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ASP.NET Core Blazor Game Development using .NET Core 3.0 Preview, Web API and Visual Studio 2019

, 22 May 2019
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How to create a simple game development web application using ASP.NET Core Blazor, .NET Core 3.0 Preview and with Visual Studio 2019

Introduction

In this article, we will see how to create a simple game development web application using ASP.NET Core Blazor, .NET Core 3.0 Preview and with Visual Studio 2019. Here, we will be creating “Odd Image Out Game”. In this game, a total of 5 questions will be asked. In each question, we will display 4 set of Images, in that one Image will be different from the other three. Users have to pick the odd image from the four images. If user picks the correct odd image from the question, user will get 10 points. If user selects the wrong answer, then he will get -5 points. After all the 5 questions have been answered by users, the result will be calculated and if the users points are 50, then the user wins the game and if the user gets less than 50 points, then the user loses the game.

What You Should Know to Create ThIs Odd Image Out App Using ASP.NET Core Blazor?

You need to have basic knowledge of the following:

  • If you are new to Visual Studio 2019, then kindly read our previous article which explains in detail about getting started with Visual Studio 2019.
  • If you are new to ASP.NET Blazor, then kindly read our previous article which explains in detail about working with ASP.NET Core Blazor.

In this article, we will see in detail how to work with ASP.NET Core Blazor using .NET Core 3.0 Preview and with Visual Studio 2019 for developing our odd Image out game.

Background

Prerequisites

  • Visual Studio 2019
  • .NET Core 3.0 Preview SDK
  • Blazor Extensions

Visual Studio 2019

If you have not yet installed Visual Studio 2019, then you can download Visual Studio 2019 from this link and install it on your computer.

.NET Core 3.0 Preview SDK

Install the .NET Core 3.0 Preview SDK. (You can find all versions from this link.)

Download and install the .NET Core 3.0 Preview.

Blazor Extensions

Download the Blazor Extension.

Install Blazor Extension to work with your Blazor applications.

Odd Image Out Game

First, collect all the images needed to be displayed for the question. Each question carries 4 sets of images and in that, one image should be different. So collect as many possible images to make more questions. We will display the questions randomly from the set of questions to avoid repeated question display. So first, we need to make as many possible questions for the users to not get bored of the game. After downloading all the images and giving the proper name to each Image and in Image name itself, we have given an answer as O for Ok and N for Wrong Image. For the sample of this demo, we have created a total of 15 Questions with 15 * 4 images total. You can add more questions to make the game more interesting.

Using the Code

Step 1 - Create ASP.NET Core Blazor Application

After installing all the prerequisites listed above and ASP.NET Core Blazor extension, click Start >> Programs >> Visual Studio 2019 >> Visual Studio 2019 on your desktop. Click New >> Project.

Click on ASP.NET Core Web Application and click Next.

Enter your project name and click Create button.

Now we can see as for ASP.NET Core 3.0, only Blazor Template has been listed. Even if we create the Blazor Project and run it will show the error as “The current .NET SDK does not support targeting .NET Core 3.0. Either target .NET Core 2.2 or lower, or use a version of the .NET SDK that supports .NET Core 3.0. WebApplication2.Server”.

To avoid the error and list all the ASP.NET core template for .NET Core 3.0 Preview, we need to enable the “Use Previews of the .NET Core SDK”.

For this, we cancel creating the project and in our Visual Studio 2019, go to Tools and click on Options. Select Project and Solutions >> Click on .NET Core.

Check the Use Previews of the .NET Core SDK and click OK button.Now we can see our ASP.NET Core Blazoe Template

Now again, create the ASP.NET Core Web project. We can see as now, all the project templates for SAP.NET core are available for the ASP.NET Core 3.0. For us, we select Blazor (ASP.NET Core hosted) project and click on create.

After creating ASP.NET Core Blazor Application, wait for a few seconds. You will see the below structure in solution explorer.

When we create our new ASP.NET Core Blazor application, we can see that there will be 3 projects that will be automatically created in the Solution Explorer.

Client Project

The first project created as a Client project is our BlazorCore.Client and here, we can see our solution name as “BlazorCore”. This project will be mainly focused on all the client-side views. Here, we will be adding all our page views to be displayed at the client side in the browser.

We can see a few sample pages have already been added here and we can also see a shared folder like our MVC application where we will be having the Shared folder and Layout page for the Master page. Here, in Blazor, we have the MainLayout which will be working like the Master page and NavMenu for the left side menu display.

Server Project

As the name indicates, this project will be used as a Server project. This project is mainly used to create all our Controllers and WEB API Controllers to perform all business logic and perform CRUD operation using WEB APIs. In our demo application, we will be adding a Web API in this Server project and all the WEB API in our Client application. This Server project will be work like getting/set the data from Database and from our Client project, we bind or send the result to this server to perform the CRUD operation in the database.

Shared Project

As the name indicates, this project works like a shared project. This project works as a Model for our Server project and for the Client project. The Model declared in this Shared project will be used in both the Server and in the Client project. We also install all the packages needed for our project here; for example, to use the Entity Framework, we install all the packages in this Shared project.

Run to Test the Application

When we run the application, we can see that the left side has navigation and the right side contains the data. We can see as the default sample pages and menus will be displayed in our Blazor web site. We can use the pages or remove it and start with our own page.

Now let’s see how to add new page to create our own Odd Image out game.

Adding Images

First, let's add a new folder “Images" inside the wwwroot:

In the newly added Images folder, add all our images which we will be using for our game. Here, we have added sample 48 images for our 15 questions.

Adding Model Class

Now we will create a model class in our shared project for working with WEB API and in our client application for displaying the questions. Right Click Shared project and click on Add New Class.

Here, we give the class name as gameImages.cs and click on Add to create your model class. Inside shared project.

In the class, declare this property for using in our WEB API controller and in our client application.

public class gameImages
    {
        public string id { get; set; }
        public string Image1 { get; set; }
        public string Image2 { get; set; }
        public string Image3 { get; set; } 
        public string Image4 { get; set; }
        public string Result { get; set; }
    }

Creating Web API for Get Image Details for the Game

To create our WEB API Controller, right click our Server project Controllers folder. Click Add New Controller.

Here, we will be creating an empty WEB API controller to get only the image details from the list.

Here, we have given the WEB API controller name as “GameData” and we can see our new WEB API controller has been created.

We add the below get method to get all the Game Images, for this, here we are not using database and adding all the image details to list and return the list as Enumerable and in our client, we will receive the JSON result and display all the game questions and images.

//api/GameData/AllgameImages
        [HttpGet("[action]")]
        public IEnumerable<gameImages> AllgameImages()
        {
            List<gameImages> gamedata = new List<gameImages>(); 

            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "1",
                Image1 = "A1_N.png",
                Image2 = "A2_O.png",
                Image3 = "A3_O.png",
                Image4 = "A4_O.png",
                Result = "1"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "2",
                Image1 = "AN1_O.png",
                Image2 = "AN2_O.png",
                Image3 = "AN3_N.png",
                Image4 = "AN4_O.png",
                Result = "3"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "3",
                Image1 = "C1_O.png",
                Image2 = "C2_N.png",
                Image3 = "C3_O.png",
                Image4 = "C4_O.png",
                Result = "2"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "4",
                Image1 = "F1_O.png",
                Image2 = "F2_O.png",
                Image3 = "F3_N.png",
                Image4 = "F4_O.png",
                Result = "3"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "5",
                Image1 = "G1_N.png",
                Image2 = "G2_O.png",
                Image3 = "G3_O.png",

                Image4 = "G4_O.png",
                Result = "1"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "6",
                Image1 = "H1_O.png",
                Image2 = "H2_N.png",
                Image3 = "H3_O.png",
                Image4 = "H4_O.png",
                Result = "2"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "7",
                Image1 = "J1_N.png",
                Image2 = "J2_O.png",
                Image3 = "J3_O.png",

                Image4 = "J4_O.png",
                Result = "1"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "9",
                Image1 = "S1_O.png",
                Image2 = "S2_N.png",
                Image3 = "S3_O.png",

                Image4 = "S4_O.png",
                Result = "2"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "9",
                Image1 = "N1_N.png",
                Image2 = "N2_O.png",
                Image3 = "N3_O.png",

                Image4 = "N4_O.png",
                Result = "1"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "10",
                Image1 = "NW1_O.png",
                Image2 = "NW2_N.png",
                Image3 = "NW3_O.png",

                Image4 = "NW4_O.png",
                Result = "2"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "11",
                Image1 = "O1_O.png",
                Image2 = "O2_O.png",
                Image3 = "O3_O.png",

                Image4 = "O4_N.png",
                Result = "4"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "12",
                Image1 = "P1_O.png",
                Image2 = "P2_N.png",
                Image3 = "P3_O.png",

                Image4 = "P4_O.png",
                Result = "2"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "13",
                Image1 = "SC1_O.png",
                Image2 = "SC2_O.png",
                Image3 = "SC3_O.png",

                Image4 = "SC4_N.png",
                Result = "4"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "14",
                Image1 = "T1_N.png",
                Image2 = "T2_O.png",
                Image3 = "T3_O.png",

                Image4 = "T4_O.png",
                Result = "1"
            });
            gamedata.Add(new gameImages
            {
                id = "15",
                Image1 = "WA1_O.png",
                Image2 = "WA2_O.png",
                Image3 = "WA3_N.png",

                Image4 = "WA4_O.png",
                Result = "3"
            });
            return gamedata.AsEnumerable();
        }

To test Get method, we can run our project and copy the GET method API path. Here, we can see our API path to get api/GameData/AllgameImages/.

Run the program and paste API path to test our output.

Working with Client Project

Add Razor View.

To add the Razor view page, right click the Pages folder from the Client project. Click on Add >> New Item.

Select Razor View >> Enter your page name. Here, we have given the name as games.razor.

In Razor view Page, we add 3 parts of code. The first is the Import part where we import all the references and models for using in the view, HTML design and data bind part and finally, we have the function part to call all the web API to bind in our HTML page and also to perform client-side business logic to be displayed in View page for the game.

Import Part

First, we import all the needed support files and references in our Razor View page. Here, we have first imported our Model class to be used in our view and also imported HTTPClient for calling the Web API to display the questions and check for the matching answer for calculate the answers.

@page "/games"
@using ShanuGameBlazor.Shared
@inject HttpClient Http

Display New Game Message

When user clicks on the New Game button, we will call the FirstQuestion() method, display and hide the relevant table row for displaying the question. And call the displayQuestion() method to display the first question.

@if (showGameStart == true)
     {
         <tr>
             <td align="center">
                 <h1>
                     Shanu Blazor Odd Image Out Game
                 </h1>
                 <br><br>
                 <button type="submit"
                 class="btn btn-success"
                 onclick=@FirstQuestion style="
                 background-color:#3f9835;color:#FFFFFF;
                 border-color:#f6f803;border-style:dashed;
                 width:220px">Start Game </button>
                 <br><br>

                 Find the Odd Image from the Given four Images.
                 You will be having 5 questions.<br>
                 Answer all the 5 Question .
                 <br>Wrong Answer will get -5 points
                 and correct answer will get 10 Points.<br>
                 If user answer all the 5 Questions correctly
                 then they are the winner.

             </td>
         </tr>
     }

Function

In function, first we have created the OnInitAsync method. In this method, first we get all the WEB API JSON result and store it in array for using in our game.

protected override async Task OnInitAsync()
{
    gamesimg = await Http.GetJsonAsync<gameImages[]>("api/GameData/AllgameImages");
}

When user clicks on the First Question button, then we hide the Game Start Table row and show the game page table rows.

   void FirstQuestion() {
    showGameStart = false;
 showGame = true;
 showresult = false;
 displayQuestion();
}

Display New Game Question

When user clicks on New Game, we will call the displayQuestion() method to select the random question from the set of questions which we have created and displayed each questions image in HTML page.

@if (showGame == true)
        {
            <tr>
                <td align="Center">
                    <table class="table">

                        <tr style="background-color:#336699 ; color:#FFFFFF ;
                            border: solid 1px #659EC7;">
                            <td align="right" colspan="2">
                                <table class="table">
                                    <tr>
                                        <td colspan="4" align="center" 

                                         style="color:#FFFFFF;">
                                         <h1> Shanu Blazor Odd Image Out Game </h1></td>
                                    </tr>
                                    <tr>

                                        <td style="color:#FFFFFF;font-size:x-large">
                                            Question :  @questionCount
                                        </td>
                                        <td style="color:#FFFFFF;font-size:x-large;" 

                                         colspan="2" align="center">

                                            <img src="Images/coin.png" 

                                                 width="48px" height="48px">

                                        </td>
                                        <td style="color:#FFFFFF;font-size:x-large;">
                                            Total points :  @totalPoints
                                        </td>
                                    </tr>
                                </table>
                            </td>
                        </tr>

                        <tr>
                            <td align="center" style=" background-color:#FFFFFF; 
                                border: dashed 2px #e44a10; padding:10px;width:50%;">
                                <img src="Images/@Image1" width="120px" height="120px" 

                                     onclick=@(() => findAnswer("1")) />

                            </td>
                            <td align="center" style=" background-color:#FFFFFF; 
                                border: dashed 2px #e44a10; padding:10px;width:50%;">
                                <img src="Images/@Image2" width="120px" height="120px" 

                                     onclick=@(() => findAnswer("2")) />
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td align="center" style=" background-color:#FFFFFF; 
                                border: dashed 2px #e44a10; padding:10px;width:50%;">
                                <img src="Images/@Image3" width="120px" height="120px"

                                     onclick=@(() => findAnswer("3")) />
                            </td>
                            <td align="center" style=" background-color:#FFFFFF; 
                                border: dashed 2px #e44a10; padding:10px;width:50%;">
                                <img src="Images/@Image4" width="120px" height="120px" 

                                     onclick=@(() => findAnswer("4")) />
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                    </table>
                </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td align="center">                     

                    Find the Odd Image from the Given four Images.
                    You will be having 5 questions.<br>
                    Answer all the 5 Question .
                    <br>Wrong Answer will get -5 points and 
                    correct answer will get 10 Points.<br>
                    If user answer all the 5 Questions correctly then they are the winner.

                </td>
            </tr>
        }
Function Code
void displayQuestion() {
        questionCount =questionCount +1;
        Random random = new Random();
        int totalcounts = gamesimg.Count();
        randomQuestion=random.Next(1,totalcounts);
        Image1 = gamesimg[randomQuestion].Image1;
        Image2 = gamesimg[randomQuestion].Image2;
        Image3 = gamesimg[randomQuestion].Image3;
        Image4 = gamesimg[randomQuestion].Image4;
        ImageAnswer =gamesimg[randomQuestion].Result;
    }

Find Answer

Now we have displayed the question, so what is next. Yes in each question image click, we need to find the correct answers. In each image click event, we will call the findAnswer(1) method to check for each question answer and calculate the result and display the points to the user and display the next question. In this method, we will pass the argument as 1,2,3,4 for each question clicked by order and in each question answer, we will be storing the answers in Number. We will compare both the user clicked image number with each questions answer. If both are matching, then we will add the points as 10 and if the answer is wrong, then we will -5 with the total points. Finally, we will display the next question for the user to play.

// to find the Answer
void findAnswer(string checkvals) {
    if (checkvals == ImageAnswer)
    {

        totalPoints = totalPoints + 10;
    }
    else
    {
        totalPoints = totalPoints-5;
    }
    counterval = counterval + 1;

    if(counterval==5)
    {

        displayResult();
        return;
    }
    displayQuestion();
}

Here, we can see that we will calculate the answer and display the next question to user with the total points earned.

In the meantime, we will check for questions counter value. If the user answers a total of 5 questions, then we will call the displayResult() method to display the final results to the user.

Display Final Result

In this method, we will check for the total points of the user and display the result.

    void displayResult() {

        if (totalPoints >= 50)
        {
            Resuts = " Wow :) You have answered all the 5 questions correctly 
                       and won the Game.Good Job " ;
            wonImage = "Won.png";
        }
        else
        {
            Resuts = "Sorry You lose the game :( .
                      Your Total points are " + totalPoints + " out of 50 points"; 
            wonImage = "Lose.png";
        }   
        showGameStart = false;
         showGame = false;
        showresult = true;
}

Won the Game

If the points are greater than or equal to 50, then we will display the message as user won the game.

Lose the Game

If the points are lesser than 50, then I will display the message as user lose the game.

Points of Interest

In this article, we have added game details using static list in web API with fixed 48 images for 15 questions. You can extend this to load from the database for both questions and images. Hope you all like this article and in the next article, we will see more examples to work with Blazor. It's really very cool and awesome to work with Blazor.

History

  • 2019-05-10: ShanuGameBlazor.zip

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

syed shanu
Team Leader
India India
Microsoft MVP | Code Project MVP | CSharp Corner MVP | Author | Blogger and always happy to Share what he knows to others. MyBlog

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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionArticle is well presented, easy to follow and leads to a good working demo Pin
Издислав Издиславов23-May-19 0:37
memberИздислав Издиславов23-May-19 0:37 
AnswerRe: Article is well presented, easy to follow and leads to a good working demo Pin
syed shanu23-May-19 13:28
mvasyed shanu23-May-19 13:28 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Robert_Dyball20-May-19 0:09
professionalRobert_Dyball20-May-19 0:09 

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