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Posted 28 Feb 2000

Accessing Windows 2000 specific APIs

, 28 Feb 2000
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Having trouble accessing the new Windows 2000 APIs? This article may help.

In order to access Win2000 specific APIs etc, one needs the following #define in the application's stdafx.h (before any other #includes)

#define _WIN32_WINNT 0x0500
With the latest platform SDK, this also has the side effect of changing the definition for the OPENFILENAME struct; in particular it makes it larger. This is because of the following lines in the "CommDlg.h"
typedef struct tagOFNA {
	DWORD        lStructSize;
	LPCSTR       lpTemplateName;
#ifdef _MAC
	LPEDITMENU   lpEditInfo;
	LPCSTR       lpstrPrompt;
#if (_WIN32_WINNT >= 0x0500)
	void *       pvReserved;
	DWORD        dwReserved;
	DWORD        FlagsEx;
#endif // (_WIN32_WINNT >= 0x0500)

This means when the definition of class CFileDialog is compiled, it's m_ofn member will have a different size than in the MFC dlls. This is because CFileDialog is defined as:

class CFileDialog : public CCommonDialog
	// Attributes
	OPENFILENAME m_ofn; // open file parameter block

When a CFileDialog is used in your code and is destructed, the wrong offsets into memory for member varialbes will be unsed, and in particular, the m_strFilter will not destruct properly.

The work-around for this is to #undef _WIN32_WINNT before the #include <afxext.h> in the application's stdafx.h:

[__b__]#define _WIN32_WINNT 0x0500     // allow Win2000 specific calls
#define VC_EXTRALEAN            // Exclude rarely-used stuff from Windows headers
#include <afxwin.h>             // MFC core and standard components
#undef _WIN32_WINNT             // allow CFileDialog to build with the correct size
#include <afxext.h>             // MFC extensions
#include <afxdtctl.h>           // MFC support for Internet Explorer 4 Common Controls
#include <afxcmn.h>             // MFC support for Windows Common Controls

Now, <afxext.h> will (indrectly) #include <CommDlg.h> and define CFileDIalog all without the offending _WIN32_WINNT.

NOTE: This only works because the VC_EXTRALEAN stops <afxwin.h> from including CommDlg.h earlier.


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About the Author

Roger Onslow
United States United States
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionIs this fix still required for VC 2005? Pin
psandrene3-Oct-07 8:25
memberpsandrene3-Oct-07 8:25 

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