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Posted 29 Jan 2007

Linear and Logarithmic Display of 2D Data, An Enhancement

, 13 Mar 2007
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The DataPlotter is a .NET control for graphical display of 2D data. For both the X and Y axis, a linear or logarithmic (any base) scaling can be selected.
Sample Image - DataPlotter2007.jpg

Introduction

This is an enhancement made in 2007 of the famous DataPlotter introduced in 2003 by Hans-Jürgen Schmidt. It includes requests raised meanwhile. In this article, I have included the Introduction, Background, and Using the Code sections from the original article. Finally, I have added my enhancements.

The DataPlotter is a .NET control for graphical display of 2D data. For both the X and Y axis, a linear or logarithmic (any base) scaling can be selected. Also for both axis, the data range can be specified.

Maybe it is of interest to somebody else out there. At least, it can be used as another sample on how to fiddle with GDI+ in .NET.

Background

For charting in the .NET world, there is still the good old MSChart ActiveX control or you have to buy one of the new .NET controls on the market.

Since neither the MSChart control made me happy for my purpose nor did I want to spend money, I decided to start something on my own. This project is nothing fancy or new -- it's just my first step in .NET graphics.

Using the Code

The implementation of DataPlotter is quite simple: It's a .NET Windows control library with a bunch of properties. Everything else happens in the OnPaint function.

These are the properties:

Color ColorDrawThe color of the data line
Color ColorGridThe color of the gird lines
Color ColorBgThe background color
Color ColorAxisThe color of the axis and text
Font FontAxisThe font for the text
long PenWidthThe width of the data line
DrawModeType drawModeDraw mode for the data points (Line, Dot, Bar,Curve)
long BorderTopThe internal border at the top
long BorderLeftThe internal border at the left
long BorderBottomThe internal border at the bottom
long BorderRightThe internal border at the right
double XRangeStartThe start of the data range on the x axis
double XRangeEndThe end of the data range on the x axis
double YRangeStartThe start of the data range on the y axis
double YRangeEndThe end of the data range on the y axis
double XGridThe spacing for the linear grid in x direction. Ignored for log. views
double YGridThe spacing for the linear grid in y direction. Ignored for log. views
long XLogBaseThe base for log. views in x direction. If < 2, then a linear view is displayed
long YLogBaseThe base for log. views in y direction. If < 2, then a linear view is displayed
double[] XDataThe data to be displayed for x
double[] YDataThe data to be displayed for y

Enhancements

GridDrawModeType XGridDrawMode

The way the vertical grid for x-values is drawn
(Line, Dashed, Dotted, TickOutside)

GridDrawModeType YGridDrawMode

The way the horizontal grid for y-values is drawn
(Line, Dashed, Dotted, TickOutside)

string XLabelFormat

The format string for the x-value label

string YLabelFormat

The format string for the y-value label

Rectangle ChartArea

The inner (active) area of the chart

Point CalculatePoint(double x, double y)

Calculates the coordinate for a x and y value

A few hints on some properties:

  • The borders define the inner axis rectangle. Use bigger borders on the left and bottom to have enough space for the scaling numbers.
  • If a LogBase property is below 2, then a linear scaling is selected. Otherwise the number is the base for logarithmic scaling. Typically use 0 for linear and 10 for logarithmic scales.
  • For logarithmic scaling, use full decades for the RangeStart and RangeEnd properties, e.g. 0.01 to 1000 for a LogBase of 10.
  • The Data arrays must be of the same size of course.
  • The standard format string is "g" which is a 5 digit floating point. More details are found at double.ToString(string).

A short walkthrough of the OnPaint function:

  • Check the property values for consistency.
  • Prepare the graphical tools. There are pens for the graph, grid lines and axis and a brush for scale numbering.
  • The inner axis rectangle is calculated by deducting the border properties from the client rectangle size.
  • The inner rectangle (= ChartArea) is adjusted to fit equidistant grid lines.
  • The grid lines are drawn for X and Y directions, according to the format setting.
  • Here also the formatted scale numbers are written.
  • The scale numbers are drawn in a way to avoid overlap.
  • Then the axis rectangle is created.
  • The data arrays are transformed into an array of points. The values from RangeStart to RangeEnd are mapped onto points of the axis grid considering the LogBase scales. Invalid points (detected by the exception handler) are skipped by reusing the last valid point.
  • A clipping rectangle avoids lines drawn outside the chart area.
  • The points are drawn according to the DrawMode.

The DataPlotter is an assembly that can be used as shown in the DataPlotterTest application. This demo has four buttons with sample data for the possible linear/logarithmic scaling. There is also a property grid to see/change the DataPlotter's properties.

Where To Go From Here

The current implementation of DataPlotter served my purpose quite well. But there are many useful extensions and enhancements I can think of:

  • Use more than one set of data to be drawn in different colors in the same diagram
  • Add description properties like title, names for the axis etc.
  • Extend draw modes, e.g. dotted or dashed lines etc.

Help yourself and let me know about your own enhancements.

Well, as you see, enhancements are easy on such a good base. Hans-Jürgen, thank you!

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Guenther Klenner
Web Developer
Germany Germany
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

 
Generalfind x data from y Pin
ganeaysh18-Feb-09 20:01
memberganeaysh18-Feb-09 20:01 
QuestionSecond Line [modified] Pin
XsiXmaX29-Mar-07 1:26
memberXsiXmaX29-Mar-07 1:26 
AnswerRe: Second Line Pin
Guenther Klenner16-May-07 2:22
memberGuenther Klenner16-May-07 2:22 
GeneralMore Charting Libraries Pin
pita200013-Mar-07 19:55
memberpita200013-Mar-07 19:55 
Generallogarithmic scale Pin
XsiXmaX5-Mar-07 3:03
memberXsiXmaX5-Mar-07 3:03 
AnswerRe: logarithmic scale Pin
Guenther Klenner5-Mar-07 9:30
memberGuenther Klenner5-Mar-07 9:30 
GeneralRe: logarithmic scale Pin
XsiXmaX5-Mar-07 21:35
memberXsiXmaX5-Mar-07 21:35 
AnswerRe: logarithmic scale Pin
Guenther Klenner13-Mar-07 8:53
memberGuenther Klenner13-Mar-07 8:53 

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