This program creates three balls on your desktop. If you move the cursor towards them, they move around and jump towards your cursor, trying to catch it. If they succeed, they will pull your cursor with them and you have to get rid of them by waiting or clicking around with your mouse.
First I wanted to create some sort of robot, which duplicates itself, and its children do that again, and again, and again... But as it did not work as expected, I created this out of the code I had so far - just to let you know why the project name is
Using the Program
Just execute the program and see the balls bouncing around. Try to avoid them. To get rid of them after they catch you, just left-click a few times. If you want to close the program, right-click on one of them (e.g. when one catches you). The current state of the robot is presented by the filled circle in the middle. Red is
Attack, blue is
Follow, grey is
Standby and black represents
Using the Code
The graphical representation, as described further in my other articles, is done by a transparent Form. Each robot has its own dialog.
But the more interesting part is the movement/AI:
public void Loop()
As soon as the form is shown, a thread is created which processes the action part. The thread calls two methods as long as the robot is there. The first one is the
Think() part. It "analyses" the current situation and decides what to do, where to walk, where to jump. The second one is the
Act() part, which actually handles the physics (gravity, bouncing, movement).
public enum eBrain
Think() part uses a brain state
eBrain to describe the current situation. In this case,
Idle is used as a deciding part. It decides which brain state comes next depending on the distance to the target, and it is set when the current condition for the current brain state is no longer valid.
The actions taken by the brain are represented by the functions
Jump(int y) and
Stand(). They just change the current velocity a bit and depend on being called on every tick, so that after some ticks, the expected movement is done.
Act() part then moves the ball around and applies gravity, friction and other physical properties to it.
The AI is done here by a thread containing the AI and the physics, which calls the
Think() part every time, which in turn causes the movement to be changed a little on every tick.