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Posted 17 Jun 2009
Licenced CPOL

WPF Flow Document For Beginners

, 17 Jun 2009
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WPF Flow document for beginners

As part of an article that I am creating for, I decided to look into using the System.Windows.Documents namespace and have a look at seeing if I could make a semi-cool’ish looking document.

Now when you use FlowDocuments, there are several container WPF container controls which you may host a FlowDocument in. These WPF container controls vary in what they provide. Let's see the difference, shall we?

  • FlowDocumentScrollViewer: Simply displays the entire document and provides a scroll bar -  like a web page
  • FlowDocumentPageViewer: Shows document as individual pages, and allows user to adjust zoom level
  • FlowDocumentReader: Combines FlowDocumentScrollViewer and FlowDocumentPageViewer into a single control, and exposes text search facilities

For example, a FlowDocumentPageViewer is as shown below:


For those of who have not come across the FlowDocument, here is a list of some of the things that can be done with it:

  • Allow paragraphing
  • Allow anchoring of images
  • Allow hyperlinks
  • Allow text blocks
  • Allow tables
  • Allow subscript/superscript text
  • Allow UIElements (such as Button, etc.)
  • Allow text effects

Think of FlowDocument(s) as a mini desktop publishing type interface. Though I’m sure things like Quark are going to yield more flexibility. Nevertheless, the results of FlowDocument(s) could be thought as being able to create that sort of page publishing type layout.

What I’m going to do now is show you how to create a few of the various FlowDocument elements both in XAML and in code as they are little different actually.



<FlowDocumentPageViewer x:Name="flowDocViewer"  Margin="0,0,0,0″ 
    Background="#FF414141″ Zoom="80″ >         
<FlowDocument x:Name="flowDoc" Foreground="White" FontFamily="Arial"  >
<Paragraph x:Name="para1″ FontSize="11″>

The following details have been obtained from Amazon to match your initial query. Some of the returned values may have been empty, so have been omitted from the results shown here. Also, where there have been more than one value returned via the Amazon Details, these too have been omitted for the sake of keeping things simple for this small demo application. Simple is good, when trying to show how something works.


In C# Code Behind

Paragraph paraHeader = new Paragraph();
paraHeader.FontSize = 12;
paraHeader.Foreground = headerBrsh;
paraHeader.FontWeight = FontWeights.Bold;
paraHeader.Inlines.Add(new Run("Paragraph Text"));



<Paragraph FontSize="11″>
     <Hyperlink  Click="hl_Click" 

     NavigateUri="">Click Here</Hyperlink>

In C# Code Behind

Paragraph paraValue = new Paragraph();Hyperlink hl = new Hyperlink(new Run(
    "Click Here To View The Link Data"));
hl.FontSize = 11;hl.NavigateUri = new Uri(nonNullprop.PropertyValue);
hl.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(hl_Click);paraValue.Inlines.Add(hl);

Embedding UI Elements


    <Button Width="60″ Height="60″ Click="Button_Click">
        Click me

In C# Code Behind

BlockUIContainer uiCont = new BlockUIContainer();
Button b = new Button();
b.Width = b.Height = 60;
b.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(Button_Click);
b.Content = "Click me";

Of course, this is only touching the surface of what can be done with FlowDocuments. But it gives you an idea of how flexible the formatting of documents is with WPF.

The screen shot below shows an example with some Paragraphs/Tables/Hyperlinks and UIElements in place.



This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Sacha Barber
Software Developer (Senior)
United Kingdom United Kingdom
I currently hold the following qualifications (amongst others, I also studied Music Technology and Electronics, for my sins)

- MSc (Passed with distinctions), in Information Technology for E-Commerce
- BSc Hons (1st class) in Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence

Both of these at Sussex University UK.


I am lucky enough to have won a few awards for Zany Crazy code articles over the years

  • Microsoft C# MVP 2016
  • Codeproject MVP 2016
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2015
  • Codeproject MVP 2015
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2014
  • Codeproject MVP 2014
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2013
  • Codeproject MVP 2013
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2012
  • Codeproject MVP 2012
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2011
  • Codeproject MVP 2011
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2010
  • Codeproject MVP 2010
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2009
  • Codeproject MVP 2009
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2008
  • Codeproject MVP 2008
  • And numerous codeproject awards which you can see over at my blog

You may also be interested in...


Comments and Discussions

GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Frank R. Haugen7-Aug-15 1:55
professionalFrank R. Haugen7-Aug-15 1:55 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Sacha Barber11-Aug-15 0:21
mvpSacha Barber11-Aug-15 0:21 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Koopakiller2-Feb-12 9:00
memberKoopakiller2-Feb-12 9:00 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
ShlomiO9-Dec-11 1:49
memberShlomiO9-Dec-11 1:49 
GeneralLet's Say Thanks Pin
mikefried21-Oct-10 0:02
membermikefried21-Oct-10 0:02 
GeneralRe: Let's Say Thanks Pin
Sacha Barber21-Oct-10 1:24
mvpSacha Barber21-Oct-10 1:24 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pin
DanishAbbas15-Oct-10 0:27
memberDanishAbbas15-Oct-10 0:27 
GeneralCool Sasha! Flowdocuments seem to be the elephant in the room Pin
Tawani Anyangwe17-Jun-09 9:21
memberTawani Anyangwe17-Jun-09 9:21 

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