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Posted 10 Dec 2009


, 3 Apr 2012
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Blinks keyboard LEDs to display network traffic.


I wanted to see the network activity other than in the system tray network icon, so I thought of using the keyboard's CAPS LOCK, SCROLL LOCK, and NUM key LEDs to display the network activity. TrafficLights is a simple application which blinks keyboard lights based on the network traffic on your computer. You can configure which light should blink on send or receive packets. It silently sits on your system tray. You can right click on TrafficLights' system tray icon to configure the LEDs or shut it down.


This is just to learn how to trap network traffic and control keyboard LEDs in .NET.

Using the Code

There are basically two parts to this application:

  • How to identify network traffic.
  • The code below is used to initialize the PerformanceCounter class instances - one for send and one for receive (namely m_performanceCounterSent and m_performanceCounterReceive). They are initialized like so:

    m_performanceCounterCategory = new PerformanceCounterCategory("Network Interface");
    string instance = m_performanceCounterCategory.GetInstanceNames()[0]; // 1st NIC !
    m_performanceCounterSent = new PerformanceCounter("Network Interface", 
                                   "Bytes Sent/sec", instance);
    m_performanceCounterReceived = new PerformanceCounter("Network Interface", 
                                       "Bytes Received/sec", instance);
  • How to control keyboard LEDs.
  • A background thread keeps running in the application, and it keeps on checking on the performance counter to check any network activity. And when an activity is detected, it blinks the configured keyboard LED.

    float fSentValue = m_performanceCounterSent.NextValue() / 1024;
    float fReceivedValue = m_performanceCounterReceived.NextValue() / 1024;
    if (fSentValue > 0)
       keybd_event((byte)m_sendLED, 0x45, KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY, (UIntPtr)0);
       keybd_event((byte)m_sendLED, 0x45, 
    if (fReceivedValue > 0)
       keybd_event((byte)m_receiveLED, 0x45, KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY, (UIntPtr)0);
       keybd_event((byte)m_receiveLED, 0x45, 

Points of Interest

As I mentioned earlier, it's a very simple application, but the intention was to learn how to trap network traffic in .NET.


This is the first version of this application. Also, my first attempt to post anything on CodeProject.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Amit Engineer
United States United States
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionNot sure it's a good idea. Pin
Member 30824879-Apr-12 22:03
memberMember 30824879-Apr-12 22:03 
If I'm right, you're blinking with LEDs by emulating key pressing. BUT! In this case mode for "normal" keyboard input is also changed! Who need this blinking if his words WiLl Be PlAyInG wItH CaSe?? Smile | :)
Long time ago I also investigated this topic and found that ridiculous Shindows DOES NOT HAVE any LED API! I.e. if you wanna blink with LED, you have to emulate key pressing, though keyboard has independed management thru port to do it.
So... don't see any fun playing MS' cruthes.
QuestionStart menu Pin
AndreasJoh4-Apr-12 2:01
memberAndreasJoh4-Apr-12 2:01 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Abinash Bishoyi22-Mar-12 1:32
memberAbinash Bishoyi22-Mar-12 1:32 
GeneralGood C# copy Pin
Igor Tolmachev16-Jan-10 4:53
memberIgor Tolmachev16-Jan-10 4:53 
GeneralRe: Good C# copy Pin
Amit Engineer18-Jan-10 9:01
memberAmit Engineer18-Jan-10 9:01 
GeneralRe: Good C# copy Pin
tkrafael_net3-Apr-12 11:47
membertkrafael_net3-Apr-12 11:47 
GeneralNice and funny Pin
Muhammad Nauman Yousuf14-Dec-09 22:24
memberMuhammad Nauman Yousuf14-Dec-09 22:24 
GeneralNice but heavy CPU load Pin
Thomas Kuehn11-Dec-09 8:38
memberThomas Kuehn11-Dec-09 8:38 
GeneralRe: Nice but heavy CPU load Pin
Amit Engineer11-Dec-09 10:01
memberAmit Engineer11-Dec-09 10:01 
QuestionRe: Nice but heavy CPU load Pin
Amit Engineer11-Dec-09 10:11
memberAmit Engineer11-Dec-09 10:11 
AnswerRe: Nice but heavy CPU load Pin
Igor Tolmachev16-Jan-10 4:56
memberIgor Tolmachev16-Jan-10 4:56 
Generalgreat Pin
thebeekeeper11-Dec-09 4:57
memberthebeekeeper11-Dec-09 4:57 
Generalfunny.. [modified] Pin
reborn_zhang11-Dec-09 4:45
memberreborn_zhang11-Dec-09 4:45 
GeneralRe: funny.. Pin
reborn_zhang11-Dec-09 4:56
memberreborn_zhang11-Dec-09 4:56 

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