What is Mobile Gestures
Mobile Gestures technology lets
you control your device actions by movements or touchs. They can be likely some
shortcuts of complex actions. The success of these shortcuts are depend on
becoming natural behavior of users. The movement can be with device movement or
movement on the camera of device. Touchs can be on screen or on device.
These gestures are becoming one
of the main reasons while customers choosing their new smart phone such as
battery consumption, screen size, weight or processor. The mobile phone
companies are investing much on the features to be selected by customers.
Especially the phone companies who offer their customer same Operating System
(Android) are in the competition. The leading firms in this race are Samsung,
Motorola, Nexus, LG, HTC, Sony, Huawei and ZTE. Apple is not in the same
competition, however they have a strategy on the gestures which is obivious. On
the other hand, these features are subject to fill patent applications.
While smart phones offers wide
task list to their user such as voice comminucation, SMS, Multimedia, internet, GPS, mobile games, their input list
gets limited. The only input way was hard keyboards. The hard keyboard
surpassed by touch screens. After touch screens and multi touch options,
shortcut movements gets more popular. The movements on the screen with touch
called screen gestures. <o:p>
Some of the known and popular
screen gestures are <o:p>
spread or pinch for resize an image,
swipe right for delete a message or answer a call,
slide to unlock phone,<o:p>
The screen gestures was an evolution in the gesture history,
they are still in use, however the usage is reducing.
The second invention on the
subject was motion gestures. They also called as 3D gestures. After the devices
equipped with sensors, the motion gestures became favourites by users. The main
sensors in devices of today are accelerometers,
gyroscopes, and orientation sensors.
<o:p> Most popular gestures are using
by phone users are
moving phone to face to answer a call while there is an
turn device over to mute a incoming call,
double tap on top of your device to go on the top of a
Moving your phone left or right down to control a craft
in a game,
Mobile phone manufacturers add
motion gestures to the rom of their products. They can be eligible by user via
settings menu. The below image is the motion
gestures menu of Samsung Galaxy S3.
User can turn on or turn off the
gesture himself. Direct call and Smart Alert are my favourites for this phone.
While Direct call option is on, if the
phone brings to face of user, it calls directly the contact on the screen. if
the phone placed down and turned off screen, smart Alert feature shows the
notifications to user after user pick up the phone. The image below
illusturates the usage of Smart Alerts.<o:p>
If your phone does not have these gestures in settings menu,
you can download a motion gesture application from Google Play. Listening
sensors or registering a service to root does not need root permissions,
therefore an application with appropriate permissions can be installed safely
to use motion gestures. What is more you can create your own action for a
specified input with these applications or your own program. For example you
can send a message while your phone is in an appropriate slope.<o:p>
The latest invention on gestures
are air gestures. They also called wave control or hover control. These gestures help device owners to control
their phone without touching them. With proximity sensor and image processing
technology, the camera or sensor captures the hand movements and gets them as
an input for an action. <o:p>
Most adopted ones by user till now are<o:p>
Hands on your device screen to mute a call,
Pass your hand on camera to see next browser page,
Move you hand for next the song,
Moving your hand side
from left to right or vica verse to capture screen.
The left air gesture is
illusturates the mute a call. While phone rings user can mute the phone via
holding his hand on phone for a short while. It raise up a service that
catches hand movements when a call comes.<o:p>
Another air gesture is for
accepting or rejecting an incoming call. The user can move his hand from left
to right to accept a call, or visa verse to reject a call. Whenever you move
your hand to accept it, the call accepts and speakers gets on. This is a handy feature if a call comes from
your girl friend,while you wash dishesJ. <o:p>
In Samsung S4 and some models of Sony these gestures come
default on rom, you can use them via turning on them in settings menu. In
addition to this, there are applications in google play that provides some of
these features. To use them, you should have an above average proximity sensor
in the device. <o:p>
The Architecture Of Gestures
Sensors can not be up all the time, because of power consumption issues. That is why when need a special action to turn them on. Tha main action listener should be registered in root to make the gesture available after start up. After start up, the main action should be listened. If an expected action comes, the service attaches sensor listeners and if sensor listeners catch the input shows the output action. After the main action completed the sensors should be released with a detach sensor function.
The below architecure illustrates the point,
Lets describe calling a contact gesture with this architecture. A broadcast receiver service should be registered for catching the contacts screen in root. Whenver the contacts screen is shown, the service starts the sensor listeners to catch movement of user. If the user move the phone to his face, the output action is shown which is calling the contact. After the contact screen is closed service should give an order to detach sensor listeners. Registering the main action can be done via a menu setting.
The architecture is designed for an android device, it can be different in other embedded operating systems.
This handy gestures have some difficulties while we apply them. Without a main action which described above, they can not work. An application which turns on sensors all the time phone is up, can drain the battery fast. In addition to this, the sensivity of sensors are not in good for all phones. Some phones there is a delay for sensor updates. What is more, the range of sensor is different in different model.
For example in some devices, the proximity sensor range is from 0-5. Equipped best sensor devices are expensive than others. The processor and memory are still an issue for image processing or sensor listening.
Mobile technology is improving really fast. The gestures will be more popular in near future. The limitations will be solved soon. And the gestures will be stable with new equipments.
1) I believe new sensors will be introduced in near future. Pressure or resistance can be candidates. The value range of sensors can be redefined and sensivity will be better.
2) Battery consumption problem will be solved. Drawing a letter on screen while screen off can be detected, because there will be no consumption problem and gesture wont need the main action.
3) Location, the gestures will be registered with different locations, for example if the user in a shopping center, the gesture will be defined to buy an item.
4) Speech Technology will be more popular, the gesture will combine with speech. Speech and hand movement will get unique output.
5) After the phones gets Wearable Devices, the usage of gestures will be increased dramatically. A new method will be introduced, the body gestures, the devices can be controlled with body movements. The Samsung Gear is released with Samsung Galaxy Note 3, Google Glass is in same the competition. However I think the wearable devices needs more time to be natural behavior of humanity.
6) Mind Waves, there is some equipments that can catch mindwaves. If you look at ios or android application market you can find some application or games that works with these equipments. They will be a part of gestures, users will be control their devices with mind waves. Check out Mindwave Mobile , http://www.neurosky.com/ .
Mobile Gestures technology will be most important preference for phone users while they choose their phone. There is still important limitations, however, the phone manufactures invest to solve these limitations. After the problems are solved, the gestures will be more popular and handy.
Screen gestures, Motion gestures and Air gestures are todays gestures. Body gestures and Mind wave gestures will be future gestures. Today there is one dimension input for gestures, in future there will be also range or option list as input. Location and speech services will provide a range or option list as input.