No need to say that many of us tried to decorate downcast appearance of standard menus. And so did I. First of all, I tried to find something suitable amongst already written code. And the best code that I've found belongs to Chris Beckett: Menu Images using C# and IExtenderProvider - a better mousetrap! published on The Code Project.
Then I tried to make the code a bit more flexible: enable owner drawing for some menu items, not all, allow to use custom fonts for menu text and make an
ImageIndex selector for VS Designer. Although not all problems were solved - I'll write about it below - you can use this code and I hope to improve it.
Using the MenuExtender
Because this article has appeared as a remaking of Chris'
MenuImageLib class, I refer you to his article if you wish to know how to extend standard class behavior with
IExtenderProvider. He clearly demonstrates how to add owner drawn menus without overriding
OnDrawItem for every menu item.
My version of the
MenuExtender provides the following properties to the
- Draw an icon of any size
- Draw a text with a custom Font or
- Enable/disable the extender for particular menu items
MenuExtender is applicable for non-top menu items and context menus. In order to use it in your project, add it to your VS toolbox:
- Right-click on the "Windows Forms" tab in the Toolbox
- Choose "Add/Remove Items..."
- On the ".NET Framework Components", press the "Browse..." button and find a MenuExtender.dll
That will add a "
MenuExtender" icon to the Windows Forms tab. Drag this icon to your form. By this action, you will add the
MenuExtender component to your project:
private MenuExtender.MenuExtender menuExtender;
this.menuExtender = new MenuExtender.MenuExtender(this.components);
Now you should set some properties for the
MenuExtender. Using the Properties window, set an
ImageList (if you have one) with images for icons on your menu items:
true, it means that texts on your menus will be displayed with the
SystemInformation.MenuFont. If you wish to use some other font - just select it for the
Font property and set
false. That will generate the following code:
this.menuExtender.Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Tahoma", 9.75F,
this.menuExtender.ImageList = this.imageList;
this.menuExtender.SystemFont = false;
But I don't advice to do it in the beginning of your application. If a user's computer doesn't have the specified font installed - you'll get an exception. You can write this piece of code somewhere in "Customize your application" class. If you have already set some font and wish to return to default settings - right-click on the "Font" field and select "Reset".
And, at last, we can tune our menu items. Select one and find the "Menu Extender" category in the Property window:
true - the menu item will be drawn by the
ImageIndex is the index of the image item in the
ImageList associated with the
MenuExtender. Pay attention to
OwnerDraw property - it is set to
true automatically. Final code for a menu item looks like the following:
this.menuItem4.OwnerDraw = true;
Now it's time to start the engine! Compile the test project and run it.
Tips & Tricks
If you compare the menu separators on Figure 1 and Figure 2, you can see that the left separator has a custom 3D look. It's because the
MenuExtender was not enabled for this separator. I think it's better than to track XP theme switching.
I've found one serious limitation - this class cannot be used in a MDI application. The reason lies out of my class - it's a common problem for the framework. You can easily ascertain that your owner drawn menu items in a
MainMenu of a MDI parent form can disappear. Create a MDI child form with its own menus added/merged to the parent. Open a few child forms and close them. Look at your
MainMenu with owner drawn items - they are blank. The similar problem with owner drawn menus attached to a
NotifyIcon component is described in the Knowledge Base article 827043.
I used a great many sources for my work. But the first one was Menu Images using C# and IExtenderProvider - a better mousetrap! by Chris Beckett.
Another good resource is Dino Esposito's article in the MSDN Magazine - Cutting Edge: Owner-Drawing in .NET.
- February 23rd, 2004 - First release
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