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Posted 24 Mar 2010

Programming Language Misuse

, 7 Sep 2017
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Programming language misuse

I’m feeling a bit guilty about some code I wrote:

using (new OperationTimer("MyOperation", this))
    // ... complete operation

This innocent looking C# snippet is hiding a tricky secret - the using statement is being misused (no pun intended). The documentation defines the intended usage clearly:

using Statement

  • Defines a scope, outside of which an object or objects will be disposed.

The problem? The notion of “object disposal” is being hijacked! In your garden variety IDisposable implementation, you’d be dealing with an external resource that needs to be released before the object can be removed from memory. Instead, I’m using it to time a block of code like so:

class OperationTimer : IDisposable
    private readonly string _operationName;
    private readonly ITimable _obj;
    private readonly Stopwatch _stopwatch;

    public OperationWrapper(string operationName, ITimable obj)
        _operationName = operationName;
        _obj = obj;
        _stopwatch = new Stopwatch();

    public void Dispose()
        _obj.OnOperationCompleted(_operationName, _stopwatch.Elapsed);

The constructor starts a timer and the Dispose() method stops it and reports the elapsed time. (Aside: if you’re interested in how I’m using the timer, check out my previous article Simplified Performance Counters.) There are certainly other ways to accomplish this same behavior, but they lack the elegance of a neatly scoped code block. It’s arguably an acceptable way to repurpose the language. In fact, the ASP.NET MVC authors saw fit to use it in a similar fashion with the BeginForm helper. The only “resource” it disposes of is to render a closing </form> tag.

My question is: When does repurposing language constructs turn from “acceptable language use” to a “dirty trick”, or worse, “illegible line noise”?

It seems like a slippery slope. One instance that I don’t care for is controlling execution flow by-way-of logical operator precedence in most C-like languages:

expression1 && expression2 || expression3

Which is equivalent to:

if (expression1)
    if (!expression2)

This takes advantage of the order of evaluation in a logical statement – it is assumed (correctly) that expression2 will never be evaluated if expression1 is evaluated as false, and instead, expression3 will get to run. Likewise, if the first two evaluate to true, the truth value is known for the statement and expression3 is never evaluated. This is clearly not the intended usage which the language designers had in mind, but it works, and it saves any keywords from being written.

Some truly beautiful code has been written by way of hijacking the language. For instance, here’s a program that will calculate the value of pi using an ASCII circle. Truly neat - but also completely useless from a software development standpoint.

What do you think? Should I just get over my guilt about repurposing IDisposable? Or, should I be true to the original intent of the language and find another way?


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License


About the Author

James Kolpack
Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

GeneralBoolean short circuiting is not misuse Pin
LintMan6-Apr-10 4:59
memberLintMan6-Apr-10 4:59 
AnswerRe: Boolean short circuiting is not misuse Pin
Florian Leeber8-Sep-17 3:07
memberFlorian Leeber8-Sep-17 3:07 
GeneralCorrection regarding: expression1 && expression2 || expression3 Pin
Member 40016629-Mar-10 19:55
memberMember 40016629-Mar-10 19:55 
GeneralRe: Correction regarding: expression1 && expression2 || expression3 Pin
James Kolpack30-Mar-10 18:58
memberJames Kolpack30-Mar-10 18:58 
GeneralNot a "dirty trick" but a great technique that improves robustness: RAII! Pin
wtwhite29-Mar-10 18:16
memberwtwhite29-Mar-10 18:16 
GeneralRe: Not a "dirty trick" but a great technique that improves robustness: RAII! Pin
torial31-Mar-10 10:07
membertorial31-Mar-10 10:07 
GeneralCaveats with "using" Pin
supercat925-Mar-10 5:45
membersupercat925-Mar-10 5:45 
GeneralRe: Caveats with "using" Pin
wtwhite29-Mar-10 18:43
memberwtwhite29-Mar-10 18:43 
GeneralRe: Caveats with "using" Pin
supercat931-Mar-10 8:27
membersupercat931-Mar-10 8:27 
GeneralRe: Caveats with "using" Pin
wtwhite31-Mar-10 16:24
memberwtwhite31-Mar-10 16:24 
GeneralRe: Caveats with "using" Pin
IGood6-Apr-10 23:03
memberIGood6-Apr-10 23:03 
GeneralSeems fine to me. Pin
dwilliss24-Mar-10 14:41
memberdwilliss24-Mar-10 14:41 

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