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Posted 12 Jan 2000

How to place controls on toolbars

, 12 Jan 2000
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How to place combo-boxes, edit boxes, progress controls, etc. into toolbars
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It is very easy (once you see how it is done) to place combo-boxes, edit boxes, progress controls, etc. into toolbars. Below are two examples of this, in the first a ComboBox is placed on a toolbar, and in the second a cluster of checkboxes is added. In both cases the technique is the same:

Step 1: Place a button on the toolbar in the spot where you want the control(s) to eventually be. YOU MUST place a seperator on either side of the button!. Give the button an easily remembered resource name such as IDP_PLACEHOLDER2 in the example below.

Step 2: Derive a class from CToolBar and give it a member variable for the control you will be creating. For the ComboBox example that class looks like this. No extra methods are required, just a place for the instance of the control to live.

class CMainToolBar : public CToolBar 
    CComboBox m_wndSnap;

Step 3: In your main frame's .h file replace the instance of the CToolBar with you new class. Be sure to add an include statement for the class definition created in step 1.

protected: // control bar embedded members
    CStatusBar m_wndStatusBar;
    CMainToolBar m_wndToolBar;

Step 4: At the end of your main frame's OnCreate method you replace the placeholder button with your control as follows:

int SMCMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
    //Body of On Create goes here

    #define SNAP_WIDTH 80 //the width of the combo box

    //set up the ComboBox control as a snap mode select box
    //First get the index of the placeholder's position in the toolbar
    index = 0;
    while (m_wndToolBar.GetItemID(index) != IDP_PLACEHOLDER2) index++;

    //next convert that button to a seperator and get its position
    m_wndToolBar.SetButtonInfo(index, IDP_PLACEHOLDER2, TBBS_SEPARATOR,
    m_wndToolBar.GetItemRect(index, &rect);

    //expand the rectangle to allow the combo box room to drop down;
    rect.bottom += 200;

    // then .Create the combo box and show it
    if (!m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.Create(WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|CBS_AUTOHSCROLL| 
                                       rect, &m_wndToolBar, IDC_SNAP_COMBO))
        TRACE0("Failed to create combo-box\n");
        return FALSE;

    //fill the combo box
    m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.AddString("SNAP OFF");
    m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.AddString("SNAP GRID");
    m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.AddString("SNAP RASTER");
    m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.AddString("SNAP VERTEX");
    m_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.AddString("SNAP LINE");

The result looks like this:

Here is one that is a little trickier:

Four check boxes are placed in the toolbar. In addition to adding multiple controls in place of a single button this example shows how to change the font of the checkboxes.

1. Derive the new toolbar class and add it to the main frame. Also add a CFont called gSmallFont to the Main Frame.

class CCoupleToolBar : public CToolBar
    CButton m_wndCenter;
    CButton m_wndEdge;
    CButton m_wndTrack;
    CButton m_wndZoom;

2. Place a placeholder button on the toolbar resource MAKING SURE to leave a space on either side. This is done just as in the first example.

3. At the end of OnCreate in the main frame, first set up the font we are going to use, then replace the placeholder button with the new controls.

int CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
    // Body of OnCreate here
    //set up the small font to use for the button text
    // remember to declare CFont gSmallFont in the .h file
    // font for tool bar use
    CClientDC DC(GetDesktopWindow());
    long logical_pixels = DC.GetDeviceCaps(LOGPIXELSX);
    if(logical_pixels <100)

        gSmallFont.CreatePointFont(67, "DEFAULT", NULL);  
        gSmallFont.CreatePointFont(50, "DEFAULT", NULL); 
    //create the four check boxes  
    #define CHECK_WIDTH 94  
    int index;   
    CRect rect;   
    CRect safe_rect;
    index = 0;  
    while (m_wndViewBar.GetItemID(index) != IDP_PLACHOLDER) index++;     
    // Create the "CENTER" check box   
    m_wndViewBar.SetButtonInfo(index, IDP_PLACHOLDER, TBBS_SEPARATOR,
    m_wndViewBar.GetItemRect(index, &rect); 
    rect.left +=2;   
    rect.right=rect.left + ((CHECK_WIDTH / 2)-4);; + 10;   
    if (!m_wndViewBar.m_wndCenter.Create("CNTR",
        BS_CHECKBOX|WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE, rect, &m_wndViewBar,
        TRACE0("Failed to create CENTER check-box\n");       
        return FALSE;    
        (WPARAM)HFONT(gSmallFont),TRUE); = rect.bottom += 2;   
    rect.bottom = + 10;    
    if (!m_wndViewBar.m_wndEdge.Create("EDGE",
        BS_CHECKBOX|WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE, rect, &m_wndViewBar,
        TRACE0("Failed to create EDGE check-box\n");        
        return FALSE; 
        (WPARAM)HFONT(gSmallFont), TRUE);
    rect = safe_rect;
    rect.left += ((CHECK_WIDTH / 2) + 4); = 2;

    rect.bottom = + 10; 
    if (!m_wndViewBar.m_wndZoom.Create("ZOOM",
        BS_CHECKBOX|WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE, rect, &m_wndViewBar,
        TRACE0("Failed to create ZOOM check-box\n");    
        return FALSE;   
        (WPARAM)HFONT(gSmallFont),TRUE); = rect.bottom += 2;   
    rect.bottom = + 10;  
    if (!m_wndViewBar.m_wndTrack.Create("TRKR",
        BS_CHECKBOX|WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE, rect, &m_wndViewBar,
        TRACE0("Failed to create EDGE check-box\n");    
        return FALSE;   
        (WPARAM)HFONT(gSmallFont), TRUE); 


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Randy More
United States United States
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Comments and Discussions

QuestionHow does this works on a splitter frame toolbar? Pin
fdkhb4-Jan-09 16:20
memberfdkhb4-Jan-09 16:20 
Questionm_wndToolBar.m_wndSnap.Create(......)? Pin
bonmeepon26-Feb-06 20:29
memberbonmeepon26-Feb-06 20:29 
GeneralHandling return Pin
hairy_hats3-Oct-05 6:17
memberhairy_hats3-Oct-05 6:17 
GeneralDraw on Toolbar button Pin
Anything.J25-Mar-05 0:57
memberAnything.J25-Mar-05 0:57 
GeneralFont In Combobox In Toolbar Pin
Kourosh Nosrati7-Jan-05 23:33
professionalKourosh Nosrati7-Jan-05 23:33 
GeneralHandle to the MENU Pin
Alex Evans16-Nov-04 14:22
memberAlex Evans16-Nov-04 14:22 
GeneralThat looks familiar... Pin
Anna-Jayne Metcalfe16-Apr-04 4:49
memberAnna-Jayne Metcalfe16-Apr-04 4:49 
GeneralCatching Messages from CView Pin
Pinhead_Me31-Mar-04 10:38
memberPinhead_Me31-Mar-04 10:38 
GeneralRe: Catching Messages from CView Pin
*Dreamz2-Apr-04 3:20
member*Dreamz2-Apr-04 3:20 
GeneralRe: Catching Messages from CView Pin
Pinhead_Me2-Apr-04 7:00
memberPinhead_Me2-Apr-04 7:00 
Generalthe &quot;little&quot; ComboBox Pin
Cynicannibal30-Oct-03 0:55
memberCynicannibal30-Oct-03 0:55 
GeneralCatch Index Pin
thim7-Oct-03 3:41
memberthim7-Oct-03 3:41 
GeneralRe: Catch Index Pin
Thimpat7-Oct-03 5:06
memberThimpat7-Oct-03 5:06 
QuestionWhy can't I place a CStatic on the toolbar? Pin
Highersong5-Jun-03 1:28
memberHighersong5-Jun-03 1:28 
AnswerRe: Why can't I place a CStatic on the toolbar? Pin
Brendan Tregear6-Aug-03 16:41
memberBrendan Tregear6-Aug-03 16:41 
GeneralRe: Why can't I place a CStatic on the toolbar? Pin
vikas amin29-Sep-05 0:05
membervikas amin29-Sep-05 0:05 
QuestionHow to Catch Event from the VB ActiveX Control from ToolBar ? Pin
DominicOn1-May-03 11:39
memberDominicOn1-May-03 11:39 
GeneralMenu on toolbar Pin
CSZX3-Apr-02 23:49
memberCSZX3-Apr-02 23:49 
QuestionHow to use Drop Down Arrow to show a wnd, just as what the arrow by Undo-button does in Visual Studio? Pin
msvcna26-Mar-02 17:46
membermsvcna26-Mar-02 17:46 
GeneralResizing Embedded Controls Pin
Marcus Carey21-Mar-02 15:06
memberMarcus Carey21-Mar-02 15:06 
Generalset focus & lost focus Pin
piyer19-Mar-02 22:56
memberpiyer19-Mar-02 22:56 
GeneralCapturing data from ComboBox Pin
Stew2-Jan-02 6:30
memberStew2-Jan-02 6:30 
GeneralWondering what I'm doing wrong Pin
Stew1-Jan-02 17:50
memberStew1-Jan-02 17:50 
I'm getting an error at the following line of code:

while (m_wndToolBar.GetItemID(index) != IDP_PLACEHOLDER2) index++;

I'm not sure what I'm missing. I must have missed something in the OnCreate before this line of code, but I'm not sure what it is. I created the Toolbar class that I'm using and declared the two CComboBox members. I'm just not uerstanding how to get everything working together.

GeneralRe: Wondering what I'm doing wrong Pin
28-Jun-02 15:43
suss28-Jun-02 15:43 
Generalsome code to enable checkboxes Pin
6-Dec-01 4:13
suss6-Dec-01 4:13 

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