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Posted 17 Oct 2011

# Exploring Nullable types: Part 2

, 14 Nov 2011
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This is the second and last part of the post on Nullable type series.

This is second and last part of the post on Nullable type series. You can view the first part from here:

In this series, I will be talking about certain rules that we need to take care of while using Nullable type. I will be taking it scenario wise.

## First Scenario

```Int? a=8;
object c = a;
long d = (long)c;```

It will be compiled successfully but will throw an Invalid Cast Exception. Means, you cannot cast it to any other type except the underlying type which is here int although int type can be hold by long.

But the below lines will run successfully:

```long d = (int)c;
long? d = (int)c;```

Because here we are converting to an underlying type int which we can assign to long as it is a widening conversion.

Now let’s move to another point.

## Second Scenario

Guess what will be the output of the below lines:

```int? b=5;
Console.WriteLine(b.GetType());```

Is it System.Nullable<Int32>. No
This actually shows System.Int32. So beware.

## Few More Things

• We can use Unary operator over Nullable type. It will be `null `if it has no value or `null `else applies the operator.
• Binary operators also can be used with Nullable type. Give it a view:
```int? b=5;
int? a = 7;
Console.WriteLine(a+b);```

This will print `12`. But what if:

```int? b=5;
int? a=null;
Console.WriteLine(a+b);
```

This will print nothing because the addition result will be `null`. So be sure, during any binary operation if one operand (or does not have any value) is `null`. The result will also be `null `(or would not have any value).

Hope both posts will give you all a fair enough knowledge of Nullable types. Do share if you have some more points in this. I will add those here..

Happy C# coding.

## About the Author

 Software Developer (Senior) India
Brij is a 3-times Microsoft MVP in ASP.NET/IIS Category and a passionate .NET developer. More than 6 years of experience in IT field, currently serving a MNC as a Tech Lead/Architect.

He is a very passionate .NET developer and have expertise over Web technologies like ASP.NET 2.0/3.5/4.0, jQuery, JSON, Javascript, IIS and related technologies. He is also a Exchange Server (EWS) Specialist. He has great experience in design patterns and N-Tier Architecture.

He is also certified as Microsoft Certified Technologies Specialist-ASP.NET and Microsoft Certified Technologies Specialist-WCF in .NET 4.0. He has also received several awards at various forums and his various articles got listed as "Article of the day" at ASP.NET Microsoft Official Website www.asp.net.

He has done MCA from NIT Durgapur and completed his graduation from Lucknow University.

Learning new technologies and sharing knowledge excites him most. Blogging, solving problems at various forums, helping people, keeps him busy entire day.

Visit his Blog: Code Wala

Area of Expertise :
C#, ASP.NET 2.0,3.5,4.0, AJAX, JQuery, JSON, XML, XSLT, ADO.Net, WCF, Active Directory, Exchange Server 2007 (EWS), Java script, Web Services ,Win services, DotnetNuke, WSS 3.0,Sharepoint Designer, SQL Server 2000/2005/2008

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