I just had a look at the MSDN articles on
CStatusBar, and to my surprise, I found it so easy to use.
First of all, a status bar contains several 'panes'. Each pane is a rectangular area of the status bar that you can use to display information. As you know, many applications display the status of the CAPS, NUM LOCK, and other keys in the rightmost panes. These panes, by default, have a 3-D border around them. The leftmost pane (pane 0), sometimes called the 'message pane', has the
BPS_NOBORDERS style, and therefore doesn’t have any border surrounding it. This pane is usually used to display a
string explaining the currently selected menu item or toolbar button. Furthermore, by default, the 'message pane' is 'elastic': it takes up the area of the status-bar not used by the other indicator panes, so that the other panes are always right-aligned.
To add a customized pane to display your own message on the status bar, it only takes the following 6 steps. For this example, we are going to display the current time at the rightmost location of the status bar. It will be updated every 60 seconds.
First of all, add a new entry to your
string table with an ID of
ID_INDICATOR_TIME and a caption of
'%5s “. The extra spaces are to give you a little more room in the pane so the text will not be clipped.
ID_INDICATOR_TIME to the
indicators array in the MainFrm.cpp file as the last entry (so that it will appear as the rightmost item on status bar).
Third, in the message map in mainfrm.h, add the following:
afx_msg void OnUpdateTimeIndicator(CcmdUI *pCmdUI);
Fourth, in MainFrm.cpp, add the macro call:
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI ( ID_INDICATOR_TIME,OnUpdateTimeIndicator)
Fifth, in MainFrm.cpp, create the function body:
void CMainFrame::OnUpdateTimeIndicator(CCmdUI *pCmdUI)
Last of all, update the variable time every 60 seconds:
#define TIME_STATUSBAR 1
class CMainFrame : public CFrameWnd
void CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
SetTimer(TIME_STATUSBAR, 60000, NULL);
Memset(time, ‘\0’, 7);
void CMainFrame::OnTimer(UINT nIDEvent)
if ( nIDEvent == TIME_STATUSBAR )
strncpy(time, tempchar, 5);
The secret here is, whenever variable time changes, the display changes during the next idle loop. This is done automatically by MFC. Isn’t it nice?
If you wish, you can download the sample project, which does the same as described above.
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