to any IEnumerable collection. In our case, we will bind DataPager with PagedCollectionView or ItemsSource of the Datagrid.

The following are the important properties from the data binding point of view:

  • PageSize – Number of rows to be displayed per page
  • DisplayMode – Defines the look of the DataPager
  • SourcePagedCollectionView or any collection that implements IEnumerable. You can modify the appearance of the DataPager by setting the DisplayMode property

Image source: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.windows.controls.datapager(v=VS.95).aspx

Now we will develop a small project which will target the above features. The end result will resemble the following one. This is not a fancy one, but will serve our purpose.

Step 1

Create a new Silverlight application project and name it whatever you like.

Step 2

First focus on the UI build. Open the MainPage.xaml and place the following code between UserControl tag. Now your XAML should be similar to the following:

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>            
<RowDefinition Height="25" />            
<RowDefinition Height="25" />            
<RowDefinition Height="25" />            
<RowDefinition Height="25" />            
<RowDefinition Height="227" />            
<RowDefinition Height="25" />
        
</Grid.RowDefinitions>
        
<StackPanel  Orientation="Horizontal"
 HorizontalAlignment="Left" Grid.Row="0">
            
<TextBlock Name="textBlock1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Text="Sort By:" 
    Height="20" Width="100" />
            
<ComboBox  Name="comSort" VerticalAlignment="Top"
 Width="330" />
        
</StackPanel>
        
<StackPanel  Orientation="Horizontal"
 HorizontalAlignment="Left" Grid.Row="1">
            
<TextBlock Name="textBlock3" VerticalAlignment="Top" Text="Group By:"
 Width="100" />
            
<ComboBox  Name="comGroup" VerticalAlignment="Top" 
Height="20" Width="330" />
        
</StackPanel>
        
<StackPanel  Orientation="Horizontal"
 HorizontalAlignment="Left" Grid.Row="2">
            
<TextBlock Name="textBlock4" 
VerticalAlignment="Top" Text="Search by name :"
 Width="100" />
            
<TextBox Name="txtFilter" Width="330"/>            
<Button Name="butFilter" Content="Search" Width="50" />        
</StackPanel>        
        
<StackPanel  Orientation="Horizontal"
 HorizontalAlignment="Left" Grid.Row="3">
            
<TextBlock Name="textBlock5" 
VerticalAlignment="Top" Text="Enable Pagin"
 Width="100" />
            
<CheckBox x:Name="chkPaging" />
        
</StackPanel>    
        
<sdk:DataGrid x:Name="dgEmployee" AutoGenerateColumns="True"  
                     
 Grid.Row="4" Height="211" Margin="0,16,0,0"  
                     
 VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="453"
 HorizontalAlignment="Left" />
                
<sdk:DataPager x:Name="pagerEmployee" PageSize="3"
                      
 DisplayMode="PreviousNext" 
                      
 NumericButtonCount="3" Grid.Row="5"
                      
 Height="24" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
 VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="0,0,147,0" Width="450"
                      
 Visibility="Collapsed"></sdk:DataPager>
     
</Grid>

Step 3

In order to keep the project simple, we will work on in memory data (a future article will work on real data from database). So at this stage, we are going to create and code an Employee class. The following is the Employee class:

public class Employee
{
    public int EmployeeID { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Department { get; set; }
    public double Salary { get; set; }
}

Step 4

Now the code behind:

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

namespace FirstDataGridC
{
    public partial class MainPage : UserControl
    {
        PagedCollectionView globalPVC;
        public MainPage()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            //Populate Sort and Group Combo
            PopulateCombos();

            //Load Employee and Populate Datagrid
            LoadEmployee();

            //Selection Changed Event for Sort and Group Combo
            comSort.SelectionChanged += new SelectionChangedEventHandler(
                comSort_SelectionChanged);
            comGroup.SelectionChanged += new SelectionChangedEventHandler(
                comGroup_SelectionChanged);

            //Click Event Handler
            butFilter.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(butFilter_Click);

            chkPaging.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(chkPaging_Click);
        }

        void chkPaging_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (chkPaging.IsChecked == true)
            {
                //avtivate datapager
                //pagerEmployee.Source = globalPVC;
                pagerEmployee.Source = dgEmployee.ItemsSource;
                pagerEmployee.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
            }
            else {
                //deactivate datapager
                pagerEmployee.Source = null;
                pagerEmployee.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed ;
                LoadEmployee();
            }
        }

        void butFilter_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            globalPVC.Filter = null;
            globalPVC.Filter = new Predicate<object>(DoFilter);
        }

        //Callback method
        private bool DoFilter(object o)
        {
            //it is not a case sensitive search
            Employee emp = o as Employee;
            if (emp != null)
            {
                if( emp.Name.ToLower().IndexOf (txtFilter.Text.Trim().ToLower()) >= 0 )
                {
                    return true;
                }
                else
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
            return false;
        }
        void comGroup_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            string localItem = comGroup.SelectedItem as string;
            GroupByFieldName(localItem);
        }

        //Grouping data by Fieldname
        private void GroupByFieldName(string prmFieldName)
        {
            if (globalPVC != null && prmFieldName.Trim().Length>0)
            {
                globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Clear();
                globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Clear();
                globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Add(new PropertyGroupDescription(
                    prmFieldName.Trim()));
            }
        }

        void comSort_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            string localItem = comSort.SelectedItem as string;
            SortByFieldName(localItem.Trim());
        }

        //Sort data by Fieldname
        private void SortByFieldName(string prmFieldName)
        {
            if (globalPVC != null &&  prmFieldName.Trim().Length>0)
            {
                globalPVC.GroupDescriptions.Clear();
                globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Clear();
                globalPVC.SortDescriptions.Add(new SortDescription(prmFieldName.Trim(), 
                    ListSortDirection.Ascending));
            }
        }

        //Loading dummy data
        private void LoadEmployee()
        {
            ObservableCollection<Employee> objColEmp = 
                new ObservableCollection<Employee>();
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 1, 
                Name = "Sumon Barua", Department = "IT", Salary = 10 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 2, Name = "Sharmila Barua",
                Department = "Finance", Salary = 11 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 3, Name = "Sujan Barua",
                Department = "IT", Salary = 8 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 4, Name = "Saurov Barua",
                Department = "Finance", Salary = 8 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 5, Name = "Raj1", 
                Department = "IT", Salary = 20 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 6, Name = "Raj2", 
                Department = "IT", Salary = 25 });
            objColEmp.Add(new Employee { EmployeeID = 7, Name = "Raj3", 
                Department = "IT", Salary = 8 });
           globalPVC = new PagedCollectionView(objColEmp);
           dgEmployee.ItemsSource = globalPVC;
        }

        //Populating ComboBox
        private void PopulateCombos()
        {
            comSort.Items.Add("----- Select a field name -----");
            comSort.Items.Add("Name");
            comSort.Items.Add("Department");
            comSort.Items.Add("Salary");
            comSort.SelectedIndex = 0;

            comGroup.Items.Add("-----Select a field name -----");
            comGroup.Items.Add("Name");
            comGroup.Items.Add("Department");
            comGroup.Items.Add("Salary");
            comGroup.SelectedIndex = 0;
        }
    }
}  

To top it all, I hope this basic introduction of Datagrid gave you a basic insight and hopefully you can use it to your advantage.

Happy coding!

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Sumon Barua
Software Developer (Senior) Lavender
Australia Australia
No Biography provided

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