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Posted 27 Feb 2010

Hangman Game

, 2 Mar 2010
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A Hangman game as a console application


Hangman is a popular word guessing game where the player attempts to build a missing word by guessing one letter at a time. After a certain number of incorrect guesses, the game ends and the player loses. The game also ends if the player correctly identifies all the letters of the missing word.

Using the Code

The program consists of several classes. The class diagram is shown below:


The main thing from the program is holding the guessed letters in an array collection and manipulating against the randomly picked word. In addition, you need to count the missing letters. Let's see the code that verifies the user's guessed letter and builds the word.

/// <summary>
/// Process the user guessed letter against the random picked word
/// </summary>
public void Play()
    guessed_FoundLetters = new List<string>();
    for (int i = 0; i < PickedWord.WordLength; i++)
    // Add underscore to the guessed and found string collection
        guessed_FoundLetters.Add(" _ ");
    for (int i = 0; i < PickedWord.WordLength; i++)
        string letter = PickedWord.Content.Substring(i, 1);
        if (GuessedLetters.Count > 0)
            foreach (string guessedLetter in this.GuessedLetters)
                if (letter.Equals(guessedLetter.Trim().ToUpper()))
                // If the guessed letter is found from the picked
                // word then replace underscore with the letter
                    guessed_FoundLetters.Insert(i, " " + letter + " ");
    Console.WriteLine(buildString(guessed_FoundLetters, false));

The enumeration class is an indicator whether a user is winning or losing the game.

/// <summary>
/// Game result enumeration
/// </summary>
public enum GAMERESULT
    WIN,// Game is finished and player won the game
    LOSE,// Game is finished and player lose the game
    CONTINUE,// Continue play

The program class is the one which takes all the actions from the user and runs the game. The method that actually plays the game is shown below:

/// <summary>
/// Play game
/// </summary>
private static void playGame()
    Words words = new Words();
    Word pickedWord = words.Pick;           
    PlayHangman playHangman = new PlayHangman();
    playHangman.PickedWord = pickedWord;
    for (int i = 0; i < pickedWord.WordLength; i++)
        Console.Write(" _ ");
    while (playHangman.Result() == GAMERESULT.CONTINUE)
        Console.Write("Pick a letter --> ");
        ConsoleKeyInfo guessedLetter = Console.ReadKey();
        if (playHangman.AddGuessedLetters(guessedLetter.KeyChar))
    if (playHangman.Result() == GAMERESULT.LOSE)
        Console.WriteLine("So sorry. You struck out.");
        makeTextBlink("The mystery word was '" + 
                      pickedWord.Content.ToUpper() + "'",500);
        makeTextBlink("You won !",500);

Points of Interest

In this program, I learnt how to solve word guessing problems. I hope you enjoyed the Hangman game and the implementation.


  • February 27, 2010: First version
  • March 1, 2010: Article updated


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Wonde Tadesse
United States United States
MSCS, MCTS, Senior Software Engineer, Architect, Craftsman, The Ultimate DEV ...

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Comments and Discussions

PraiseNICE ONE! Pin
Ratul Thakur8-Apr-16 8:31
memberRatul Thakur8-Apr-16 8:31 
Questionsource code Pin
Member 121803601-Dec-15 21:52
memberMember 121803601-Dec-15 21:52 
QuestionQuestion Pin
tas ka moka2-Jan-13 3:32
membertas ka moka2-Jan-13 3:32 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
tas ka moka2-Jan-13 3:25
membertas ka moka2-Jan-13 3:25 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Wonde Tadesse8-Jan-13 13:10
memberWonde Tadesse8-Jan-13 13:10 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Kenneth Haugland27-Aug-12 11:32
memberKenneth Haugland27-Aug-12 11:32 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Wonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:12
memberWonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:12 
Questionnice work Pin
Member 876818921-Jun-12 3:27
memberMember 876818921-Jun-12 3:27 
AnswerRe: nice work Pin
Wonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:43
memberWonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:43 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Reza Ahmadi15-Apr-12 5:19
memberReza Ahmadi15-Apr-12 5:19 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Wonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:11
memberWonde Tadesse13-Nov-12 13:11 
Thank you very much.
Wonde Tadesse

GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Jαved16-Feb-12 4:57
memberJαved16-Feb-12 4:57 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Wonde Tadesse14-Apr-12 12:42
memberWonde Tadesse14-Apr-12 12:42 
Questiongobez Pin
abysinia10-Nov-11 0:07
memberabysinia10-Nov-11 0:07 
GeneralRe: gobez Pin
Wonde Tadesse10-Nov-11 3:44
memberWonde Tadesse10-Nov-11 3:44 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
abysinia10-Nov-11 0:06
memberabysinia10-Nov-11 0:06 
GeneralExcellent Work!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Pin
yunegu mahesh reddy9-Mar-10 23:23
memberyunegu mahesh reddy9-Mar-10 23:23 
GeneralRe: Excellent Work!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Pin
Yewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)10-Mar-10 7:02
memberYewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)10-Mar-10 7:02 
GeneralBravo ! Pin
Kanou924-Mar-10 5:55
memberKanou924-Mar-10 5:55 
GeneralRe: Bravo ! Pin
Yewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)4-Mar-10 6:03
memberYewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)4-Mar-10 6:03 
GeneralNice! Pin
Nishad S1-Mar-10 14:40
memberNishad S1-Mar-10 14:40 
GeneralRe: Nice! Pin
Yewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)1-Mar-10 16:44
memberYewondwossen C.Tadesse (Wonde)1-Mar-10 16:44 

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