Vista's BCD (Boot Configuration Data) replaces the boot.ini file used in previous Windows versions. The primary audience for this script is a system Administrator who needs to automate some aspect of how a Vista machine boots.
Microsoft does provide documentation on how to examine and update the BcdStore (i.e. the registry file that contains the BCD), but the information is spread over several sources. There are few decent examples of using VBScript to examine or update BcdStore information.
This script is intended as a working sample that can be used as a starting point to provide some automation. By replicating the output of the "bcdedit /enum active" command, people can see how to extract boot-related information.
WMI is a large and complicated topic. For readers unfamiliar with WMI, I would recommend this URL as a good introduction in what WMI is, and how to use it with VBScript.
Microsoft's documentation for BCD can be found in:
- Vista Software Development Kit
- MSDN Library, "Boot Configuration Data (BCD)"
- "Boot Configuration Data in Windows Vista"
Using the Code
The script displays lines of text, similar to Vista's "bcdedit.exe" command line utility. Therefore the program should be run as a cscript:
Alternatively, you can set your default scripting host to
cscript by issuing the command:
In this case, the leading cscript can be omitted when you run any .vbs file.
Points of Interest
The BCD stores logical drive information in the form:
Unfortunately there is no simple way (that I know of) to convert that to a drive letter (e.g. C:) using VBScript. The DDK function
ZwQuerySymbolicLinkObject() can be used to obtain the drive letter from a \Device\HarddiskVolumeX reference.
- Uploaded on April 1, 2007 - Initial version