Localization is the process of customizing your application for a given culture and locale. The .NET framework offers the following namespaces and classes to facilitate the localization.
System.Globalization namespace contains classes that define culture-related information, including the language, the country/region, the calendars in use, the format patterns for dates, currency, and numbers, and the sort order for
CutureInfo provides information about a specific culture.
System.Resources namespace provides classes and interfaces that allow developers to create, store, and manage various culture-specific resources used in an application.
In this article, I will examine how to localize ASP.NET MVC application using existing .NET Framework. To create a new MVC project, see ASP.NET MVC application structure. Now, I will create a App_GlobalResources folder that will have the application resource files. To create a resource file in App_GlobalResources folder, follow these steps:
- Right-click your project –> Add –> Add ASP.NET Folder –> App_GlobalResources
- Right-click App_GlobalResources –> Add –> New Item –> Resources file
I will create two resource files English and French respectively. Now, I will change the "Access Modifier" settings to "Public" as shown below:
Using the Code
Now I can access the resource setting in a strongly typed way as shown below in my view:
The easiest way to determine the visitor's preferred culture is to add
uiCulture="auto" in web.config as shown below:
<globalization culture="auto" uiCulture="auto"/>
However, this approach will not work when rendering a view using a different view engine or if the client setting is invalid. So I will assign the given culture in a global.asax as shown below:
protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
CultureInfo culture = new CultureInfo("fr-CA");
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = culture;
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = culture;
This will make sure that the current thread will apply the given culture. Now I will run the project and it will render a view as shown below:
In this article, we examined how to localize ASP.NET MVC applications using existing .NET Framework.