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Posted 28 May 2002

CDialogEx, CPropertySheetEx2 classes with status bar, toolbar and tool tips

, 28 Sep 2002
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CDialogEx and CPropertySheetEx2 are classes derived from CDialog and CPropertySheetEx with support for status bar, toolbar and tool tips

CDialogEx and CPropertySheetEx2


When I saw Nish's article with a status bar in dialog window I finally decided to publish my CDialogEx and CPropertySheetEx2 classes with support for status bar, toolbar and tool tips. I had similar problem a while ago, when I needed to develop simple application, but with not too ugly interface.

It is not complicated task to have a status bar or toolbar at the dialog window. It becomes little bit more tricky, when you want to do it right way - show tool tips and corresponding status bar messages to these tool tips - and that's the reason, why there is usually status bar, isn't it?. Fortunately I found some information in MSND and got it working.

There is sample DLGCBR32 with description how to add control bars to CDialog. My classes are based on this sample and are extended to keep usage of its functionality as simple as possible.

Description of solution

CDialog and CPropertySheet do not contain similar function to CFrameWnd where all the processing of messages related to control bars is done. It is necessary duplicated this functionality for windows not derived from CFrameWnd. However, this task is more difficult, if you want support modal and modeless dialog windows, where not all messages are sent as you might expect.

As you can see from following message map:


there is the handler for WM_ENTERIDLE message, where CFrameWnd process WM_ENTERIDLE to update status bar. The same scenario is working for CDialog only when it is modal and it is not main application window. Workaround for different situations is handling WM_KICKIDLE. Rest of message map is for handling messages for tool tips and updating user interface (menu and status bar).


Using CDialogEx is as simple as deriving your dialog class from CDialog. You can use class wizard to derive your dialog from CDialog and then just replace all references to CDialog with CDialogEx. You have to implement OnInitDialog() and call function InitDialogEx() from within it.

BOOL InitDialogEx(BOOL btool tips = FALSE, BOOL bStatusBar = FALSE, 
                  UINT *pIndicators = NULL,
                  UINT nIndicators = 0, UINT uiToolBar = 0, 
                  DWORD dwToolBarStyle = TBSTYLE_FLAT | WS_CHILD | 
                                         WS_VISIBLE | CBRS_TOP | 
                                         CBRS_GRIPPER | CBRS_TOOLTIPS | 
                                         CBRS_FLYBY | CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC);

Set btool tips to TRUE if you want to use tool tips. Set bStatusBar to TRUE, if you want to show status bar. If you will not specify pIndicators and nIndicators when bStatusBar is TRUE, then CDialogEx will show default status bar with indicators for Num Lock, Caps Lock and Scroll Lock. Otherwise you can provide definition for you own status bar in these parameters. Parameter uiToolBar is resource ID of your toolbar with styles specified in dwToolBarStyle.

Last thing to do is to add string AFX_IDS_IDLEMESSAGE to your resources. Its ID has to be 57345. This string is shown in the status bar when application is in idle state, usually you can use string like 'Ready'.

The same setup applies for using CPropertySheetEx2. Only function to call from InitDialogEx() has name InitPropertySheetEx2() and one parameter more for resource ID of menu to show. And, off course, you have to derive your pages from CPropertyPageEx2 class.

Demo programs

Demo program CDialogExDemo and CPropertySheetEx2Demo demonstrate using CDialogEx in the different scenarios, as a modal or modeless main application window, or as a child window.


  • 24 Sep 2002 - couple of bugs removed, new demo program for CPropertySheetEx2 - credits to Cyril Boutamine and Jonathan de Halleux


This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


About the Author

Martin Ziacek
Software Developer (Senior)
United Kingdom United Kingdom
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionStatus Bar on bottom like in IE? Pin
aquawicket30-Oct-06 12:35
memberaquawicket30-Oct-06 12:35 
QuestionDoes not work if statically linking DLL! Pin
misterredtape18-Jul-06 6:50
membermisterredtape18-Jul-06 6:50 
GeneralProblem with dialog menu Pin
one_eddie27-Dec-04 3:20
memberone_eddie27-Dec-04 3:20 
GeneralCombo boxes & CDialogEx Pin
bigkim4-Jan-04 13:33
memberbigkim4-Jan-04 13:33 
GeneralI know its a basic doubt...but still Pin
dendude18-Dec-03 0:31
memberdendude18-Dec-03 0:31 
GeneralStep by step explanation will be useful Pin
bahu bali16-Sep-03 22:33
sussbahu bali16-Sep-03 22:33 
GeneralA bit offtopic. Problems with property sheets and tabs Pin
Bartek Bosowiec8-Jul-03 2:42
sussBartek Bosowiec8-Jul-03 2:42 
Generaluseful! just what i want Pin
Zhuofei Wang7-Jun-03 15:20
memberZhuofei Wang7-Jun-03 15:20 
GeneralStatusBar Pin
Brian Delahunty14-Apr-03 4:01
memberBrian Delahunty14-Apr-03 4:01 
GeneralCool .. plus one question Pin
HMaxF13-Apr-03 18:58
memberHMaxF13-Apr-03 18:58 
Generalis excelent! but... Pin
musaddiq16-Feb-03 2:11
membermusaddiq16-Feb-03 2:11 
Generalmor information: Pin
musaddiq16-Feb-03 2:29
membermusaddiq16-Feb-03 2:29 
GeneralRe: mor information: Pin
musaddiq17-Feb-03 18:12
membermusaddiq17-Feb-03 18:12 
GeneralRe: mor information: Pin
musaddiq17-Feb-03 18:15
membermusaddiq17-Feb-03 18:15 
Generalis excelent! but... Pin
musaddiq16-Feb-03 2:11
membermusaddiq16-Feb-03 2:11 
GeneralDialog in a DLL Pin
Brett Rowbotham24-Jan-03 0:58
memberBrett Rowbotham24-Jan-03 0:58 
GeneralToolbar position Pin
Christian Reichenbach2-Dec-02 13:47
memberChristian Reichenbach2-Dec-02 13:47 
GeneralRe: Toolbar position Pin
tcoder8-Jan-03 17:14
susstcoder8-Jan-03 17:14 
QuestionCReBar Support ? Pin
Jesper Mandal Hansen20-Nov-02 10:16
memberJesper Mandal Hansen20-Nov-02 10:16 
GeneralGood Work Pin
Anonymous18-Nov-02 5:12
sussAnonymous18-Nov-02 5:12 
Questionneed MFC42U.lib?? Pin
Anonymous30-Oct-02 21:52
sussAnonymous30-Oct-02 21:52 
AnswerRe: need MFC42U.lib?? Pin
Martin Ziacek30-Oct-02 22:58
memberMartin Ziacek30-Oct-02 22:58 
GeneralRe: need MFC42U.lib?? Pin
Anonymous24-Jan-03 1:18
sussAnonymous24-Jan-03 1:18 
GeneralRe: need MFC42U.lib?? Pin
Anonymous24-Jan-03 3:15
sussAnonymous24-Jan-03 3:15 
GeneralRe: need MFC42U.lib?? Pin
suntree5-Jun-03 21:02
membersuntree5-Jun-03 21:02 

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