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- What's This?
- Why another One?
- Using CTreePropSheet
- Customizing CTreePropSheet
- Page Frame and Caption
- Page Tree
- Empty Page Messages
- Unicode Support
- Implementation Details
- Revision History
Using the normal property sheet provided by Windows is hard for the user, especially if the sheet contains a lot of pages. In this case, most sheets would provide a multi tab-rows and each time you click on a tab, that's not in the bottom-most row, the order of the rows will change. In other cases the sheet may provide only a single line of tabs, you can scroll through using tiny arrow buttons. Both solutions are not very comfortable to the user.
This is where
CTreePropSheet comes in: Instead of using tabs, this property sheet provides a tree control, that allows the user to select a page of the sheet. This also allows the developer to group several pages. A group will be displayed to the user as a tree item with some childs (the pages of the group).
This concept is already in use by several products for setting up the preferences. The most famous may be Netscape/Mozilla and Visual Studio .NET.
Why another One?
There are already classes, which are implementing dialogs, like the one described above (i.e. see SAPrefs - Netscape-like Preferences Dialog). But the
CTreePropSheet is a special implementation: Instead of implementing a new preferences dialog up from the scratch,
CTreePropSheet is based on the original Windows property sheet, which brings up several advantages:
- Based on well tested codes
- We get all the features of the original property sheet for free
- Adding pages by their
HPROPSHEETPAGE-handles, which is usefull for applications providing a plug-in-mechanism.
- And the best: Its derived from the class
CPropertySheet and using
CPropertyPage-objects as pages, so that you can use your common code with only minimal changes.
CTreePropSheet is based on the original property sheet, you get all the features, which are available with this common dialog, including:
- Automatic resizing regarding the largest page
- Support for 'OK'-, 'Cancel'-, 'Apply'- and 'Help'-Buttons
- Page icons
CTreePropSheet introduces the following features:
- Grouping pages into logical categories
- Default text for root pages of a group
- Default icons for root pages and child pages
- Some helper functions to make setting icons for pages easier
- Possibilities for customizing the look and feel
- Full Windows XP theme support (looks good on themed and non-themed systems)
This section won't describe all the basic stuff, because you will find this in the description of
CPropertySheet in the MFC-documentation. This section will only describe the advanced features. This is also a tutorial like description of the functionality. A full reference is also available.
CTreePropSheet is in the first step identically to using the MFC-class
- Create some
CPropertyPage (or derived classes) objects and modify there names, to group them together (see below).
- Create a
- Add the
CPropertyPage objects to the
CTreePropSheet object using the
- Modify the style of the property sheet using the methods described in the customization section.
CTreePropSheet::DoModal() to display the property sheet as a modal dialog or
CTreePropSheet::Create() to get a non-modal sheet.
If you only want to modify an existing application, so that it uses the
CTreePropSheet class instead of the
CPropertySheetClass, then simply follow these steps:
- Replace all occurences of
- Change the names of the pages, to group them together (see below).
To group pages into categories, you simply have to change the names of the property pages (the window title). The title should not only contain the name of the page now, rather it should specify the path of the page in the
CTreePropSheet's page tree. The string "::" is used as path separator here. In example the sample application (see screenshot at the top of this page) has five pages which are named:
- Message Format::View
- Message Format::Composition
The root items "Server" and "Message Format" and the related pages are generated automatically by the
CTreePropSheet class, if you do not add pages with those paths explicitly. You can set the text, that should be displayed for those implicit root pages by using the
To get pages, which contain the string "::" in there visible name, you simply have to prefix the double colon with a backslash ("\\::").
This section gives a short overview of the possibilities, to change the look & feel of the
The following methods are providing possibilities for simply modifying the look and feel of your
CTreePropSheet. You will find a full description of each method in the reference.
- Changes the following settings (only before the creation of the window):
- Switch between classic tab- and tree-mode
- Enable/disable the page caption in tree-mode
- Enable/disable page icons in the page tree in tree-mode
- Sets the width of the tree control. Default is 150 pixels.
- Specifies the text to display on empty pages. Empty pages are pages which are created implicitly for root items in the tree.
- Specifies the flags to use with
DrawText() to draw the text on empty pages (mainly alignment specific stuff).
- Specifies images, to use for pages and empty pages, which do not have explicitly defined images. Only of interest, if images are enabled.
- Provides direct access to the tree control, after the dialog has been created (i.e. in
OnInitDialog()) that allows you to change the tree control's styles.
- Static helpers, for defining icons for a page and destroying them, when they are no longer needed.
CTreePropSheet class also provides several advanced customization mechanisms, which are provided by overriding virtual methods.
Page Frame and Caption
You can see in the screen shots, that
CTreePropSheet already comes with support for Windows XP themes, which is mainly important for the background and frame of the property pages: On non-themed systems (like Windows 2000) or when themes are deactivated, property pages are normaly painted in another way, than the sheet background. This requires the sheet to draw a frame around the page. This frame is normally provided by the tab control, but because we are not using a tab control, we have to draw the frame by ourselves, if one is needed.
This frame is drawn by an object of a
CPropPageFrame derived class, which is created in
CTreePropSheet::CreatePageFrame(). The default implementation of this method creates a
CPropPageFrameDefault object, which detects wheter theming is enabled or not and performs the appropriate drawing, using the Windows XP theme library if necessary. This object is also responsible for drawing the page caption, if this feature is enabled (
You can provide your own drawing mechanisms for frame and caption, by overriding the
CreatePageFrame() method in a derived class of
CTreePropSheet and create an object of your own
Most part of modifications to the page tree can be done by using the
GetPageTreeControl() method, to get a pointer to the
CTreeCtrl and modify its style. If you would like to inject your own tree control, you can override the virtual
CreatePageTreeObject() method in your derived class and create an object of your own class instead of the default
Empty Page Messages
If you would like to customize the empty page messages, generated by the sheet, you can override the virtual
You will find a reference of the complete
CTreePropSheet-framework in the header file of the source code. You can generate HTML, HtmlHelp or LaTeX-documentation (and accordingly PDF documentation) from the source files using the help extraction tool doxygen.
This should run on Windows 95 or later and on Windows NT 4.0 or later, though I only have tested it on Windows 98, Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
If you detect problems on one or more of the listed platforms, please let me know.
For compilation you will need Visual C++ 6.0 or 7.0 and the May 2002 Platform SDK. (If you don't have this SDK installed, you can undefine the
XPSUPPORT macro in the file
PropPageFrameDefault.cpp (comment line 30) and it should also work.)
Though I haven't tested it, there is no reason, why this should not work with Unicode.
There is no big deal about the implementation. The most interesting part is done in the
OnInitDialog). The method hides the tab control, resizes the sheet horizontally to get space for the page tree, moves all existing items to the right of the sheet and creates the tree control at the left then.
The rest of the implementation is straight forward. Simply take a look into the code. If you have questions, please post them to the comments section of this article.
- Fix for MFC7 (thanks to Rainer Wollgarten)
- Fix for problems with centering the window correclty, after it has been resizted in
OnInitDialog() under some circumstances (thanks to Stewart Tootill).
- Fixed a little typo.
- [Strg]+[Tab] and [Strg]+[Shift]+[Tab] shortcuts for stepping through the pages now works as expected. Some changes to the text.